Wood-burning stoves for cottages: a variety of designs
Modern technologies have made a significant step forward in terms of home improvement, but wood-burning stoves for cottages have not lost their relevance. Country and country houses lag far behind apartments in matters of heating of living rooms. Stove heating, which uses firewood as fuel, helps to effectively maintain comfort in rooms of this type.
Wood-burning stoves for cottages: classification and general features
The old furnace structures of the classical type were made of brick. With the advent of new technologies, the range of products has expanded significantly. The main advantages that modern wood-burning stoves have acquired are mobility and compact dimensions. The material used to make the case has also changed. In most cases, metal or cast iron is used.
Pay attention! In metal structures, the outer walls are covered with a special dye with heat-resistant properties for protection. In some cases, stone cladding is performed.
Advantages of modern models:
- simple operation system;
- quick and easy installation scheme (no need for preparatory work);
- versatility (several fuel options can be used: firewood, coal, waste from the woodworking industry);
- the ability to work in a long-term gorenje mode;
- high level of efficiency;
- environmental friendliness;
The device of a standard stove for a wood-burning cottage
If you do not delve into the features of each manufacturer and the characteristics of individual models, the structure of a standard furnace for a metal or cast-iron cottage is in most cases the same.
The design includes:
- fuel chamber (furnace) – the area in which the combustion of fuel occurs;
- ash pit – a chamber with a small capacity, where ash accumulates;
- grate – an element made of cast iron and containing coals;
- heater – tray with stones (used in furnace structures installed in baths);
- the chimney is an element designed to remove gorenje products and carbon monoxide.
Only a specialist can navigate the variety of metal and cast-iron stoves for a wood-burning cottage. Many of them have additional functions, which expands the functionality.
Overview of stoves for a house with wood for long-term gorenje. The principle of operation of stoves for a house on firewood of long gorenje. Types of wood-burning stoves of long gorenje. Installation and operation of furnaces.
Additional elements include:
- afterburning contour (there may be several of them);
- cooking stove;
- smoke exhaust intended for auxiliary heating;
- a module whose main purpose is the generation of electrical energy (Cryotherm).
Installation of structures is possible not only in country houses, but also in baths, cottages, greenhouses. Even the installation of outdoor stoves for cottages, designed for both heating and cooking, is carried out.
Classification of wood-fired furnace structures
Classification of structures is carried out on the basis of various features. As one of them, the material from which the walls are made is considered. There are many variations of metal, brick and cast-iron stoves for wood-burning cottages.
Advice! The modern range of products allows you to choose designs of universal modification. You can purchase a furnace that will work on almost any energy carrier. You can use a variety of fuel options, up to sawdust, pellets and even rubber.
According to the purpose of the furnace is divided into the following types:
- heating – products are used to heat rooms in the house;
- heating and cooking (they are distinguished from the previous version by the presence of additional equipment in the form of stoves designed for cooking or heating food);
- drying ovens – have additional equipment (oven, drying compartment, chimney for the summer season, samovar, hot water box);
- furnaces-boilers are an important element of the heating and water supply system in a house, sauna or bath (there is a water circuit).
A variety of stoves for giving wood-burning long gorenje
Complete combustion of firewood in a conventional furnace takes place in three hours. Long-term gorenje constructions have an adjustable air supply mode. Due to this, a firebox with a single firewood tab can keep burning for 12 hours. Gorenje Thanks to this feature, it becomes possible to carry out full-fledged heating without constant replenishment of firewood in the furnace.
A large amount of fuel is put into the furnace. The firewood is set on fire from above. Due to this, the energy carrier does not burn, but is subjected to decay. As a result, the period of complete burnout is significantly increased. Heating efficiency increases.
The main characteristics that are used when choosing products are efficiency, resource, level of environmental friendliness, as well as the power of the structure. Models produced by different companies may have significant differences in installation issues.
According to the type of placement , furnace structures are:
- classic – installed under the wall;
- insular – installation is carried out in the central part of the room;
- symmetrical – all elements of the furnace obey the principle of strict symmetry;
- angular – have an angular type of placement.
The average efficiency is 90%. The operation of long-burning furnaces is safe, the appearance of the structures is attractive. Gorenje They are not susceptible to deterioration under the influence of temperature changes and corrosion.
Features of cast-iron wood stoves for cottages
Cast-iron stoves for cottages cannot be used as the main type of heating. In country houses, they serve as additional heat sources or are considered for an emergency. With their help, the problem of lack of access to the gas pipeline or electrical network is solved.
Harmful products that are released during gorenje must necessarily be brought out. For this purpose, a sleeve or a chimney is provided. In this case, it has a corrugated structure.
Pay attention! Heating of the room with a cast-iron furnace is carried out very quickly. This is one of the main advantages. The blower helps to preserve heat for a long time.
The dimensions of cast-iron stoves for giving wood-burning gorenje are very compact. Their work is accompanied by a high efficiency index. Such products also have disadvantages. They are not numerous, but they create certain inconveniences. Such disadvantages include high requirements for fuel quality, as well as some features of chimney sealing.
Furnace structures equipped with a stove are unpretentious in care. They require much less attention than two separate structures, the purpose of one of which is cooking, and the second is heating the room.
Characteristics of metal products
Metal furnaces are made of heat-resistant steel. The properties of this material contribute to the rapid heating of the room. At the same time, its thickness is small, so the heat cannot be retained in the room for a long time.
To achieve a long-lasting effect, manufacturers use stainless steel. Based on this, metal products are divided into thin-walled and thick-walled furnaces. The first of them are used as permanent heating structures, the second are installed for periodic use as needed.
Stainless steel products have disadvantages. The area of placement of seams in them is the weakest place. It is not recommended to heat such an oven quickly. This can lead to cracks in the housing.
The heyday of the production of bourgeois stoves for cottages on firewood occurred in the first half of the 20th century. They were the forerunners of modern metal products. The spread of gas stoves and central heating systems gradually displaced the bourgeoisie from the list of items of general use. But country and country houses are still dependent on stoves, whose structures are completely made of metal together with the chimney.
Features of brick stoves for cottages
Brick kilns are among the most reliable and expensive product options. The chimney in them has a special serpentine shape, thanks to which the heat in the heated room persists for a long time. A brick oven cannot be compared with a metal structure in terms of rapid heating of the room. This disadvantage is compensated by the ability to keep warm for a long time.
Advice! The brick structure can be used for cooking. Installing a barbecue oven for a cottage in the yard is an excellent choice. The versatility of the product allows you to use it in one more quality: the fireplace will complement the interior of the room well.
Wood-burning brick stoves have their own classification, within the framework of which structures are distinguished:
- heating and cooking type – they are equipped with a stove, are able to provide efficient heating of several rooms and cooking;
- fireplace type – brick and metal serve as materials for their manufacture (in addition to full-fledged heating of premises, they are able to aesthetically improve the interior);
- Russian type – massive products supplemented with a couch (in addition to heating rooms and cooking, large structures can be used for other purposes, for example, drying herbs, mushrooms, apples; they are suitable even for taking water procedures).
What is more profitable: buying or erecting a stove for a wood-burning cottage with your own hands
Proper organization and subsequent operation of a brick cottage furnace with your own hands can provide an ideal balance between the heat losses of the room, which are inevitable, and the heating itself. Therefore, in the room where such a design is installed, the same temperature regime is almost always maintained.
Basic requirements for furnaces:
Pay attention! External aesthetics is also important. Sloppy design can spoil the appearance of the room. Therefore, it is better to entrust the construction of the furnace structure to professionals or to purchase a finished product from another material.
Prices for the purchase and construction of furnaces
It can be much cheaper to buy a wood-burning stove for a cottage than to build a structure yourself.
Prices for finished products:
|Teplodar (Rus panorama)||10000-15000|
As a result of the construction of the furnace with your own hands, you can achieve optimal parameters and a suitable appearance. This design can be perfectly adjusted to the size of the room. The same applies to those cases when a specialized company is engaged in the construction of the furnace.
Prices for the construction of a brick kiln:
|Type of work||Cost, rubles|
|Professional installation of the furnace (with consumables)||40000-60000|
|Professional laying of bricks (1 pc.)||100-300|
|Self-laying of bricks (1 pc.)||10-150|
|Consumption of bonding solution (1 m3)||2000-2900|
The final cost depends on the price of consumables, their quantity. The high cost of brick structures is obvious, but they also provide a lot of advantages. The choice of the furnace depends on the wishes of the consumer and his budget possibilities. With finished products made of metal or cast iron, there is much less hassle. But here it is very important to choose the optimal model and a quality manufacturer.