Wood milling cutter for manual milling machine: varieties and characteristics of products
From this article, you can find out what a cutting element such as a wood cutter for a manual milling cutter is. The text contains a detailed classification of products: the main varieties and features of parts, their technical characteristics and practical use. The article contains useful recommendations that will help determine the choice of cutters for hand tools.
What is a milling cutter, what is the purpose of this cutting element
The manual milling cutter is a convenient and effective tool designed for processing lumber, including shaped, as well as flat surfaces. In addition, this device is suitable for the formation of various technological recesses, for example, grooves, ridges, recesses for the installation of hinges. To do this, it is enough to buy milling cutters of the appropriate configuration. Each such element has individual design features and is used to perform certain functions.
Purpose of a manual wood cutter:
Professionals know dozens of options for using cutters on a manual milling cutter. However, in order to correctly determine the choice of cutting parts for the tool, it is advisable to study the official classification of existing products. Having figured out what kind of cutters are and the features of their use, it will be much easier to make a choice.
First of all, you need to pay attention to the unit of measurement of the shank diameter. Millimeters or inches can be used for this. The unit of measurement depends on the type of collet, which are included in the complete set of the milling cutter. These components are designed to clamp the shank. If the size is calculated in millimeters, then the most common options will be products with a diameter of 6, 12 and 8 mm. If inches are taken as the unit of measurement, in this case it will be possible to buy cutters for a manual milling cutter in only two sizes — ½ and ¼.
Pay attention! It is impossible to combine a millimeter shank and an inch collet and vice versa. This may cause the tool to break.
Types of milling cutters for hand-held wood milling cutter: types of structures
There are dozens of variants of products with different purposes and costs on the market. If we consider the structural features of the cutting elements, we can distinguish the following types of wood cutters for a manual milling cutter:
Types of wood cutters: classification of products by type of blades
Milling cutters can have vertical, spiral or inclined blade arrangement. Products with straight edges will be cut down pieces of wood from the workpiece, which increases the likelihood that chips will appear during the cutting process. As a result, the milling quality is significantly reduced. This does not happen with inclined blades.
Consumers can buy wood cutters with two types of blades:
Products with carbide blades have a higher temperature coefficient and have improved characteristics, which affects their cost.
Classification of milling cutters: overview of the main types of products
Milling cutters are rotary parts studded with teeth. These elements are available in various configurations. Milling cutters can be used to process metal and plastic surfaces, but most often they are used to work with wood.
There are the following types of products:
- end faces;
- cylindrical or grooved straight;
- shaped elements, which can be both grooved and edged;
- disk, etc.
Useful advice! If you periodically lubricate the support bearing, you can increase the service life of the part.
Features of Wood end mills for Hand tools
Wood end mills for a manual milling cutter have cutting edges on the end side of the working part. At the same time, they work not only due to the use of axial load. These cutters also use side edges, due to which it becomes possible to move the rotational element in the plane of the support platform on the milling cutter. As a result, it is possible to obtain various samples and grooves in the wood. Such parts may have different numbers of cutting edges, which affects the purity of processing.
In most cases, end mills have a monolithic construction, but sometimes you can also find composite ones, for example, crown cutters, used as cutters for wood drills. This option is used in cases where there is no manual milling cutter at hand.
This product category includes the following types of milling cutters:
- end faces;
End mills on wood are used to form grooves of various configurations and sizes. They are suitable not only for the manufacture of wooden products, but also for creating spike/groove joints. Therefore, end mills are often classified as grooved products.
Profile cutters are an extensive group of components for performing such tasks:
- processing of the end part;
- formation of grooves with a complex configuration;
- surface decoration with ornaments.
Borfrez on wood has another name – sharoshki. They are designed for making holes with a certain configuration. Such cutters are used at the intermediate stage of processing. In addition, they can be used to make the final configuration of some parts.
Classification of edge cutters on wood for a manual milling cutter
Edge cutters are the most common group, since hand tools are most often used for the manufacture of edges on products made of wood. Even in large sets, the main part of the parts are edge cutters. This option is more preferable for home craftsmen. It is easier to buy a set of wood cutters for a manual milling cutter than to select these elements one by one.
This group includes:
- profile – to give an intricate shape to the edges of the product;
- kalevochnye or shaped – to round off the edge, while obtaining a convex shape on the ¼ circle;
- taper – designed for chamfering at an angle, the most common option is 45 °;
- disc cutters for wood – for forming grooves in the edge part of the product;
- folding – designed to sample a quarter in the edge part of the product;
- galtelnye – used to make grooves in the edge on the ¼ circle;
- figureline – designed for the manufacture of the edge of the panels.
In most cases, edge cutters are equipped with a thrust bearing. This element restricts the movement of the tool, preventing it from sinking into the wood. In this case, the cutting part of the part can be located above or below the bearing. By setting the tool support pad to a certain position, you can adjust the depth of the cutter departure.
Useful advice! If the milling cutter makes large cuts, it is desirable to carry out the processing of the product in several stages, each time sinking it into the material until the support bearing works.
In some cases, there is no bearing in the milling cutter design. To work with such a detail, you will need a template and a copy sleeve or a parallel stop. The size of the kalevochny cutters depends on the height of the cutting part. If the profile has several curves, then the manufacturer specifies the dimensions of the largest diameter that can be obtained using such a part. Moreover, the distance between the cutting parts can be adjusted at your discretion.
Figureline cutters of the horizontal type have a large diameter and weight. Such elements require a lot of cutting effort, for this reason they are made exclusively with a 12 mm shank. These cutters are designed for a milling cutter with a stationary design.
Manual wood milling cutter: features of the tool and its scope of application
Component parts, operating instructions. Recommendations on the choice of designs and an overview of the best models.
Classification of grooved wood cutters for manual milling
The main purpose of the groove cutter for wood is to make grooves in the wood – grooves.
There are several varieties of such cutters:
- galtelnye – these parts are designed for the manufacture of semicircular grooves;
- conical – elements are used to apply threads to flat surfaces;
- spiral wood cutters for a manual milling cutter are in many ways similar to the end elements. However, they have a more pronounced cutting edge located on the outside. In fact, the design of a spiral wood cutter resembles a drill bit;
- T-shaped cutters for forming grooves of the appropriate shape;
- elements of the “Dovetail” type;
- grooved straight wood cutters are cylindrical parts forming a groove with a rectangular cross section;
- combined – milling cutters are used to connect large-sized wooden boards.
The combined elements include spike/groove cutters. Most often, such elements have a monolithic structure, but there are also variants equipped with carbide cutting edges. They are used for splicing workpieces.
Copy cutters or straight ones are the smallest group of components for a manual milling cutter. Among themselves, these parts differ in the number of cutting edges, dimensions, as well as the nature of the placement of thrust surfaces and bearings, which can be located both above and below. There are also options with double-sided placement in relation to the cutting part. During operation, the bearing moves according to a template, which makes it possible to obtain a part of the required configuration from the workpiece.
The head of the milling cutters has a rounded shape. The resulting groove in the section looks like the letter “U”. The walls of the recess can be rounded immediately at the surface itself, or they can be located at right angles for some time. It depends on the cutting depth.
Pay attention! Despite the fact that the “galtel” is considered a semicircular notch, cutters forming a V-shaped groove are also included in this category. If in the course of work it is necessary to make grooves with different angles of inclination of the walls, it is desirable to have an appropriate set of wood cutters for a manual milling cutter, where there are cutting elements of different configurations.
Wood milling cutter for manual milling machine: choosing the optimal set for work
Buying a suitable tool for wood processing is not a guarantee of an excellent result. In order for the processing of the material to be accurate and of high quality, it is advisable to purchase good equipment. For these purposes, sets of wood cutters for a manual milling cutter are designed, which include a set of cutting parts suitable for performing certain jobs.
What are the best wood cutters to buy for a manual milling cutter
When choosing equipment for a manual milling machine, you need to pay attention to the main criteria:
Before you purchase a set of wood cutters, you should pay attention to the quality of soldering. It must be made so that during long-term operation the tool does not lose its longitudinal stability. This is especially true when products made of solid wood, for example, pear, hornbeam, oak, etc. are used in the work.
Solders of the following brands are considered to be of high quality: PSr 37,5 and PS p40. They are characterized by an increased content of copper and silver. If a different brand of material is used for soldering the plates and the shank, most likely, nickel is present in its composition, which does not provide the necessary level of strength of the joints. It is not allowed to use elements in sets of milling cutters for a manual milling cutter in which the working cutting part is connected to the shank by welding. Such equipment is not the best option.
Monolithic milling cutters also need to be checked for the hardness of the manufacturing material. This operation can be performed at home. To do this, it is enough to walk through the working part of the milling cutter with a calibrated file. If there are no visible marks on the surface, it means that the element is made of high-quality material. The optimum hardness is 58-62 HRC.
Pay attention! The quality of work also depends on the availability of additional devices. Therefore, it is advisable to purchase a set of templates and stops.
A brief overview of the catalog of Anchor milling cutters for a manual milling machine
Very often, manufacturers offer craftsmen to purchase a ready-made set designed to perform the same type of work. For example, some Anchor wood cutters for a manual milling cutter are combined into kits that allow you to get a certain result. Such sets are used to make identical joints or wooden products. Moreover, in the second case, the cutters allow you to complete a full processing cycle.
In the catalog of Anchor cutters there are sets with different numbers of elements. For example, a set consisting of two combined frame cutters with a 12 mm shank can be used to create frame products. These elements are designed not only for the formation of the inner edge. They can be used as corner splice cutters for a manual milling cutter.
With the help of such a set, you can create not only frame products, for example, thin window covers, but also splice wooden boards into large shields.
Of course, each of the cutters in this kit can act as an independent element, with which you can perform other operations for processing wooden products.
Consumers can buy a set of Anchor wood cutters for the manufacture of lining. With the help of these elements, it is possible to form the edge of wooden products, which can later be used for interior finishing works. In addition, the manufacturer offers sets of decorative cutters, which can include from 4 to 12 elements with different configurations. The average price of the sets is in the range from 1370 to 8300 rubles.
Overview of the catalog of wood cutters for the SMT manual milling cutter
The products of the Italian manufacturer SMT are in high demand among consumers. On sale are individual cutting elements and whole sets designed to perform various jobs.
The catalog contains the following types of SMT wood cutters for manual milling:
- grooved and terminal;
- for furniture strapping and splicing;
- T-shaped and “Dovetail”;
- kromochnye kalevochnye;
- jointing and chamfering.
The kits offered by the manufacturer are designed to perform certain types of work or to form specific compounds. The buyer can purchase a ready-made kit designed for the manufacture of doors, furniture facades, lining, strapping and various bindings. The cost of the kits varies between 5610-63000 rubles.
Buying hand-held wood cutters: the price of popular types of products
Wood cutters are suitable not only for the manufacture of solid wood products. These elements can be used for processing lumber such as plywood, chipboard, veneer, fiberboard, etc.
Average prices for Anchor cutters:
|Type of milling cutters||Type||Price, rub.|
|Grooved||Galtelnye V-shaped||from 185|
|Structural T-shaped||from 202|
|Semi – stemmed||from 519|
|Kalevochnye adjustable||from 1500|
|Multi – profile||from 1570|
The existing range of components for a manual milling cutter has several classification options. These products differ in design, the structure of the teeth, as well as the material of manufacture. By selecting a cutter with the necessary characteristics, you can create an edge, grooves, ledges, grooves and other elements of the desired size and configuration in a wooden workpiece. In addition, cutting parts are used to install various functional and structural elements. For example, hinges, locks, latches.