Water-cooled diesel tillers: types of equipment and tips for choosing
An indispensable assistant on a country plot is agricultural machinery. Universal devices are especially appreciated, and in this regard, a water-cooled diesel tillerblock knows no equal. Its use is relevant both on the site near a suburban private house and in the country – the equipment is reliable and has a wide scope of application. In the article we will understand how tillers are used and how to choose the model that is optimally suitable for specific conditions.
Water-cooled diesel tillers: scope of application
The demand for the purchase of inexpensive diesel tillers is growing every year, as well as the functionality and scope of application of this type of equipment is expanding. The tillerblock allows you to save time and effort during harvesting and processing of the infield. Also, the use of powerful diesel tillers is relevant when performing the following tasks:
- cargo transportation – the tillerblock easily performs the functions of a vehicle;
- energy generation – if necessary, the tillerblock acts as an autonomous electric generator;
- water pumping – the tillerblock can be used as a pump;
- carpentry – tillers are easy to use as a universal device for tasks in this area.
Given the versatility of this type of equipment, a tillerblock is necessary in every household. You just need to decide which model to prefer.
Classification of tillers and tips for choosing
There are many variants of tillers on the modern market. A variety of models allows you to choose the devices that are optimally suited to your needs. The main thing is to thoroughly study the existing possibilities before buying.
According to the type of engine, tillers are divided into gasoline and diesel. Depending on the manufacturer, the tillerblock can be domestic or foreign. In addition, it is important to understand what power of the device you need.
Pay attention! Due to confusion in terminology, many confuse tillers and tillers. The functionality of the latter is similar to the capabilities of a tillerblock, but much poorer. Therefore, before making a purchase, think about the type of work you need and decide whether you have enough of a motorcycle cultivator or still need to buy a heavy diesel tillerblock.
What should I prefer: a cultivator or a tillerblock?
In order to sensibly assess which of the varieties of equipment you need, and learn how to distinguish a motor cultivator from a motor unit, it is worth understanding the main characteristics of each of them.
Comparison of cultivator and tillerblock characteristics:
|Power, hp||up to 5.5||6-10|
|Weight, kg||up to 60||60-300 and more|
|Functional||soil treatment, plant care, harvesting||basic capabilities of the cultivator, use as a motor pump, electric generator, shredder|
For example, if there is a power take-off shaft, the functionality of the tillerblock is regulated by attachments. Thus, you can gradually expand the capabilities of this type of equipment. Moreover, it is not even always necessary to buy additional parts for this: a video of attachments for tillers with their own hands clearly demonstrates how to achieve greater functionality of equipment at home.
How to choose a diesel tillerblock with a power take-off shaft
When choosing a tillerblock, the power indicator of this equipment is of great importance. Naturally, a large farm and a small vegetable garden or a garden near the house require different characteristics from the equipment. Thus, in order to choose a motor unit of suitable capacity, it is necessary, first of all, to estimate the area of the site.
Useful advice! The power of the device also affects the price of a diesel tillerblock. Therefore, if a light or ultralight type of equipment is enough for the site, there is no need to choose a more powerful model and overpay.
When choosing a tillerblock, proceed from the following calculations. The power of the tillers depending on the area of the site:
|Plot area, acres||The required power of the tillerblock, hp.|
|up to 10||5|
|100 or more||at least 10|
Light and heavy diesel tillers: classification by power degree
Depending on the power, tillers are classified as follows:
The ultralight tillerblock weighs no more than 20 kg. The power of its engine does not exceed 3 hp. The width of such models is 30-40 cm. Such a device is suitable for processing a land plot with an area of no more than 10 acres. As a rule, ultralight models are used for loosening: the device is able to go deeper into the soil by no more than 8 cm.
Engines of such tillers are rarely diesel: usually two-stroke models operate on a combination of gasoline and oil, and four-stroke ones on pure gasoline. The main advantage of such models is ease of operation, ease and convenience of transportation.
The engine power of light tillers ranges from 3 to 5 hp, and the weight does not exceed 40 kg. The width of the grip is no more than 80 cm, and the depth of burrowing into the soil is 15-18 cm. Therefore, such a technique is applicable only for working on soft ground – it cannot cope with heavy soil due to its small weight. A suitable plot area for processing with such equipment is up to 30 acres.
The weight of medium-sized tillers reaches 60 kg, and the power of their engines is 6 hp. The capture parameter is up to 90 cm. They go deep into the ground by 28 cm, and one of the main advantages of such models is the ability to choose between front and rear gear, which greatly simplifies the processing of small and complex areas. This type of technique is optimal for hoeing and plowing. They often make a plow for tillers with their own hands or purchase a device complete with a small plow: such an addition significantly increases the efficiency of work. The suitable area for processing with such equipment is 1 ha.
The engine power of a heavy tillerblock exceeds 6 hp. Heavy diesel tillers of 12 hp can have a weight of over 300 kg, in general, devices of this category weigh from 60 kg. The capture of such models is 100 cm. Buy a 9 hp diesel tillerblock makes sense for processing plots with an area of 1 to 4 hectares. It is worth buying a 9 hp diesel tillerblock not only because of the power: heavy models have much wider functionality.
For example, a gearbox in a block with a four-stroke engine allows you to tow a load weighing up to 300 kg, as well as attach a revolving plow or a tilled cultivator.
Useful advice! You can buy a 12 hp diesel tillerblock equipped with attachments. However, if you wish, you can easily find a video of attachments for a tillerblock with your own hands: by doing everything yourself, you will not only save money, but also get a device perfectly tailored to your needs.
Choosing between diesel and petrol tillers
Many people prefer to buy a diesel engine for a tillerblock. But there are also gasoline models competing with diesel ones for leadership among garden equipment. Let’s look at the advantages and disadvantages of these types.
Petrol tillers: features and characteristics
As a rule, a gasoline tillerblock is purchased if it is necessary to process a small area of land – their maneuverability and lightness make it easy to cope with work in cramped conditions of a small area with a large number of plantings.
Gasoline models are cheaper both when buying and when repairs are needed, but the operation of the device itself is not cheap. The device of a gasoline tillerblock is simple: spark plugs give out a spark igniting the fuel. This scheme of operation allows you to run the device without problems in all weather conditions, and simplify the processing of the site.
As a result, the main advantages of gasoline models include:
- low cost;
- low noise (on average 30 dB less than diesel analogues);
- no vibration during use;
- the ability to operate even at low temperatures.
Diesel engines for tillers: main characteristics
The main feature of diesel engines is efficiency. For example, for every 100 km you will spend 2-5 liters less fuel than in the case of using a different type of equipment. A high coefficient of traction force allows the use of equipment at low speeds, which simplifies the long non–stop operation of the device – plowing, hoeing, cultivation.
The main advantages of diesel models include:
- economical fuel consumption;
- ease of use;
- the absence of candles, carburetor and magneto, which simplifies the maintenance of equipment;
- the weight of the device, providing good grip with the ground;
- high engine thrust rating;
- possibility to choose a model with water or air cooling.
Useful advice! The features of a diesel engine are that when idle for a long time without load, it quickly fails. To prevent this, you should turn on the motorized unit from time to time for 2-3 hours. This simple measure and a change of engine oil will noticeably prolong the service life of the device.
The only significant drawback of diesel models is the cost – the price of heavy diesel tillers averages from 30 to 60 thousand rubles. However, it has been verified that they more than recoup their investments with their power, efficiency, functionality and long service life. That is why most owners prefer these devices.
Russian-made diesel tillers and foreign models
The manufacturer is of great importance when choosing equipment. Both domestic and foreign models are represented on the modern market. They differ in their characteristics, as well as in the service base and cost: on average, the price of a 9 hp diesel tillerblock from a foreign manufacturer will be less than its domestic counterpart.
Japanese devices are famous for their efficiency, reliability and quality. However, when purchasing products from foreign companies, be prepared for the fact that components will have to be ordered directly from the manufacturer – in terms of the service base, domestic models certainly win over foreign ones. Consider the best models from different manufacturers.
The best models of Chinese diesel tillers
Among the sales leaders of Chinese manufacturers, Kipor tillers stand out. A variety of attachments gives the technique versatility, the unit is especially in demand in horticulture, where its main skills are relevant: mowing grass and harvesting and root crops. Drawings of a snowplow from a motor-block with their own hands allow you to adapt the device for cleaning garbage and snow, as well as to transport goods at a speed of 9.5 km / h.
Depending on the engine, the power of such equipment ranges from 4 to 6.5 horsepower. These tillers cannot be called the hardiest on the market, but they are budget-friendly, easy to operate and equipped with a special system that allows you to save up to 15% of fuel. The cost of Kipor equipment ranges from 35 to 50 thousand rubles.
Features of water-cooled tillers Foreman
It is also worth mentioning Foreman diesel tillers: good endurance, efficiency and favorable price make them worthy competitors in the equipment market. The company has been developing for more than ten years and over the years of its existence has managed to establish itself as a reliable reputable manufacturer.
The GT series is particularly popular among Foreman tillers. Its feature is the presence of an electric start system, which makes the device more versatile. The main features of GT series tillers include:
- compactness, which adds convenience when processing small areas with complex terrain;
- a wide range of fields of operation, from agricultural work to use by utilities for snow removal, solid fuel transportation and other tasks;
- the video of the trailer to the tillerblock shows with your own hands how to adapt the equipment for the transportation of goods, which is very convenient on the farm and much more economical than motor vehicles;
- possibility of year-round use;
- high traction characteristics that allow you to save fuel without loss in efficiency;
- the manufacturer guarantees protection against accidental ignition of the device;
- the headlights allow you to operate the motor unit at any time of the day, and also increase the convenience of using the device as a means of transportation;
- ease of operation: to use the equipment, it is enough to turn on the equipment, place the tillerblock on the site and monitor its operation. Thus, the use of a tillerblock does not require special efforts and skills, as well as physical effort.
Snowplow for tillers: the principle of operation and the basics of self-assembly
How to assemble it yourself. Options for making a snowplow. Characteristics of various models. Instructions for self-installation.
Features of Chinese Bison tillers
Bison diesel tillers stand out among Chinese products: this technique is distinguished by reliability and endurance. Uninterrupted efficient operation and durability allow you to handle large and complex areas. The large weight provides excellent grip with the ground, and the economy of this type of equipment makes the use of the device profitable.
An important difference between Bison technology and analogues is environmental friendliness. Manufacturers have applied the most modern achievements to reduce the degree of environmental pollution with harmful substances. In addition, the noise level during operation of the devices is noticeably reduced.
A variety of attachments gives the Bison tillers versatility. The choice is really great, you can use:
- water pumps;
- flat cutters;
In addition, the complete set of the unit usually includes a milling cutter.
Main features of Chinese Weima tillers
The Weima technique deserves special mention. The Garden Scout company, which produces this equipment, guarantees high-quality assembly and excellent equipment of the devices. First of all, they are distinguished by high power: 9 hp allow you to quickly and efficiently cope with any tasks. Best of all, such tillers show themselves in small and medium-sized areas.
It is important that Weima equipment is adapted not only for earthworks, but also for various household tasks. These tillers can act as:
- sawing machine;
- pumping station;
- hay mowers;
- potato planters;
- harvesting machine;
- the hilling nozzle.
The equipment has impressive dimensions and a weight reaching 140 kg, while maintaining maneuverability and excellent handling. The price of the unit depends on the configuration, as well as the type of engine and averages 35-55 thousand rubles.
The best models of Japanese diesel tillers
It is worth noting right away that Japanese models are inferior in popularity to domestic and Chinese ones, since the price of “Japanese” is noticeably higher than Russian and Chinese analogues. However, if you decide on an expensive purchase, Japanese equipment will delight you with high reliability and exceptional work efficiency for years.
First of all, it is worth paying attention to Yanmar devices. They differ in power and the ability to handle large areas. Thanks to the attachments, it is easy to carry out a wide range of tasks with the help of such tillers: in addition to tillage, the device is suitable for garbage and snow removal. The available 8 hp power of advanced models allows you to quickly cope with the tasks, and the ability to make a potato digger for a tillerblock with your own hands or purchase a plow, mower, harrow, rake, potato planter or bulldozer shaft make the device truly indispensable on the site.
Iseki company also stands out among Japanese products: it is reliable and practical, and numerous videos of minitractors from a motor-block with their own hands allow you to independently transform this technique into the configuration that best meets your needs.
Pay attention! If you decide to fork out for Japanese equipment, you should not choose the cheapest models among the “Japanese”: they are distinguished by limited functionality that is not compensated by attachments, because the low power and lightness of such equipment does not allow processing compressed soil.
The best models of Russian diesel tillers
Among the Russian manufacturers, there are many worthy companies for the production of water-cooled diesel equipment. Among them are Ugra diesel tillers, characterized by high safety, as well as power and long service life without loss of their characteristics. According to reviews, the Ugra tillers are among the most reliable devices on the modern market.
Attachments allow the equipment to cope with a wide range of tasks. So, the Ugra diesel tillers are optimal for:
- mowing grass;
- watering and spraying;
- planting and digging up root crops;
- cargo transportation;
The versatility of the device is determined by two power take-off shafts that provide connection to the equipment of a pump, a snowplow for a Ugra tillerblock or other functional-expanding attachments for Ugra tillers.
Among the most powerful models are diesel tillers Ugra 9 hp NMB-1N14. The model of the Ugra tillerblock with a Subaru NMB-1N10 engine is also popular.
Among the main advantages of the NMB-1 Ugra models are:
- gear drive gearbox and gearbox, as well as metal-ceramic clutch discs, guarantee the reliability of the equipment;
- there are no drive V-belts (usually causing breakage, slipping, slipping and other equipment operation problems) in these models;
- the presence of three forward and one reverse gearboxes guarantees ease of use of attachments and trailed equipment;
- the steering column is equipped with vibration protection, and can also be adjusted both horizontally and vertically;
- the tillerblock is made according to all European safety standards.
Thus, in order to get a multifunctional and reliable device, you can buy a Ugra tillerblock, or look at other well-known manufacturers.
Features and advantages of Salyut tillers
Among the top domestic models are Salyut diesel tillers. The manufacturer did not just adopt the features of the best analogues, but created an original device that is not inferior in characteristics to foreign leaders in the field. One of the “chips” of this technique is the displacement of the center of gravity downwards, which adds convenience to the tillers during operation.
In the modern market, the equipment is equipped with four-stroke engines, which can be of domestic or American origin. You can also buy a tillerblock with a Subaru, Honda engine or prefer the Chinese manufacturer Lifan.
The most affordable is the 5DK model: its package includes a Russian drive with high noise, but this option does not hit the pocket. The 5BS-1 model remains optimal in terms of price-quality ratio: at an adequate price, it has the best operational characteristics.
When planning to buy a Salyut 6.5 motorblock, you should count on the cost in the range of 30-40 thousand rubles.
The main advantages of this manufacturer ‘s equipment include:
- lower weight compared to similar models from other manufacturers;
- good maneuverability and handling;
- the presence of canopies to increase the mass of the device in case of excavation;
- allows you to provide well-plowed soil saturated with oxygen;
- simplicity of design and ease of operation;
- reliability and unpretentiousness;
- no large maintenance and repair costs.
Features of Neva diesel tillers
Another representative of the leading companies in the field of manufacturing tillers is JSC “Krasny Oktyabr” with the Neva equipment. The main advantage of this technique is its versatility. Among the possibilities of Neva tillers can be distinguished:
- harrowing and plowing of the soil;
- milling, hoeing;
- digging up root crops;
- preparation of furrows for root crops;
- shipping of cargo weighing up to 450 kg;
- cleaning of the territory from snow and debris.
The devices can be supplemented with a power plant, in addition, the products are safe and reliable.
Pay attention! Imported power plants allow not only to increase the engine life, but also to make the operation of the device more environmentally friendly.
One of the main advantages of this technique is the price – the Neva tillerblock will cost from 32 to 44 thousand rubles.
Features of the Favorite tillers
The main feature of Favorit equipment is the equipment exclusively with imported parts: the company uses American, Japanese, Chinese and Italian spare parts. The power of the Favorite tillers is up to 6 horsepower. Other advantages of these models include ease of operation, compactness, and ease of transportation.
The attachment significantly expands the functionality of the Favorite. With its help, it is easy to implement:
- mowing grass;
- water injection;
- garbage or snow removal;
- transportation of goods.
The complete set of the tillerblock includes specialized milling cutters for tillage: the kit can include from one to four parts, in addition, it is easy to find videos, drawings of the hoe for the tillerblock with your own hands and expand the functionality of the device yourself.
Thanks to pneumatic tires, the ground clearance is 150 mm, which allows you to achieve high maneuverability and functionality. Depending on the model, the price of the Favorite motorblock is from 40 thousand rubles.
Brief summary: how to choose a high-quality tillerblock
Tips that will help you choose a high-quality and functional diesel tillerblock:
Diesel tillers are not cheap, but these investments pay off in the first few months of operation. After all, with such a universal tool, you can easily put the farm in order, increase the harvest, and at the same time save your own time and effort.