Sprinkler for irrigation: creating a favorable microclimate for plants
Manual watering of the garden in the country or on the territory of a private house is a rather difficult event. Today it is possible to automate this process. To do this, you need to purchase a special device – a sprinkler for watering. Such a device helps to maintain a favorable microclimate for plant growth. In order to choose a suitable sprayer for specific conditions, it is necessary to familiarize yourself with its characteristics.
Water sprinkler for irrigation: purpose and features
Plant growth is impossible without water. It is a necessary element involved in the process of photosynthesis. Natural hydration of plants occurs due to rains. However, there are dry seasons. In this case, there is a need for artificial irrigation of the soil. A special sprinkler device can handle this work.
Pay attention! Using a water sprayer for irrigation has many advantages. The main one is that moisture is distributed evenly over the zone within which this device operates. With manual watering, gardeners most often use a hose that does not have the function of spraying, which leads to the formation of puddles.
Water sprayers are divided into varieties depending on many factors. One of these parameters is the method of spraying. When choosing a device, you need to pay attention to several basic criteria. First of all, the important indicators include the pressure that the device is capable of pumping. It is also necessary to know what range the sprinkler has.
Some devices have the ability to adjust the size of drops. This option is recommended by specialists for irrigation of vegetable gardens and orchards. If necessary, such a sprinkler can be assembled at home using improvised means. A device made with your own hands will not have high efficiency, but it is quite capable of replacing cheap purchased models.
Sprinkler for irrigation: the main characteristics of the device
Today there are many devices that differ from each other in their characteristics. Before purchasing a sprinkler, it is recommended to familiarize yourself with its basic properties. This information will help you choose the most suitable device for a particular case. Let’s consider the most important characteristics of sprinklers.
Irrigation radius. This parameter indicates the range of one sprinkler. In addition, it is very important how irrigation is performed. For example, water can be sprayed in a circle (360°). Less functional sprinklers for watering the garden have a smaller radius of action, which ranges from 90 to 270 °. It is worth noting that most models provide angle adjustment.
Water consumption. When choosing a sprinkler, it is necessary to pay attention to its power. This parameter has an effect on water consumption. Watering rates may be different. They depend on many factors. Among them, one can distinguish such as the type of plants, their number and age. Thus, the water consumption of the device should correspond to the needs of plants.
The size of the drops. The use of a sprinkler often provides for the possibility of regulating the size of water droplets. This is an important function that allows you to choose the necessary method of irrigation of plants. For example, young seedlings perceive water dust best. Accordingly, large drops are recommended for adult plants.
Pressure. Garden sprinklers can have different ranges. This parameter depends on the operating pressure in the device. This indicator is selected according to individual needs.
Useful information! It is important to remember that most sites assume the presence of uneven local zones. Short-cropped lawns most often border territories covered with plantings. It is recommended to equip an automatic irrigation system on such a site, which includes various variants of sprinklers.
In combined systems consisting of several sprayers, it is necessary to provide electromagnetic valves. These devices allow the correct distribution of pressure in the structure.
Watering guns: the simplest version of a water sprayer
This type of irrigation equipment is the least technological, which is reflected in its low cost. The most budget models can be purchased for only 100-200 rubles. The efficiency of such devices is not very great, but they can cope with small amounts of work.
Watering guns have a trigger. Thus, their work cannot be called automatic. Some models contain in their design a special locking element that is needed to hold the trigger in one position. In this case, the need to constantly press it is eliminated.
Garden sprinkler for irrigation of this type is used most often for irrigation of lawns and small gardens. Separately, it should be said that in the market and in stores you can find models equipped with a special chamber for fertilizers. The principle of operation of such pistols is quite simple: when passing through the chamber, water softens fertilizers and captures part of them.
Garden pistols are made of different materials. In their construction there are metal and polymer components, as well as rubber elements. Many models are equipped with regulating parts that control the amount of water coming out of the device.
Static sprayers for watering vegetable gardens and orchards
Devices of this type can have a diverse appearance. But they are all united by one design feature – the absence of a rotating element, which makes them stationary. It is for this reason that static devices cannot provide 360° irrigation.
Most often, sprayers of this type are dug into the ground, but they can also be portable. In the first case, the device has a cylindrical shape with a protruding core. The irrigation area of this equipment is usually limited to 10 m2. For larger areas, it is better to give preference to circular sprinklers. Their types and watering radius are the main things to pay attention to when choosing.
In addition, in order to ensure watering of a large area, you can purchase several such devices and ensure a uniform flow of water to them. Static models are popular when irrigating small flower beds. When choosing such a device, it is necessary to pay attention to its main characteristics, as well as to the manufacturer’s brand.
Pay attention! Static devices are produced by different companies. Of these, we can single out the most high-quality manufacturers of this equipment, such as Kercher and Gardena. It is worth noting the good devices manufactured by Hunter.
Main features of the rotary sprinkler for irrigation
In appearance, these products resemble static devices. Their design has a lot in common with fixed sprinklers. The main difference between rotary models is the presence of a rotating part. Due to this, their range of action is much higher than that of the previous type of devices.
The area that one rotary sprinkler can irrigate for a vegetable garden, garden or lawn can reach 30 m2. Such functionality is an absolute advantage. To purchase a suitable model, it is necessary to focus on the area that the device can moisten during operation.
When installing such a device, it is immersed in the ground. Most of these sprinklers are adjustable. This means that, if desired, you can choose a specific area on the site that this device will irrigate.
Separately, it should be said that rotary models, like many other varieties of sprinklers, save water during operation. As a result, the cost of controlled irrigation, in comparison with the manual option, is reduced. The sprinkler is a simple and effective device that does not require constant monitoring and allows you to create a microclimate acceptable for plants.
Circular sprinklers for lawn watering: unmanaged and controlled
Circular devices used for watering plots are divided into two main types: unregulated and regulated. The first of them include fixed heads located on a stand. Equipment of this type is equipped with nozzles, due to which cone-shaped irrigation occurs. Static devices can spray both large and small droplets.
Circular lawn sprinklers are mounted on pegs or special stands. The first variant became widespread in conditions of soft soil. Mounting this device on pegs is considered more reliable.
Another common group of circular sprinklers are controlled devices. When using them, you can adjust the spray angle. It varies from 0 to 360°. In addition, all adjustable products can change the amount of droplets when spraying.
Useful information! To cover a large area, it is recommended to consider a system consisting of tubes and sprinklers themselves. Circular models are highly efficient and are recommended by many specialists.
The most effective devices of this type are programmable. These circular sprinklers are capable of covering a large area (up to 380 m2). Such devices have other advantages. For example, they have the ability to adapt, taking into account the peculiarities of the territory.
Retractable sprinklers for irrigation: automatic irrigation
Retractable devices are elements of automatic irrigation systems. In such devices there is a possibility of setting the required watering mode. It is worth noting that the equipment is quite efficient. Such devices are among the most common. They are used all over the world.
Retractable models are installed directly into the soil. When turned on, the tip is pushed out of such a device, after which the process of irrigation of the lawn or other area located on the site begins.
Automation of the process in this case allows you to simplify this procedure as much as possible. At the end of watering, the following happens: the tip returns to its original position – enters the body of the sprinkler for watering the lawn. Experts recommend using this kind of sprinklers in small areas that need constant moistening.
Most often, retractable products are used for watering house lawns, lawns and flower beds. For irrigation of plants maturing in the garden, they are not very effective. When choosing such a device, it is recommended to calculate the required range in advance, as well as pay attention to other characteristics that are no less important.
Irrigation system in the country: a variety of options for irrigation of plants
Features of different types. The choice of pipe material for irrigation and irrigation. The key points of installing the system with your own hands.
Pulse sprinklers for irrigation: differences from rotary devices
Pulse sprinklers are another common type of sprinklers. Such products are popular, they can be easily purchased on the market or in a specialized store. From a constructive point of view, they resemble rotary devices. The peculiarity of pulse models is that, unlike others, they do not spray moisture constantly, but intermittently.
The use of such a device allows for automatic irrigation of the site. Moreover, it is produced by sectors. First of all, the device sprays water in the area of the site that is located at a distance. After a certain period of time, the near sector is subjected to irrigation.
A sprinkler for watering a vegetable garden of this type has another advantage. Its design contains a mechanism that is responsible for the termination of work. During inactivity, the possibility of water entering the nozzles is excluded. Thanks to this principle of operation, the sprinkler has a fairly good range. The water jet can cover a distance of 20 m.
If necessary, you can purchase a pulse device, which provides for the adjustment of the tilt of the operating nozzle. Fan sprinklers are great for lawn irrigation. Most pulse sprinklers have an adjustable head, which allows you to easily set the desired angle.
Oscillating sprinklers for irrigation: characteristics and features
Devices that belong to this type are designed to work in rectangular areas. Technical characteristics of oscillating sprinklers do not allow watering areas whose length exceeds 30 m. There are also restrictions on the second indicator – width. It should not be more than 17 m. The best devices of this kind are manufactured by Kercher, Gardena, Geolia. Sprinklers of these manufacturers differ in functionality and long service life.
Pay attention! The nozzle intended for irrigation is connected to a hose through which water is transported under pressure. Proper fastening of the device involves the use of a locking ring. Otherwise, the watering nozzle may come off the hose.
These devices include a movable hose, the walls of which are perforated for irrigation. Oscillating sprayers are installed on a conventional stand. This type of irrigation is very popular when moistening vegetable gardens and lawns.
The housing of this type of device is made of metal or plastic, and it is also possible to combine these two materials. The tube with holes does not rotate in a circle, since in this case a strictly defined angle is indicated (from 0 to 180 °). It is worth noting that not all devices include the function of adjusting the watering width.
Rating of water sprinklers: top best models of 2018
Sprinklers, which are used for watering vegetable gardens, lawns, flower beds and other areas, are common garden equipment. There are many models of these devices on the market that differ in their technical characteristics.
Naturally, in such conditions it is quite difficult to make the right choice. Especially for a person who has never faced such a task before. To do this, you need to carefully study the rating of the most popular devices.
In the top of lawn or garden sprinklers, there are traditionally several of the most effective products that have received high customer reviews. The leading positions in the market in the production of devices used for irrigation are occupied by trademarks:
All of the above models of sprinklers are more or less popular among consumers. It is also worth noting Hunter sprinklers, which are manufactured by an American company. They are of high quality and have a long service life. Most often there are rotary models of this manufacturer.
Experts do not recommend buying cheap sprinklers, as they rarely cope with their tasks. Budget products have a high percentage of defects. The characteristics stated on the packaging, as a rule, do not coincide with the actual capabilities of such devices.
Raco 4260-55/715C pulse sprinkler: the best budget device
Sprinklers of this brand are manufactured in Germany. They are distinguished by the high quality of components, which is reflected in their operational life. Many models of this company have an acceptable cost, which is attractive to domestic consumers. The Raco pulse device of the 4260-55/715C series can be purchased for only 300-350 rubles.
This model belongs to the category of lightweight and is used for irrigation of sector plots, as well as rounded territories. The irrigation area is quite large – up to 490 m2. The body of this device is made of brass. This material is resistant to moisture and is characterized by high strength, which increases the operational life of the sprinkler. You can buy a sprinkler for watering a lawn of this type on the Internet or in a specialized store.
Useful information! The nozzle of the device is also made of brass material. This element is key in any sprinkler. In the German device, the nozzle has high accuracy, which increases the efficiency of work.
The length of the jet emitted by such a device may be different. The sprinkler of this type has a function for regulating this parameter. If desired, you can adjust the spray device to a length of 3 to 12 m (depending on the need).
Hozelock Plus sprinkler (2510): the best value for money
The devices are manufactured by a British company that specializes in the production of irrigation equipment. Such a sprinkler does not belong to the budget category, since its cost is 2500 rubles. However, if you study the operational capabilities of this device and read reviews about it, then you can say with confidence that the price is fully justified.
The design of this device is quite simple, which does not prevent it from taking a leading position in the price / quality ratio. The irrigation area of such a sprinkler reaches 180 m2. The equipment includes 8 nozzles, the presence of which allows watering at fairly long distances. However, such a device is not a sector sprinkler.
Experts recommend purchasing this device for lawn humidification, and it is also widely used in garden irrigation. An important advantage of the British model is that it is quite easy to install. Anyone can handle this job. All you need to do is fix the device on a pointed peg.
The material of manufacture in this case is durable plastic, which is completely suitable for the conditions in which the sprinkler is used. The only disadvantage of such a model is the lack of regulation of irrigation sectors.
Kercher OS 5.320 SV sprinkler: adjustable water flow
The German company Kercher is well-known all over the world. It is engaged in the production of irrigation equipment (and not only). The purchase of a device of this series allows for regulated watering of gardens, vegetable gardens and lawns. The cost of such a device is 2900 rubles.
This model belongs to the category of oscillating. Thus, it is customary to use it for irrigation of rectangular plots, the length of which does not exceed 30 m. The Kercher sprinkler of this type is capable of irrigating an area ranging from 190 to 320 m2.
Useful information! As an alternative to this device, you can purchase a Palisad 65482 or 65483 sprinkler, the irrigation area of which is 250 and 280 m2.
Such equipment is made of high-quality polymer material. The plastic case is characterized by corrosion resistance and resistance to mechanical influences (impacts). Separately, it should be said that such a device provides a system for regulating the pressure of the liquid and the ability to turn off the irrigation sections.
Another advantage of this model is that it practically does not make noise during operation. Many users note that such a sprinkler has a splash protection function. This is an important advantage.
Garden Aquazum 250/2 sprinkler: the best model for rectangular areas
The German company Gardena is one of the market leaders in the production of irrigation equipment. The greatest number of positive reviews was collected by the device of the Aquazum 250/2 series. It is in the middle price range. You can buy such a model for 2,900 rubles.
The Gardena Aquazoom 250/2 sprinkler belongs to the group of oscillating devices. It can be used on both small and fairly extensive areas. The minimum area on which this device can function is only 25 m2. The maximum capacity of this type of sprinkler reaches 250 m2.
This model is distinguished by its versatility. It is great for both moistening lawns and watering gardens and vegetable gardens. The peculiarity of this device is that it can be used to irrigate not only stunted plants, but also trees growing in the garden. Such watering is achieved by installing the device on a tripod.
In addition to oscillating devices, the Gardena company is also famous for high-quality retractable sprinklers. Gardena is a company that produces efficient and durable irrigation equipment. This device takes into account the possibility of regulating irrigation boundaries. Many users note the impeccable operation of the sprinkler even a few years after the start of operation.
How to choose a suitable sprinkler for watering: recommendations
To figure out how to choose a sprinkler for irrigation, it is necessary to take into account the geometric features of the site, its area. If you are faced with the task of organizing the watering of a rectangular garden or garden, then take a closer look at the oscillating sprinkler. When it comes to large areas, it is necessary to choose between a pulsed or rotary device.
If there are shrubs on your garden plot, then the organization of generating a high jet will be optimal for them. To carry out this type of watering, you need to stock up on a pulse sprinkler, which is convenient to install on a special tripod. In order to buy a sprinkler for watering a vegetable garden that meets specific operating conditions, it is recommended to determine the area of the territory. In addition, it is worth considering the terrain features on the site.
In the event that the plot has a complex shape, aggregates with the function of sector irrigation will cope with its irrigation. This type of watering device is also good for saturating flowers and plants that are located along the paths with moisture. In this case, a fixed irrigation radius will not allow a person passing along the path to get wet.
Pay attention! A budget option is to purchase a snail sprinkler. You can buy this plastic product for only 30-50 rubles.
Using a sprinkler on your plots, you will be able to adjust various irrigation parameters: radius, shape and size of jets, irrigation area. Various components that cope with these tasks are included in the kit when buying a sprinkler. This is undoubtedly convenient for the gardener.
Do not forget to pay attention to the operating pressure of the watering device. The main segment of such units is designed for water pressure from 2 to 4 atm. Therefore, it is worth remembering that the more points you need to water, the higher the water pressure is needed.
Water sprinkler for watering with your own hands: instructions
Gardening areas and private plots require not only watering with water. Sometimes, in order to protect the crop from harmful insects, it is necessary to resort to the help of safe chemicals. To spray protective chemicals, you can also use homemade devices created almost from improvised means.
This device, made at home, can cope with simple irrigation in the garden beds. And also a water sprayer for watering is perfect for spraying flowers in flower beds. To create it , you will need:
- plastic sprayer (a non-working device with a working nozzle is also suitable);
- ordinary plastic bottle;
- a stick made of wood or aluminum;
- rubber hose with a length of 3-4 m;
If you have the right amount of serviceable materials, you can assemble the sprinkler in less than half an hour. We present to your attention a brief instruction on the assembly of this device.
In order to make a sprinkler with your own hands, first of all you need to fix the sprayer on the stick. You need to make a hole with a hot nail in the bottle near the neck, then insert a screw into it. A hole must be pre-drilled in the screw. Now it is possible to fix the part by means of a nut, and it is also recommended to use rubber gaskets so that the substance used does not leak.
After that, water is collected into the bottle, and a screw is put on one of the ends of the hose, which is placed in the bottle. The second end is attached directly to the pump. The sprayer itself is inserted into the neck of the bottle. To create pressure, you need to pump air into the bottle. After that, you can start watering. The design allows you to adjust the format of the liquid jet, for this you need to turn the valve on the splashing device. The diameter of the spray will depend on the length of the stick that you choose to create the structure.
Lawn sprinkler made of plastic pipes: assembly algorithm
To make a frame of plastic pipes yourself, it will take not only some time, but also skill. But the result is worth it, because you can count on a more extensive watering area than a similar design made of bottles.
Pay attention! Before starting work, prepare a device designed for soldering polyvinyl chloride plastic, 1 tee, 4 corners and a pipe with a diameter of ¾ inches. Now you can start designing a sprinkler for watering the lawn.
Consider a simple step-by-step guide to making a sprinkler with your own hands in a short period of time. First of all, it is necessary to prepare the following materials and tools:
- two pieces of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) pipe;
- a scrap of an old aluminum ski pole;
- locking element for the hose (clamp).
The cross-section index of such a pipe should be approximately 50 mm. The length of the product is 30 cm. The length of the segment obtained from an old ski pole should be about 0.5 m.
The sequence of actions for assembling a water sprinkler from plastic tubes includes 5 stages. First, it is necessary to close one of the ends of the ski pole by means of a plug. For this purpose, a wooden cork of the appropriate diameter or any other improvised means is suitable. The main thing is that such a plug is firmly held in place.
Then it is necessary to make two holes in the polyvinyl chloride tubes (in the center). This work can be done using a drill. The diameter of the holes should be such that the aluminum tube enters them with difficulty. Then you should stretch the ski pole and fix the structure with clamps.
At the next stage, the hose is fixed (also by means of a clamp). At the final stage of the work, you need to cut a hole in the center of the aluminum part. It is in this way that the self-assembly of the atomizer from the tubes is carried out.
The sprinkler is an indispensable device that can greatly simplify the life of a gardener. When choosing it, it is necessary to focus on several important factors: range, number of modes and adjustability. Self-assembly of this device does not require special knowledge and the availability of expensive tools.