Wooden chairs: the idea and implementation of a creative project
A chair in the interior is the simplest furniture model in design, which is quite easy to choose and buy. However, if you want to have something exclusive, original, and sometimes just as cheap as possible in the country or in the house, there is an idea to make chairs from wood in your own workshop. In this article we will talk about how to execute the conceived design, implement the idea and where to start carpentry for a novice master.
Is it easy to make a chair out of wood with your own hands
Chairs accompany people all their lives. They change with the interior, style, purpose and age of the owner, but they are always present in the room. The idea to engage in a furniture project usually arises from those who saw a photo of a wooden product on some resource and were inspired by their own experiment. If, for example, you often have to repair chairs made of wood, then you already know all the nuances of the design, the “weak” points of certain models. Therefore, there are their own ideas about how to make a reliable and comfortable chair.
Already at the initial stage, a novice furniture master evaluates the complexity of the work performed, his own practical skills in carpentry and creates a list of necessary tools. Beginners never take up the production of complex products, realizing that lack of experience can lead to unsuccessful execution and wasted resources and time on the project. However, experience appears only in the process of work. If you start manufacturing with simple models and use inexpensive materials, it is possible that very soon your own exclusive furniture will become a matter of personal pride.
Woodworking is easy to master if desired. If the master has little experience, then it makes no sense to buy a full set of tools, including their electrical counterparts, or to price woodworking machines. It will be enough to purchase the most necessary things, and the rest of the inventory can be rented. Time will tell whether carpentry will become a long-term hobby or whether the enthusiasm for making furniture will disappear with the first mock-up of a chair.
What kind of wood to use when making chairs with your own hands
Wood is a very generalized name for the material for making chairs. Not every kind of wood that is used in the manufacture of furniture will be suitable here. The reason for the strict selection is in the loads affecting the chair in different planes. They dictate the parameters of sustainability and safety of use. If we consider the options of suitable wood, we will get a considerable list to choose from:
- soft rocks – pine, linden, cedar;
- moderately mild varieties – aspen, birch, mountain ash;
- moderately hard rocks – walnut, beech, pear, cherry, oak, larch;
- hard varieties – maple, ash, hornbeam and many types of exotic woods.
Useful advice! Oak or beech are ideal for making chairs, but they are expensive. For the first own furniture samples, it is better to buy dense wood, but financially less expensive, for example, mountain ash.
The most durable products are obtained from durable wood species. However, it is not easy to assemble such wooden chairs with your own hands, because machines will be needed for high-quality processing of the source material. The price of solid wood raw materials is never low. Soft rocks are easily processed even manually, but the operational period of such products is not too long. Therefore, the assembly of chairs is usually planned in a combined design in order to achieve the desired strength and reduce the cost of the product. For example, you can use plywood for a seat or backrest.
As an undesirable material for the manufacture of chairs, experts indicate all coniferous species because of their straight-layered structure. Ignoring warnings threatens with frequent breakdowns, the formation of chips and a low service life of the product. The only use of coniferous wood in chairs is multilayer plywood for seats. In other cases, even the highest quality of blanks does not guarantee the durability and safety of furniture. At the same time, it is not necessary to exclude conifers from the list of lumber, if the design of the stool is planned. Pine or larch is suitable for such a simple chair model.
Wooden chairs: recommendations for lumber
Carpentry is recommended to master the materials that are available (left over from construction), and you can also use trees cut down on the site. For high-quality products, for example, the remains of fence boards are not suitable, because the grades of construction and carpentry wood are different. However, for the first experience of making chairs, unnecessary lumber or an array may well be useful.
If the wood for the manufacture is purchased specifically, then you need to pay attention to such aspects:
- tables and chairs made of wood can combine several types of lumber in their design: solid wood, logs, beams, boards;
- the purchased boards or beams must be free of cracks, deformations, distortions, knots;
- the humidity of lumber or blanks for chairs should not exceed 12%, i.e. the wood is selected dry;
- rule of lumber thickness: board < 100 m < timber;
- the presence of rot, mold, fungus, holes is unacceptable.
Useful advice! Buy lumber with a small margin, because when making furniture items, there is a high probability of spoiling or breaking any part due to insufficient skill and experience.
For chairs, wood is selected without visible defects. All the features of the saw, which can add texture in the manufacture of interior items, absolutely do not play any role for chairs. In the vast majority of cases, they can even be a hindrance and significantly reduce the strength and operational capabilities of furniture.
Wood color and pattern: is it worth considering the features
To make chairs made of wood into an apartment or for a cottage, it is necessary to take care of their organic entry into the existing interior of the room. If the main part of the furniture is made in dark colors, then light armchairs or chairs will look like an inappropriate detail against their background. Construction chemicals for wood processing allows you to achieve different shades. However, it is worth knowing that the dark brown color has a walnut, the cherry wood will be a reddish shade. Light brown base of oak, cedar, teak, alder, larch, and the lightest tones are characteristic of beech, pine, birch, maple, ash.
The color of the wood is not important if the chairs are supposed to be installed in the dining area, using deep covers that completely cover the entire frame of the product. Similarly, you can successfully hide small flaws in the processing or quality of the selected wood. However, not all interiors involve the installation of chairs with covers, no matter how practical they may be.
A well-chosen wood color can be further emphasized by the expressiveness of its structure. Sometimes the interior needs a bright or, conversely, restrained tree pattern. Beech and alder have practically no pattern. The tick will be able to stand out with a striped structure. In oak, maple, ash and cherry, the annual rings are clearly visible. There are various techniques for changing the pattern of wooden chairs, photos of the results of these works can be easily found on the Internet and, if desired, do the same.
Chairs made of wood with their own hands: drawings, assembly, design options
Before you start manufacturing, you should initially determine the type of the intended product, and not select the material or look for instructions on how to make a chair. It is on this that all the following steps will depend: the search for drawings, the choice of wood, the purchase of tools, etc. You can make chairs with or without a backrest (stool, bar stool), with a soft or hard seat, a folding or transformable design, with or without armrests from wood with your own hands. Whether it is a comfortable armchair or a modest wooden stool, an ordinary dining area chair or an exotic product – such issues are solved first of all.
When it is finally determined how the product will look, they proceed to preliminary calculations, measurements and drawings. These actions are necessary for calculating the material, selecting the optimal size and comfortable design of chairs. To do this, it is necessary to determine the height and tilt of the backrest, the width of the seat, the height of the legs, etc. At the same stage, it is worth considering which parts are allowed to reduce the cost without loss of strength. For example, you can replace the boards with plywood or fabric, make inserts from cheaper raw materials.
If you have experience in the reconstruction of finished chairs or a desire to master the art of carving, then you can try to create antique chairs. Various breeds are chosen from wood to implement such a plan. When carved elements are present in the project, inserts are made of moderately soft rocks. Artificially “aging” a standard chair can be done by special methods of painting and processing: crackle technique, brushing, patina, coloring and other methods. The product turns out to be extraordinary, and for a certain interior design it can become one of the accents in the room.
A stool or a log chair: ideas in a hurry for beginners
The simplest type of chair is an ordinary piece of a log mounted vertically. Such furniture is not placed in the apartment: because of the special strength and massiveness, it belongs in the country, in the garden, on the lawn. However, designers in pursuit of extravagance offer fans of eco-style universal chairs made of logs, which can serve as stands, benches, coffee tables and other furniture attributes.
Instead of a drawing for such models, it is enough to have good photos of chairs and cut a log of the length that will be comfortable for sitting. The choice of logs also matters: the manufacturing process and the design of the product depend on the diameter of the source material. A fairly thick piece of log can serve as the basis for a chair with a back. Logs of smaller diameter will require more sawing and other furniture laying.
The simplest variant of carpentry with a log as a starting material will look like this: take a log of a suitable diameter, measure the desired seat height and make a transverse cut in this place. The log cut is installed vertically, optionally treated with impregnation from rotting, sanded, varnished, etc. It turns out an ordinary stool by the type of stump. The base can be made in the form of a chair with a solid back.
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The number of log processing stages increases, and the requirements for the diameter of the source material increase:
- from the edge of the log, the desired seat height is measured, as in the first case, in this place a transverse cut is made, and not completely, but approximately 2/3 of the thickness;
- the height of the back of the chair is planned, the necessary part is completely cut off;
- from the upper end of the cut, a vertical cut is made to the border where the seat is indicated.
Then comes the cosmetic treatment and creative work on the product: leveling or deepening of the backrest, grinding, firing, impregnation, etc.
Useful advice! To create a chair with a back made of a solid log, a large diameter material is selected for cutting. Otherwise, an uncomfortable chair with a mediocre seat and an uncomfortable back will come out of a narrow log.
Huge logs, from which a comfortable one–piece chair would come out, are a rarity. You can not search for wooden giants, but take a narrower material for work, cut it lengthwise and design original wooden chairs from several parts. How to make such models, it is recommended to look on the Internet at photos of chairs made of wood with your own hands. You can get inspiration from the viewed videos or make your own original sketch based on the material that is already available.
How to make a wooden chair with your own hands: drawings, tools, assembly
Creativity will be present in any projects involving the manufacture of products with their own hands. You can make a chair out of wood using templates and drawings from the Internet or come up with your own interesting design based on them. In any case, there are basic rules of production, processing of wood and elements that must be followed.
For a standard hard chair, you will need:
- measuring tools – ruler or square, tape measure, special construction pencil for marking, level;
- rifled inventory – hacksaw, electric jigsaw, stuslo;
- tools for processing – chisel, plane, mallet;
- accessories for assembly – screwdriver, hammer, screws, carpentry glue;
- materials for finishing are sandpaper of different grain sizes, varnish or stain.
Initially, a drawing is being searched for a chair of identical design. You can make developments based on your own measurements, but with insufficient experience in carpentry, there is a high probability of errors or significant shortcomings. There are two main models of chairs on the Internet – with a straight back or a more ergonomic inclined part. The first option is easier to perform, but in the second case, a convenient and reliable product similar to the factory one is obtained.
Useful advice! When preparing several symmetrical parts, the first sample is made according to drawings, and the subsequent ones are made according to the first sample (as according to a template). In this way, you can achieve an exceptional identity of the parts.
Let’s get acquainted with the step-by-step instructions for making a standard chair with a backrest. First, you need to carefully study the finished drawing or think over your own. It is necessary to prepare the bars of the required length for the front and rear legs of the chair. There are options when all 4 legs are the same height or the rear legs can be much longer, combining their own height with the height of the backrest. The legs are cut from an even profile or bent – it all depends on the design.
In each workpiece for the legs, it is required to drill holes at the same height from the bottom to install the base and grooves for reinforcing horizontal lintels. Next, the jumpers themselves are cut, observing the length indicated in the drawing, plus they must add 2-3 cm from each end to organize the mounting spikes. You should pay attention to the same dimensions and perform the connecting nodes as accurately as possible so that the construction does not “walk” during assembly.
The back of the chair is cut out of the edged board. Grooves are made on the inside of the rear legs for its fastening. It is easier to fix the back with screws, while the fastener is not twisted immediately, but after preliminary shallow drilling, so that the beam does not split during assembly.
The seat for the chair is made, like the back, of a cut board or a furniture board. In size, it should slightly protrude beyond the edge of the installation frame. Before installing the seat, the chair frame should be additionally reinforced with diagonal slats.
The finished parts of the chair are sanded with sandpaper and varnished until the final assembly. It is necessary to carefully distribute the varnish so that it does not flow into the grooves intended for spikes, otherwise it will be impossible to glue the parts. When the varnish dries, you can finally assemble the chair.
Wooden chairs with upholstered seating, with armrests and armchairs
There are several ways to increase the comfort of chairs created in your own workshop:
- complicate the design and make wooden chairs with armrests;
- slightly change the order of assembly and make wooden chairs with a padded seat and back;
- instead of a chair, you can make an armchair with your own hands, just not a massive, but a lightweight model, which, for example, will be appropriate in an Art Nouveau interior.
It is not difficult to add armrests to the design of the chair. It is necessary that they fit into the overall design, are located at a comfortable height and do not limit the seat space excessively. Perhaps, when adding armrests, it will be necessary to completely revise the assembly of the chair, radically change the drawings and think about a different kind of connection of all parts. However, armrests are worth paying due attention to in the design of chairs made of wood. Photos of original finds and ideas that have already been implemented can inspire your own non-trivial projects or show in which direction you should look for your own style.
You can make wooden chairs with your own hands as comfortable furniture with a soft seat and back. Plywood with a thickness of 4-6 mm is most often chosen as the basis. For the softening layer, furniture foam rubber, felt, polyurethane foam, latex, etc. is taken: 4-6 cm of total thickness will be enough, density – 30-50 kg / m3. It is better not to consider sintepon and batting as a filler at all, because these materials are quickly crushed. The stuffing is cut according to the drawings of the chair and indent along all cutting edges up to 20 mm in the direction of reduction. The lining of the product can be bright and decorative or perform a purely practical function. Special furniture fabrics, dermatin, eco-leather or genuine leather are used as upholstery.
Combining a soft seat and a design with armrests, you can make a computer chair with your own hands. A novice craftsman will not be able to make a product with an adjustable backrest, but convenience, stability and reliability are quite achievable.
Useful advice! The assembly of all parts of the chair is pre-assembled dry. Only after careful fitting of the parts is the glue applied and the final installation is carried out.
Solid wood chairs: reliable and solid
To make a solid wood chair with your own hands is financially more profitable than from lumber. The array is cheaper, but it is necessary to take into account that the products from it are bulky and rough. For a country interior, such furniture will be a good choice. It can also be placed in the apartment, but only in a smaller version – for children. Environmental friendliness of the material and stable construction are the primary characteristics of children’s furniture. Solid wood is ideal for these requirements.
Children’s tables and chairs are made of moderately soft wood. Usually they try to use birch. The choice of material is due to the fact that all corners of furniture must be rounded off for the safety of the child, and with a wood species that is malleable to processing, it is quite easy to do this without specialized machines. Often some elements of the array are replaced with plywood. It allows you to reduce the cost of furniture, make the product lighter in weight and add design details that will be interesting to the child.
Increased requirements are placed on all surfaces of children’s furniture. They are especially carefully sanded and treated with water-based varnishes without toxic odors. Similarly (in accordance with a high level of safety), paints are selected. Ideas and drawings on how to assemble a wooden high chair with your own hands can be found on construction and other thematic sites on the Internet.
How to make a folding wooden chair by yourself
A folding chair is the second most practical and convenient device for sitting after a stool. It can be used at home, in the country, take with you on a picnic or fishing. The product is easy to transport, easy to store. There are enough advantages in the application, however, making a folding chair with your own hands may cause concern that incorrect calculations will not allow the structure to transform correctly.
Folding chairs made of wood or plywood are made with their own hands. The array for such products is not purchased, because due to its heaviness, the advantages in lightness and mobility are lost. Drawings of folding chairs with their own hands are very popular on the Internet. If desired, you can watch a video demonstrating the manufacturing process and choose a model with a back of various shapes or without it at all. To assemble one of the popular samples, you need to prepare:
- legs 4 pcs. of timber or board (40×20 mm) with a length of 470 mm;
- crossbars for seating 4 pcs. of timber or board (40×20 mm) with a length of 320 mm;
- legs 2 pcs. – cut out the same as the crossbars for sitting (40x20x320 mm);
- boards for sitting 2 pcs. (90×20 mm) + 2 pcs. with dimensions of 60×20 mm, the length of all 4 blanks is the same – 350 mm;
- fixing tool – 6 pieces of bolts (6×40 mm), self-tapping screws with a length of 45-50 mm.
The assembly of the chair begins with the processing of all parts and the rounding of the ends. Then crosswise connect the legs of the chair with bolts. The connection point is located 60-100 mm above the middle of the parts so that the structure is more stable. It is necessary to pay attention to the symmetry so that both rear legs are external, and the front ones are internal. The caps of the bolts and nuts are melted. The crossbars of the seat are bolted to the assembled crosspieces: to the external parts – from the outside, to the internal ones – from the inside.
At the level of 100 mm from the lower edge of the legs, they are fixed with transverse slats (prolegs), securing with screws on each side. The seat is formed from boards that fit in the following sequence: wide, narrow, narrow, wide. The distance between the boards is 15-20 mm. At the final stage, the product is varnished or painted.
Useful advice! To make sure that the drawing and calculations are correct, make a preliminary layout of a chair made of cardboard.
Some useful ideas for folding chair designs
A folding chair can be made with your own hands as an armchair. To do this, you need to find a suitable design and choose a more comfortable one from several models. It will be a seat and a backrest not with soft filling, but the issue of comfort is completely solved by additional pillows and small mattresses.
You can assemble an original garden chair-a chair made of wood with your own hands. The drawings of the folding model are very simple. The materials will require a bar of the same cross-section (45×30 mm), strong galvanized wire and staples for its fastening. It is required to carefully cut the blanks of a given length, maintaining symmetry:
- seat – 6 pcs. 375 mm long + 2 pcs. 875 mm long for the rear legs of the chair;
- dividers – 9 pcs. 228 mm long to create a transitional section from the seat to the back;
- backrest – 4 pcs. 787 mm long + 2 pcs. 745 mm long + 2 pcs. 1050 mm for the front legs.
The assembly of the chair consists of combining parts according to the scheme in a staggered order. To fix all the workpieces into a single structure, holes are drilled at the same distance from the edge, into which the wire is threaded. Its free ends are fixed on the outside of the chair with metal brackets.
The frame of a folding chair made of wood is always carried out, which contributes to the reliability and stability of furniture. There are options for combining materials for the backrest and seat. Very dense fabric is most often used. The result is an ergonomic easy chair like a chaise longue.
There are other options when holes are made at the same distance along the guides of the backrest. A strong twine is threaded through them, and the free space for the back is filled with weaving from this twine.
You can make a wooden chair yourself without having any carpentry experience at all. Modern tools, ready-made drawings and instructions allow you to perform the work accurately enough. Over time, the skill will increase, which means that more refined and exclusive models will be obtained.