Step-by-step production of warm beds with your own hands in spring: popular technologies
From this article, you can find out in what order the step-by-step production of warm beds with your own hands is carried out in the spring, as well as get acquainted with the basic rules of processing and soil preparation, study the most popular technologies for manufacturing structures for growing various vegetable crops, get access to basic information and video reviews. The text describes in detail the method of garden arrangement recommended by Igor Lyadov.
Step-by-step production of warm beds with your own hands in spring: basic information
Warm beds are the best design option that is suitable for growing most crops. Most often they settle down in the fall, but this process can be postponed to the spring. Of course, in this case, the technology has certain subtleties. Step-by-step recommendations, photos of warm beds and video reviews can be used as a visual aid for working on the site.
This type of beds is presented in the form of frames filled with:
- fertile soil;
Useful advice! If it is planned to arrange a vegetable garden in the spring, it is better to build a warm bed for cucumbers without manure. This component decomposes too actively, which can cause damage to plants.
Features and benefits of smart beds for high yield
Smart or warm beds have certain features that distinguish them from conventional designs.
What are the advantages of arranging warm beds in spring:
- plants receive the maximum amount of heat and nutrients regardless of the location and quality of the soil on the site;
- spring frosts will not be able to harm plantings that are reliably protected from freezing;
- plants do not need an additional dose of fertilizers, since the soil already contains the necessary nutrients;
- the presence of mulch in the filler slows down the evaporation of moisture. Thus, the plants will not dry up even without abundant watering on hot days, and the root system will not lack water;
- the layer of mulch effectively restrains weeds, so the bed requires minimal care. Weeds eventually dry up and undergo rotting, providing an additional amount of fertilizers;
- the designs allow, if desired, to transform warm beds into greenhouses. To do this, it is necessary to install arcs over the frame and stretch a film coating over them. Thanks to this, it will be possible to get an early harvest;
- the crop does not come into contact with the soil, so the fruits are kept clean and dry, preserving their freshness;
- if you stick to the correct crop rotation scheme every year, such a bed will last at least 4 years.
Making a warm bed with your own hands in spring: construction with drainage
First of all, you should determine the size of the future bed. This indicator is selected taking into account which vegetable crops will be grown later. In addition to the garden itself, paths are also applied to the plan of future construction. The best option for the arrangement of the garden will be long ridges with a convenient approach to them. The height of the structure depends on how deep the root system of the plants will be located. Sometimes warm beds can reach 1 m in height.
Useful advice! In order not to lose with the size of the bed, it is recommended to sketch a scheme of planting plants at the design stage. This will help you navigate and correctly calculate the number of structures, their size, as well as a beautiful location on the site.
How to make a warm bed with a drainage system in spring:
It does not hurt to think in advance about the possibility of installing arcs for the organization of a greenhouse and deepen the pipe segments in the necessary places.
Filling warm beds with fertilizers with your own hands
There are many schemes for filling the trench in order to increase the fertility of the soil. Therefore, many people have a question when creating a warm bed with their own hands, what to put first on the bottom of the structure and what the next layers should be. In fact, such a principle of creating a vegetable garden is based on the formation of a compost pit, due to which high-quality feeding of plants is carried out, heating of plantings due to the heat released during decomposition. As a result, the growth and maturation of crops is significantly accelerated.
Useful advice! If the construction of a warm bed in spring is carried out on peat soils, then it is recommended to put a cotton cloth pre-soaked in potassium permanganate on the grid. To do this, a solution of 2 g of potassium permanganate per bucket of water is prepared. About 2 liters will be required for 1 m2 of area.
The standard filling scheme looks like this:
As the top layer, fertile soil is used, which should be covered with straw.
Recommendations for making warm beds: video and filling table
It takes about 5-8 years for all fertilizers that fit into the design of a warm bed to fully rot. As a result, the usual fertile soil is formed in the frame. In the future, it can be effectively used in order to improve the physical condition of the soil in other areas of the suburban area.
Pay attention! It is strictly forbidden to use the tops of plants affected by diseases to fill the beds. Otherwise, the soil will turn into a hotbed of garden infections, from which planting can suffer.
Table of layer-by-layer filling of the bed
|Interlayers||Type of filler||Recommended layer thickness, m|
|1||branches and branches of large size, old boards||0,2-0,3|
|2||plant tops left over from last year||0,2-0,3|
|3||small-sized organic matter, manure, straw||0,15-0,2|
After the bed is filled, the structure is filled with a large amount of water, which must necessarily be warm. The maximum allowable volume of liquid is 7 buckets per m2 of area.
How to make a warm bed in spring: videos and recommendations for growing crops
A warm bed is suitable for growing almost any variety of crops. In some cases, structures can last more than 4 years, but the maximum possible period does not exceed 6 years. The fact is that plants pull nutrients and trace elements out of the soil every year, so in the first year to grow a crop, you need to select the most demanding vegetables in terms of heat and nutrition and gradually move on to less capricious crops.
In the first year, it is recommended to use a warm bed made with your own hands in the spring for cucumbers, cabbage, zucchini, pepper, tomatoes, pumpkin or eggplant. For 3-4 years, pepper, beets, potatoes, cabbage, beans and carrots are suitable. After this milestone, the soil loses most of its nutrient reserves, so unpretentious crops are planted on the bed. This category of plants includes salads, peas, celery, greens.
Useful advice! To ensure good air circulation, during the laying of the nutrient material, it is necessary to alternate dry components with raw fertilizers. It is not necessary to throw out the turf, which is removed from the surface during soil preparation. It can be mixed with plants laid as a second layer.
It is not recommended to plant plants with a tendency to accumulate nitrates in the first years of the garden operation. Therefore, it is better to postpone the planting of lettuce, onion, dill, parsley, beetroot and radish to a later date. Especially enterprising summer residents manage to harvest from the garden twice a season, planting salads and greens in early spring, and then using a warm bed for cucumbers or tomatoes.
There are many recommendations on planting crops in warm beds with your own hands on the web, video reviews of experienced summer residents can be used as a visual aid.
Tips from experienced summer residents on creating smart beds with their own hands: videos and technologies
Tips of experienced summer residents on creating warm beds in spring:
- to get a rich harvest from heat-loving vegetable crops, it is better to install beds along the southern wall of the building. For these purposes, both a residential house and any other buildings on the site are suitable, the main thing is that the plantings are not shaded for more than a couple of hours a day;
- the process of organic decomposition can be accelerated. For this purpose, special preparations are used that differ in biological activity;
- if the production of a warm strawberry bed was carried out correctly, then the garden will have good drainage characteristics and during heavy rains the plantings will be protected from flooding. The surface of the structure should be covered with a black film, which will not only create a greenhouse effect, but also protect the berries from dirt;
- the soil on high beds needs frequent watering. Abundant moisture contributes to the decomposition of the lower layer of fertilizers, which provides additional heat to the plantings;
- if wood is used as a building material, before making a warm bed for cucumbers, it is necessary to pre-treat all elements of the structure with an antiseptic. Lumber needs protection from rotting. An excellent result will be achieved by hot drying oil, with which wooden blanks are processed.
Pay attention! Experienced summer residents recommend making additional feeding of a warm bed in late autumn. To do this, the upper layer is partially opened, where plant residues and organic waste are poured throughout the autumn and winter.
The technology of creating a smart vegetable garden by Igor Lyadov: how to make beds for cucumbers
Igor Lyadov is a Russian agronomist who practices the method of traditional natural farming. This technique excludes the use of chemical fertilizers that pollute water and soil. The technology involves treating the soil in a gentle way, returning nutrients back to the ground after the plants are grown, as well as protecting the contents from temperature changes.
The construction of a warm bed for cucumbers in the spring allows you to avoid stagnation of water, dirt and disorder on the site. In fact, a vegetable container with fences made of timber, logs, boards, stone, slate or brick is being created on the territory.
Beds for the lazy: photos and recommendations for creating a vegetable garden
Simple and interesting designs that you can make yourself, tips for designing and planning a beautiful vegetable garden.
How to make a warm bed for cucumbers in spring from logs using Igor Lyadov’s technology:
Important! It is impossible to put perennial weeds inside the structure.
Layers of fertilizers need to be impregnated with an infusion of herbs or manure. A layer of earth 8-10 cm thick is poured on top of all this .
The technology of making warm beds in a greenhouse with your own hands
Narrow beds, which are created on the basis of Igor Lyadov’s technology, allow you to increase the growing season of plants, so that the harvest is rich regardless of what conditions the suburban area has.
How to make warm beds in a greenhouse using Igor Lyadov’s technology:
A sheltered warm bed of this type is ideal for early growing of strawberries, strawberries, greens and vegetable crops. In order for the plants to receive enough oxygen, the farmer recommends planting them in a staggered order. Eggplants, cabbage and other varieties of large crops are planted on the bed in two rows, smaller plants such as onions or radishes – in four.
The author’s method of growing vegetables in warm beds also includes recipes for infusions that can be prepared independently. They contain lactic acid bacteria and yeast fungi. These infusions are used as a natural alternative to chemical additives. The function of the starter is performed by braga. To do this, take 3 liters of water from the well, where he adds a package of dry yeast and 5 tablespoons of sugar. After 2-3 days, the resulting mixture will ferment.
Important! To prevent fungi from dying, the container with the infusion should be stored in the cold.
Features of feeding warm beds and Igor Lyadov’s amazing vegetable garden
All formulations of infusions are designed for a capacity of 200 liters. The mixture should be infused for at least a week. Before using, the herbal composition should be diluted twice, and the infusion of manure or manure is diluted even more.
The first recipe:
- sifted ash (shovel);
- bird droppings or manure (half a bucket);
- fallen leaves or rotted straw litter (bucket);
- humus, turf or rotted compost (shovel);
- clean sand (shovel);
- whey or fermented milk product (1 l);
- braga (3 l).
The second recipe involves filling the container with 2/3 of the volume with mown grass or weeds. To this is added a couple of shovels of ash, which must necessarily be sifted. After that, the mixture is filled with water, and the container itself is closed with a film. To achieve full readiness, the tool will take several weeks. Before processing the beds, the composition is diluted in a ratio of 1:10.
According to the third recipe, the container must be filled with manure or droppings by 1/3 of the volume. The remainder is filled with clean water. The resulting mixture is infused for two weeks (no more). The infusion prepared on manure should be diluted 1:10 before use. The composition of bird droppings is diluted in a ratio of 1:20.
Vegetables grown in warm beds are in many ways superior to the results of traditional agricultural technology. Designs that are less labor-intensive in terms of processing, allow you to restore soil fertility and increase the yield of vegetable crops. At the same time, the purity of nature is preserved and human health is preserved, since chemical fertilizers are not used to fertilize plants. It is for this reason that many summer residents use the technology of warm beds on their plots.