Which construction vacuum cleaner to choose: an overview of the best models and useful tips
During construction and repair, a large amount of dirt, dust and debris is formed, the cleaning of which takes a lot of time and effort. A construction vacuum cleaner will help solve this problem. The effectiveness of the device depends on how well its characteristics are selected. From this article, you can find out which construction vacuum cleaner to choose for solving problems of varying complexity and which indicators should first pay attention to.
Features of construction vacuum cleaners: industrial appliances
A vacuum cleaner for construction debris and an ordinary household appliance have a similar structure and principle of operation, but each of them is designed to solve certain tasks. This is their main difference, which is reflected not only in the design features, but also in the characteristics.
To choose a construction vacuum cleaner that will meet the quality requirements, you need to take into account the main criteria:
- conditions in which the device will be operated (type of contamination);
- performance and power characteristics;
- degree of dilution;
- capacity of the dust collector;
- housing material and characteristics;
- availability of additional features and functions.
A household vacuum cleaner is able to cope with cleaning light household dust and small debris particles. He will not be able to lift small stones left after repairs or finishing works. With the help of such a device, it will not be possible to remove construction dust, because when suction is still a significant part of the garbage will return back to the room along with the air flow.
Pay attention! If construction dust gets into the engine of a household vacuum cleaner, it can completely disable it.
As for the industrial vacuum cleaner for concrete dust, this device is designed specifically for the collection of construction and industrial waste. And only he can cope with such a volume of work. The construction analogue differs from the usual unit with a shock-resistant housing and a high-power engine. Hoses for industrial vacuum cleaners have an increased diameter, which allows the device to remove debris of a fairly large size, for example, remnants of finishing materials.
Due to its improved characteristics, the industrial device can also be used for other tasks:
- drainage of pool surfaces (bottom and walls);
- elimination of small dust particles remaining on the tool after its use (for example, on a punch);
- removal of remnants of old plaster.
Industrial vacuum cleaners for industrial premises can cope with cleaning large areas, because they are able to work without interruption for a long time, and also have a considerable volume of dust collector. Due to this, the weight of such structures has increased. Most models have a multi-stage filtration system, so that the cleaning result is more qualitative.
The internal structure of the vacuum cleaner and the principle of its operation
The principle of operation of an industrial and household vacuum cleaner is the same. An electric motor drives a fan installed inside the structure. As a result, a strong vacuum is created. The air flows together with garbage and dust through the hose are directed to the area with reduced pressure.
Most of the garbage that gets inside the vacuum cleaner is trapped in the dust collector. Smaller particles suspended in the air are captured by additional filters. When the flows pass through a multi-stage filtration system, the purified air returns to the room through the outlet. Vacuum cleaners for construction dust can be used to collect dirt both during work (preferably) and after its completion.
If cleaning of the working area is planned, it is necessary to rigidly fix the vacuum cleaner hose in the immediate vicinity of the workpiece. This method allows you to reduce the amount of dust in the air during operation.
Important! The hose should be placed as close as possible, but it should not interfere with the work.
Many models of modern tools have a system designed to remove construction debris. For example, stroborezy are always used in conjunction with vacuum cleaners. This allows not only to increase the processing speed, but also to maintain accuracy. The drainage system has the form of a branch pipe, which is connected through a hose to a construction vacuum cleaner for a stroborez.
In this case, the amount of debris in the air and on the workpiece that is currently being processed is minimized. Of course, this method has drawbacks, because a hose connected to a hand tool will interfere with work. However, this slight discomfort does not negate the advantages of this method.
Construction vacuum cleaners can be used even after all manipulations are completed. Cleaning in the room and at the workplace in this case is carried out in the traditional way.
Bags and filter systems for industrial vacuum cleaners
According to the type of dust collector, industrial vacuum cleaners are bagged and bagless. Designs with bags can be completed with disposable paper products or reusable (made of fabric). In some models, the type of bag can be selected by the user at will, in other devices, the choice is clearly spelled out by the manufacturer’s recommendations.
The cleaning system includes not only a dust collector, but also filters that perform fine air purification. They can be disposable and reusable. Nylon products are designed to trap small dust particles. Polyurethane filters are present in washing vacuum cleaners. There are also products made of other materials on sale, but they are all of synthetic origin.
The task of the filter for construction vacuum cleaners is to catch small dust particles that could not linger in a bag or other dust collector. The quality of cleaning depends on its effectiveness. In addition, the filter prevents premature engine wear.
Important! Filters, like dust collectors, must be cleaned regularly. If this is not done, the performance of the unit may decrease, as well as the load on the electric motor will increase.
Advantages and disadvantages of fabric bags for industrial vacuum cleaners
Reusable cloth bags are the most common variant of dust collectors, since they are present even in home vacuum cleaners. After filling, the product must be emptied. To do this, the contents of the bag are carefully shaken out, and it is installed in its original place. The service life of fabric bags is quite long, so this version of the dust collector can be attributed to the budget category.
In the old models of vacuum cleaners, bags made of satin were used. Modern appliances are equipped with dust collectors made of synthetic fabrics. Recently, manufacturers have been actively using non-woven fabric in the production of reusable bags for industrial vacuum cleaners for concrete dust.
The main advantage of fabric bags is their low cost, taking into account a considerable number of filling cycles. However, these products also have disadvantages that must be taken into account. The fabric is able to hold only large particles, while fine-grained construction dust easily passes through the fibers. After that, it, together with the air flow, is ejected through the outlet of the vacuum cleaner and spreads throughout the room.
In the best industrial vacuum cleaners, fabric bags made of double-layer non-woven fabric are installed. Such a material traps particles whose size is only a few microns.
Advantages and disadvantages of paper bags for construction vacuum cleaners
Disposable paper bags can be classified as consumables. When the product is filled, it is not cleaned, but simply thrown away along with all the contents. On the one hand, this option is very convenient and saves time, on the other hand, it is accompanied by additional costs. Sooner or later, the cost of paper bags will exceed the price of an industrial vacuum cleaner.
In addition, the stock of disposable bags is quickly running out. This can happen at the most inopportune moment, and then you will have to quit work to go to the store for paper dust collectors.
Pay attention! Paper dust collectors are not universal. Not everywhere you can find bags for a specific model of vacuum cleaner. Therefore, it is better to find out in advance in which stores you can buy the appropriate type of products.
The use of disposable dust collectors has positive aspects. Such bags have excellent performance characteristics. Their efficiency is much higher than that of fabric products. Dust collectors made of paper can catch small dust particles, the size of which reaches only 0.3 microns. Thanks to this, the air in the room will remain clean. In addition, you do not have to change filters often.
If paper bags are used in a construction vacuum cleaner for industrial dust, you need to be more careful with cleaning large construction debris. Fragments of broken glass, metal shavings and sharp pebbles can damage the disposable dust collector.
Filtration systems in bagless construction vacuum cleaners
The category of bagless vacuum cleaners includes two groups that have structural differences. Container units (cyclone) and washing units (with aquafilters) are distinguished from the existing assortment. As in the case of bags, these types of dust collectors have both advantages and disadvantages, which you should definitely familiarize yourself with before buying a vacuum cleaner.
Features of Cyclone Construction Vacuum Cleaners without a Dust Bag
Cyclone construction vacuum cleaners have a built-in reservoir. Under the influence of centrifugal force, garbage and dust are collected in this container. Such models of electrical appliances have significant disadvantages. Firstly, they are characterized by a high level of noise exposure. During the cleaning process, solid particles entering the container repeatedly collide with its walls. Therefore, a working vacuum cleaner makes a lot of noise.
Secondly, container-type vacuum cleaners have a limited scope of application. The fact is that the cyclone of a construction vacuum cleaner is suitable for collecting exceptionally large debris particles. With fine dust, he copes worse. In addition, it is allowed to use such devices for cleaning moistened construction and production waste and water.
In some models of cyclone-type construction vacuum cleaners, the possibility of using bags is provided. The use of such dust collectors reduces the degree of contamination of the main filter during the operation of the device.
Useful advice! Cyclone vacuum cleaners are unable to capture particles whose size is less than 5 microns. Bacteria, plant pollen, mites, etc. fall into this category of garbage. To get rid of such particles, it is advisable to use additional nozzles for filtration in the form of sponges.
Construction vacuum cleaners without a bag with an aquafilter
Devices equipped with an aquafilter suck in air and pass this flow through the water. The liquid traps large-fraction debris that settles on the bottom. Smaller particles are sent to the next tank, which is also filled with water. It is called a separator, it is here that the remaining dust accumulates. This multi-stage cleaning system is highly efficient. Nevertheless, consumers are in no hurry to buy industrial cleaning vacuum cleaners, because their price is very high.
Rating of vacuum cleaners for the home from well-known manufacturers
The best vacuum cleaners from world brands. Popular models with different versions of the dust collector. Vacuum cleaners for wet and dry cleaning.
In addition, vacuum cleaners with water filters are not designed for cleaning a large amount of garbage. Water is the only consumable material in such structures. On the one hand, this feature can be attributed to the advantages of water vacuum cleaners. However, not always in the premises where construction or repair work is carried out, there is access to clean water in a large volume. This is especially true for remote objects, for example, country or country houses, garages.
Pay attention! In aquapylesos, the electric drive is cooled using air. To prevent moisture from contacting the power unit, some models provide different ways for cooling and purified streams. Choosing an industrial vacuum cleaner without a bag, it is worth giving preference to such safe and practical designs.
Rating of the best construction vacuum cleaners without a bag
Industrial vacuum cleaners without a dust bag are distinguished by a large list of performance characteristics. The cost of these units depends on the technical parameters and functionality.
Considering the extensive range of devices in stores, many buyers are experiencing difficulties in terms of choosing and objectively evaluating vacuum cleaners. Therefore, the main criterion is consumer reviews, as well as the demand for certain models, which can be traced by the ratings of the best aggregates.
Overview of the Kercher WD 3 PREMIUM construction vacuum cleaner
With a total design weight of 5.8 kg, the container of the Kercher WD 3 PREMIUM industrial vacuum cleaner has a large capacity. The volume of the dust and debris collection tank is 17 liters. This model is recognized by buyers as one of the most reliable. The design has a special cartridge filter. This component allows you to freely switch between wet and dry cleaning modes. At the same time, you do not need to resort to changing the filter.
Thanks to the blowing function, the air intake speed is significantly increased. This advantage is useful when harvesting leaves in the country. In the construction of the Karcher construction vacuum cleaner there is a unique locking system that provides quick access to the built-in container. This model eliminates the need to constantly buy dust bags. A 2 m long hose expands the radius of garbage collection, which makes the operation of the vacuum cleaner more convenient.
Advantages of the model:
- positive feedback from users on the network;
- aesthetic appearance;
- high quality;
- reinforced housing with increased safety margin;
- wet and dry cleaning modes.
The cost of this model of a construction vacuum cleaner is about 8000 rubles.
Characteristics of the Bosch GAS 20L SFC construction vacuum cleaner
In the category of the most efficient devices without a bag, the Bosch GAS 20L SFC industrial vacuum cleaner is recognized as the best. It greatly facilitates the work process, providing effective cleaning of dust, construction debris and dirt. The main advantage of this model is its wear resistance. The unit is able to work properly for many years, even with daily use.
Pay attention! Suction tubes in Bosch vacuum cleaners are made of metal and coated with anodized coating. Thanks to this, they do not break and do not bend during the cleaning process.
Consumers have also assigned the Bosch GAS 20L SFC industrial vacuum cleaner the status of a very light unit. The weight of the structure is only 6 kg. Among industrial devices, such an indicator is extremely rare. The presence of wheels facilitates the process of transporting the structure and makes it more mobile. Using the outlet located on the body of the vacuum cleaner, you can connect an additional device.
The display system allows you to control the degree of filling of the dust collection tank. The filter can be cleaned in semi-automatic mode, which allows the owner to save time.
Advantages of a vacuum cleaner:
- stylish design;
- reliable and durable housing;
- high resistance of internal mechanisms;
- the ability to connect electrical appliances;
- wet cleaning mode.
The only drawback of a vacuum cleaner is its high cost. The average cost of this model is 14,500 rubles.
Overview of the high-performance construction vacuum cleaner Makita VC2512L
In the category of devices with optimal capacity, the first line is occupied by the bagless industrial vacuum cleaner Makita VC2512L. This model shows itself perfectly when collecting construction debris, despite the average power rating of 1000 kW. The vacuum cleaner has a convenient Push And Wedge filter cleaning system. The length of the power cord is 5 m, which allows you to cover a large area during cleaning and increases the mobility of the structure.
Not only a container can be used for garbage collection, but also a bag. Both dust collectors can hold up to 25 liters. Thanks to the wheels, the vacuum cleaner can be easily moved from one place to another. This model can work in wet cleaning mode. The optimal technical characteristics of this vacuum cleaner will be useful to many owners during construction, finishing or repair work. The unit is able to cope with any amount of work, and therefore is suitable even for garbage collection in large rooms.
Advantages of the industrial vacuum cleaner Makita:
- large cable length (5 m);
- the container is made of stainless steel;
- wet cleaning mode;
- the package includes several additional attachments.
Like other models from this rating, this vacuum cleaner has a high cost (about 12,500 rubles). Many buyers will consider this a significant drawback.
Interesting fact! The company Makita appeared in 1915, and it was located in a small garage. At that time, the main focus of the company was the sale and repair of lighting equipment, transformers and electric motors.
Features of the industrial vacuum cleaner Dustprom PP-220/20.3-1.5
The Russian-made Dustprom vacuum cleaner can operate in wet and dry cleaning modes, so it is perfectly suitable for cleaning industrial premises and collecting garbage at construction sites. With a power of only 1500 watts, this model can suck air at a speed of 132 liters/sec. This was made possible due to the high rarefaction, which reaches an indicator of 300 mbar. The efficiency of cleaning does not decrease even with such low energy costs.
The manufacturer was able to achieve improved performance through the use of modern technologies in the production of industrial dust cleaners. For example, the hose of the device has a low aerodynamic drag. The filtration system is represented by two cyclones. In addition, a fine filter is installed in the structure.
The Dustprom universal vacuum cleaner is designed to work in harsh conditions, and you can use it around the clock. In order to protect the device from corrosion, the manufacturer has covered its body with a modern polymer material. Due to this, the operational life of this model has significantly increased.
The dust collection container is made of high-quality stainless steel. It can hold up to 20 liters. Having considerable power and a high performance indicator, this model is characterized by compact dimensions. For convenient transportation, large wheels and a special handle are provided in the design.
Rating of construction vacuum cleaners of the budget segment
Most consumers purchase construction vacuum cleaners for home use. Such buyers rarely pay attention to too powerful models. Not only the performance, but also the price of a construction vacuum cleaner depends on this indicator. In most cases, it doesn’t make sense to overpay for power and functions that won’t be used. In addition, budget models will appeal to buyers who are looking for a compact and lightweight electrical appliance.
Useful advice! When choosing a construction vacuum cleaner, it is better to give preference to models that do not have a composite, but a telescopic tube. It allows you to adjust the device to the user’s height.
Overview of the characteristics of the industrial vacuum cleaner Soyuz PSS-7320
According to consumer reviews, the Soyuz PSS-7320 vacuum cleaner is an example of an optimal combination of price and quality among budget models. Due to its technical characteristics, this unit will be very useful during repairs. On the body of the vacuum cleaner there is a socket designed to connect additional electrical appliances, which is an undoubted advantage and allows you to optimize the work process.
Paper bags with a volume of 20 liters are used as dust collectors in this model. They contain a large amount of construction debris. The vacuum cleaner can be used for both dry and wet cleaning. This unit is suitable for garbage collection in heavily polluted areas. At the same time, the design has a relatively small weight – 7.5 kg. The mobility of the device is provided by 4 wheels. They are durable and contribute to good stability.
Advantages of the Soyuz vacuum cleaner:
- the possibility of connecting an additional power tool;
- high efficiency;
- wet cleaning mode;
- acceptable cost (5400 rubles);
- in consumer reviews, Soyuz PSS-7320 is shown on the good side;
- roomy dust collector.
Among the disadvantages of this model is only a small length of the power cord, which is 1.5 m.
Advantages and disadvantages of the Bort BSS-1010 vacuum cleaner
In the rating of the best construction vacuum cleaners of the budget segment, Bort BSS-1010 occupies the second position. This model is very compact and weighs only 3 kg, so it is not only convenient to use, but also does not need a lot of free storage space. The volume of the garbage collection container is 10 liters. The vacuum cleaner has a wet cleaning function.
The electric motor of the vacuum cleaner develops a power of up to 1000 kW, which is an average indicator. This model is not able to cope with the cleaning of large debris, but it effectively eliminates dust, dirt and other small debris. The complete set of the vacuum cleaner includes two nozzles. One of them is standard, and the second is used for processing narrow slits. Thanks to these nozzles, the vacuum cleaner can work effectively on any surface.
Pay attention! Special niches are provided for convenient storage of nozzles in the vacuum cleaner housing.
Advantages of Bort BSS-1010:
- lightweight construction weight;
- compact dimensions;
- sufficient length of the power cord (2.5 m);
- wet cleaning mode;
- low noise level;
- affordable price (3000 rubles).
This model is not without its drawbacks. Among them are a small volume of a garbage collection container and a small capacity.
The third position of the rating of industrial vacuum cleaners: BISON PU-15-1200 M1
The cost of a small Russian-made vacuum cleaner ZUBR PU-15-1200 M1 is only 3700 rubles. This model got into the rating of the best units of the budget segment due to its favorable characteristics, as well as a long warranty (5 years).
This vacuum cleaner will help to clean up the garbage:
- in the premises after repair;
- in the workshop;
- in the garage;
- in the basement.
The engine is capable of developing power up to 1200 watts. The design of the vacuum cleaner is completely sealed, which ensures effective suction. The case part of the device is made of polyamide with a high margin of safety and impact resistance. This material does not corrode, has a light weight, so the vacuum cleaner itself is not weighted.
A HEPA filter is installed in the structure. It is designed for cleaning Class L contaminants, which include:
- cement, etc .
In their reviews, consumers note the high efficiency of cleaning. In addition, users confirm that during the 5-year warranty period, the unit works flawlessly, which is an indicator of its quality.
Advantages of a vacuum cleaner:
- acceptable cost;
- compact dimensions;
- modes of wet (in small volumes) and dry cleaning;
- the possibility of using reusable fabric bags;
- convenience due to the ergonomic handle, four stable wheels for transportation and light weight (4.5 kg).
In customer reviews, disadvantages are also indicated. Firstly, the removable nozzles do not fit tightly to the hose. Secondly, when you turn it on for the first time, an unpleasant smell of burnt plastic appears.
Pay attention! This model is compatible with some types of construction electrical tools.
Quality rating of construction vacuum cleaners: prices of mid-segment appliances
The more expensive the device, the more functions and features it provides. Some of them are not necessary, but they significantly facilitate the operation process.
Prices of industrial vacuum cleaners for concrete dust:
Place in the rating
Construction weight, kg
Volume of the dust collector, l
Metabo AS 20L
Bosch GAS 20 L SFC
Karcher WD 5 PREMIUM
Thomas SUPER 30S AQUAFILTE
Karcher MV 6 Premium
Makita VC 2512L
Makita VC 2012L
Bosch GAS 15 PS 0.601.9E5.100
Important! When choosing a construction vacuum cleaner with a power outlet, it is necessary to take into account the power of the devices that will be connected to it during operation.
Operation of construction vacuum cleaners: customer reviews
Many buyers regard reviews as one of the most important indicators of quality. This is due to the fact that the comments of consumers who have already checked the capabilities of a particular model during operation more broadly describe the strengths and weaknesses of vacuum cleaners:
“I purchased a Metabo ASR 50 L SC 602034000 construction vacuum cleaner as an addition to an old Bosch unit that is still working properly, but I would not like to drive it completely. The device functions perfectly, I tested it on a concrete grinder and on a stroborez. Filters are easy to clean. Another significant plus is the presence of a pollution indicator.
I would like the manufacturer to equip the wheels with brakes. Who decides to buy this unit, I advise you to immediately purchase brushes for it. Those that come as standard are not enough. Besides, they are not too convenient.”
Igor Hospitable, St. Petersburg
“I’ve been using the Nilfisk industrial vacuum cleaner for a couple of months now. I was looking for a device for cleaning apartments after repairs and decided to stop at the ATTIX 33-2L IC MOBILE 107412104 model. During this time, the vacuum cleaner has shown itself normally, excellent power, convenient to use. There is only one disadvantage – there is no place to store nozzles and pipes. Let’s see how he will behave over time.”
Dmitry Ivashin, Moscow
How to choose a construction vacuum cleaner for a stroborez
Vacuum cleaners used together with construction tools not only facilitate the workflow, but also serve as protection for the health of builders, who, by virtue of their profession, constantly have to deal with dust and garbage. Each master selects the unit for himself.
However, there is a general list of criteria that should be taken into account when buying a vacuum cleaner for a stroborez:
- compatibility of the diameters of the vacuum cleaner and the stroborez in the connection area;
- the devices must be combined with each other in terms of power level;
- suction speed (if this indicator is small, the vacuum cleaner will not be able to carry out high-quality cleaning);
- volume of the garbage tank;
- strength characteristics.
In high-quality vacuum cleaners, the housing is made of durable materials that can withstand strong impacts. The filtration system is also of considerable importance.
Pay attention! The more purification levels, the better the filtration system works.
In the rating of high-quality construction vacuum cleaners, to which the stroborez is connected, the first place, according to buyers, is occupied by the products of the company Makita. The devices are affordable and convenient to use. The second position is occupied by Kercher vacuum cleaners, which perfectly cope with the cleaning of dust that occurs during the processing of natural stone, brick, expanded clay, cinder blocks and concrete. The products of the German brand Bosch are worthy of attention. These vacuum cleaners, unlike the previous versions, suck up dust more slowly, but they perfectly remove static electricity.
The technology of manufacturing an industrial vacuum cleaner with your own hands
There are many ways to create an industrial vacuum cleaner at home. The most practical option involves the manufacture of a design based on a cyclone filter and a household vacuum cleaner.
In addition, the work will require:
- bucket with a lid of 20 liters;
- PP corners (45° and 90°);
- the tube is 1 m long and 45 mm in diameter.
To begin with, you need to make a hole in the lid of the bucket, where the 90° corner should be installed. The joint between these two parts must be sealed. To do this, you can use a construction gun and an adhesive compound. A second hole is formed to the side of it. Here you need to install a 45° angle. In this zone, the joints are sealed in the manner described earlier.
Then a corrugated pipe should be attached to the corner. It is desirable that it fits as tightly as possible, then you do not have to do additional sealing. A pipe from the siphon of the kitchen sink will be an excellent option. This product is easily put on a tube with a diameter of 45 mm and creates a tight connection with the vacuum cleaner hole.
To extend the service life of the cyclone, which can be installed above the bucket (saves space in the garbage tank) or in it (under the lid), you should use a nylon cloth.
The technology of making a homemade vacuum cleaner for construction debris is quite simple. Nevertheless, hundreds of budget models can be found on sale. They will do a good job of cleaning home workshops and premises after repairs. However, to use a vacuum cleaner for professional purposes and on an industrial scale, it is desirable to purchase more expensive and powerful modifications.