Soldering station with a hair dryer: a useful assistant for a master of any qualification
An excellent device for performing many tasks is a soldering station with a hairdryer. This is a tool that is designed to quickly heat metal taps to the required temperature. A blowtorch with a hair dryer is used to perform a wide variety of tasks – from drying various compounds to repairing car bumpers. This device is most often used by radio amateurs. This publication will help to understand the characteristics of soldering stations.
A soldering iron with a hair dryer is used to perform a wide variety of tasks, but most often it is used by radio amateurs
Soldering station with hair dryer: product features, market overview
Several techniques are used to create permanent connections. One of them is soldering. This technology differs from traditional welding by using low temperatures and joining with solder. During soldering, the molten solder is applied to the parts. As the material cools, it hardens, and the elements are securely connected to each other.
A soldering unit with a hair dryer is a set of tools that are designed for soldering components
The production of multilayer boards and miniature integrated circuits, as well as the increased density of placement of small parts with a large number of pins require the use of thin and specific tools. One of these devices is a soldering unit with a hair dryer. This device is a set of tools designed to perform group or single soldering of components.
The modern market provides a wide range of products that are able to satisfy the needs of users of any qualification – from high-class professionals to amateur beginners. Therefore, the problem of which to choose a soldering station with a hairdryer is relevant for many.
These products may differ in configuration, and also include the following components:
A soldering unit with a hair dryer differs from a conventional soldering iron in that it is able to optimize the temperature mode of the tool
- a control unit that allows you to control the operating parameters of the tool;
- soldering iron for classic contact soldering with low-temperature solder;
- blow dryer for non-contact heating of certain parts of a prefabricated object;
- thermal tweezers, which is used for soldering and removing elements;
- powerful infrared source for heating the board to the required temperature;
- a pneumatic device designed to remove excess molten tin;
- additional details;
- bracelets for static stress relief.
Modern soldering installations are multifunctional, so they allow you to perform a large number of tasks. Soldering stations of the simplest design consist of a soldering iron, a control device and a special stand for a soldering iron.
The principle of operation of the station is not very complicated, so it is quite possible to make a homemade soldering station with a hairdryer.
Modern soldering installations, due to their versatility, can perform a large number of different tasks
It’s interesting! The main difference between a station with a hair dryer and a conventional soldering iron is the possibility of optimizing the temperature mode of the tool.
Choosing a soldering station: the principle of operation of the device
The center, and therefore the brain of the device is the control unit. This component combines all the parts and turns them into a soldering station. The built-in soldering iron is distinguished from the usual classical tool by the presence of a temperature sensor. Thanks to it, the temperature of the soldering iron tip can be set at a certain level. A low voltage is required to power the instrument, which is most often 24 volts.
The temperature sensor ensures the stability of the selected parameters. Very often, a set of replaceable soldering tips for a soldering station is included in the package. With their help, it is easy to solder various electronic components.
The soldering iron temperature is adjusted by a rotary knob, which is located on the front panel of the control unit. There is also a digital temperature indicator.
Thanks to various nozzles, the hair dryer is able to perform soldering of the most complex elements
A diaphragm pump is placed inside the control unit, which provides air flow to the hair dryer, and the hair dryer for the soldering station itself is equipped with nozzles of various shapes. They repeat the shape of the most common contacts of microcircuits. These nozzles allow you to heat several contacts of the element at once. Thanks to this, disassembly is carried out quickly and without harm to the part itself and to the board.
The hair dryer makes it possible to solder the elements contactless, that is, without using a soldering iron. Often, a hair dryer is used to preheat metal taps before soldering with a soldering iron.
It’s interesting! In the absence of access to replaceable parts, an infrared soldering iron is very often used. It is used when replacing small elements. The main advantages of the device are the absence of heating, as well as a very low probability of damaging the connected particles. You can make an infrared soldering iron with your own hands for home use using a car cigarette lighter.
What you need to know when choosing a soldering station with a hair dryer
There are a huge number of different designs for soldering, so the question of which soldering station to choose is relevant for many. First of all, when choosing a model, it is important to compare the technical characteristics of the design with the tasks for which it is necessary.
It is necessary to pay attention to the presence of replaceable nozzles, they make the soldering station a universal and convenient equipment
The most important parameters for the soldering station are the following:
- model power;
- the temperature adjustment range of the structure.
Before choosing a soldering station in the store, first of all it is necessary to determine the class of the device. If a soldering station is necessary for home use, you do not need to purchase a product among the models leading in the rating of soldering stations with a hairdryer. For a home laboratory, the designs of well-known Chinese brands are quite suitable, which in terms of functional characteristics are not much inferior to famous manufacturers.
It is also important to pay attention to the presence of replaceable nozzles for a soldering iron and a hair dryer. For some models, you can buy nozzles separately, but the presence of a hair dryer can complicate this task.
The nozzles to the soldering hair dryer make it possible to perform local heating of a certain section of the board, which eliminates the possibility of damage to the electronic parts of the circuit as a result of their overheating.
When choosing a soldering unit with a hair dryer, you need to pay attention to parameters such as power and temperature adjustment range
Some models of soldering stations are equipped with a smoke pump. This simplifies the work with the device, and also makes it safe for health, but the price of a soldering station with a smoke pump is higher than the cost of conventional structures.
This is important! It is the nozzles to the hair dryer that make the soldering station a universal and convenient equipment, since only with their help it became possible to organize the flow of hot air.
The best soldering stations with a hairdryer: a brief description of popular models
The choice of soldering irons with a hairdryer is quite wide. The most difficult thing is to choose the most suitable and high–quality model among the proposed designs. You will have to pay a decent amount for a device of a well-known brand, but you can easily find a soldering station with a hairdryer, the price of which does not exceed 4 thousand rubles. At the same time, the tool will be of high quality and safe.
If desired, you can make a soldering station with a hairdryer with your own hands from improvised materials according to the scheme. To do this, you need to have certain skills and abilities, otherwise the process of creating a homemade device may not end well. In addition, it should be noted that the cost of materials for making a hair dryer with your own hand will be about 3 thousand rubles. Therefore, you need to think about whether it is worth the effort or it is easier to buy a soldering station in a store.
The Chinese company Quik provides customers with budget models of very good quality
We offer you to get acquainted with the best hair dryers as part of soldering stations. The proposed models are selected based on the technical characteristics of the product, the prices of blow dryers and reviews of real buyers.
The best manufacturers of soldering stations today are the German company Ersa and the Chinese company Quick. However, Ersa devices are not the best equipment for home use, since the price of these tools is quite high. Therefore, it is irrational to purchase a tool designed for professional use. At the same time, Quik provides customers with budget models of good quality.
Rexant soldering stations are also quite well known. Many users consider soldering tools of this company to be an ideal option for a home workshop. The Lukey 852d model is especially popular – a soldering station with a soldering iron and a built-in hair dryer. The device is characterized by accuracy and high starting power.
Useful advice! To make a final choice, it is useful to view video reviews of various models of soldering installations with a hairdryer, which will allow you to get acquainted with the basic functionality, equipment, as well as possible disadvantages of the tool.
The German company Ersa is the best manufacturer of soldering stations
Overview of soldering stations: brief description of models
The safest device is the Mypovos soldering station 858d. Most buyers note the remarkable build quality and excellent performance of the heat gun and soldering iron. And also users indicate that the temperature on the indicator and the real one do not differ. The maximum temperature of the device is reached quickly and ranges from 100 to 500 degrees Celsius. In addition, the device is equipped with a soldering dryer sleep mode. The safety of the soldering station is ensured by automatic cooling, which is triggered if you put a hair dryer in the holder. This also prevents the occurrence of a fire. Estimated cost – from 1285 rubles.
The original, stylish and convenient design is distinguished by the soldering station 8586 from the manufacturer Newacalox. The black case and the fashionable LED indicator are able to decorate the workplace of the soldering iron. In addition, the tool has compact dimensions. The exterior design is just a nice bonus to the technical characteristics of the device. The power consumption of the tool is 700 W, the maximum temperature is 500 ° C. There are several minor disadvantages: the device needs to be calibrated, since sometimes the temperature on the indicator differs from the real one, and there is also no sleep mode, which increases the likelihood of a fire. The cost of the device – from 4478 rubles.
The Qsunrun 858D tool is average in terms of technical characteristics. It has a 700–watt power supply, has the most favorable cost – from 942 rubles. The device has all the standard advantages, namely:
The soldering unit with a hair dryer Qsunrun 858D has the most favorable cost
- compact size (weight – 1.6 kg);
- excellent equipment;
- the ability to quickly heat up to operating temperature;
- silent operation.
Of the disadvantages, it is worth noting the overheating of the handle, but the price of the tool completely covers this minus.
The most compact and functional device is YOUYUE 8586. The dimensions of this soldering station are small, but the tool’s characteristics are not inferior to similar models. The power of the soldering iron ranges from 50 to 700 watts, respectively, the temperature varies from 200 to 450 and from 100 to 500 ° C. According to user reviews, the device works normally, without failures, and the design meets the specified parameters. There are also disadvantages, namely: an inaccurate temperature indicator and a noisy transformer. The price of the soldering station starts from 3753 rubles.
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Model Mypovos 8586. This design is characterized by particularly precise temperature control. The tool has an error of only 5 °C. In addition, the soldering station, thanks to its compact size and rubberized handles, is very convenient to operate. Both the hair dryer and the soldering iron of the station are heated to 350 ° C in 10 seconds. The equipment of the device is also pleasing. The station is made of high-quality materials. The cost of this tool starts from 3465 rubles.
The Aoyue int 2738A+ soldering station is of excellent quality. In addition, the model heats up to operating temperature in 3-5 seconds, which is considered a good indicator. The design is equipped with smoke traps, replaceable filters, holders for a coil with solder. The disadvantage of the tool is a rather high price. For example, the original Hakko sting for the 878d Lukey soldering station costs 100 rubles, and the sting for the Aoyue model costs about 1 thousand rubles.
The Aoyue int 2738A soldering station heats up to operating temperature in just 3-5 seconds
Useful advice! Before using the soldering station, it is necessary to check whether there are any flammable objects nearby. During the use of the device with a hairdryer, it is necessary to strictly observe safety precautions, especially fire safety rules. It is also necessary to ensure that moisture does not get on the body and inside the heat gun.
Soldering stations “Magister”: high-quality and reliable tools of domestic production
The Master soldering technique is an excellent tool that is not inferior in quality to similar designs of world manufacturers. The company’s products meet all the requirements: the tool is reliable, safe and convenient. In addition, the manufacturer is constantly upgrading products and, thanks to this, takes its due place in the domestic market. Affordable price, quality and a wide selection of reliable products, as well as timely service are the principles of the company’s work.
The category of manual soldering tools includes various designs – from the simplest, representing only a soldering iron, to more functional multi-channel models that make it possible to connect several tools at the same time. In the arsenal of the company there are also tools for group soldering, which allow you to organize small-scale production. Thanks to this, both an amateur radio operator and a professional craftsman will be able to find a model that is ideally suited for him.
Hakko soldering station: excellent Japanese quality on the domestic market
The Japanese concern Hakko uses advanced technologies during production, which make it possible to make reliable equipment at a low price. Thanks to this, Hakko quickly became one of the world market leaders in the manufacture of soldering tools.
The soldering unit with a hair dryer from the Japanese concern Hakko is a reliable equipment at a low price
The variety of products manufactured by Hakko Concern includes an exhaustive set of tools for manual soldering and disassembly – these are soldering stations, disassembly devices, thermal air and repair structures, as well as additional equipment. In addition, the company not only produces products of the highest quality, but also provides a high level of service to meet the needs of each client regarding soldering equipment and materials for performing the most complex tasks.
Useful advice! Very often, not entirely honest manufacturers produce counterfeit products allegedly under the Hakko brand.
Soldering station with a hairdryer with your own hands: tips for assembling a homemade tool
The main requirement for a soldering station with a hair dryer is that the tool must provide a flow of heated air having a temperature of at least 850 ° C. At the same time, the power of the heating element in the station should not exceed 2.6 kW.
The principle of operation of the soldering station is not very complicated, so it is quite possible to make it yourself
It is very important that the total cost of components for creating a thermal air soldering station with your own hands is not too high. Most often, users assemble a manual or stationary heat gun. It is worth noting that stationary structures are easier to make. This is due to the fact that such a model does not limit the master in the choice of dimensions. In addition, there is no need to manufacture a pistol grip, which is needed to control the operation of the device.
In the case of manufacturing a stationary model of a soldering station, the heat gun works as follows: the heat source stands motionless on the desktop, during operation it is necessary to move only the soldered part. This option creates some inconveniences. Therefore, it is optimal to use a hand tool to increase efficiency. For ease of operation, this device should have small parameters.
Useful advice! Household hair dryers are not suitable for use in a homemade soldering station.
Blow dryer with your own hands: assembly features
Very often, a master who decided to make a soldering station with a hair dryer based on a microcontroller on his own is interested in the question of how to make a heating element. As noted above, parts of the household hair dryer do not correspond to the parameters of such tools. Therefore, the use of conventional hair dryers to create a soldering station is unacceptable.
It must be remembered that ordinary household hair dryers are not suitable for use in a homemade soldering station
The best option for manually assembled stations is to manufacture the heater yourself from nichrome wire. The thread cross-section should be in the range from 0.4 to 0.8 mm. It should be noted that the use of a larger diameter wire will provide a good power reserve, but it will be difficult to get the right operating temperature.
It is necessary that the heater itself be small in size. The spiral should not exceed 4-8 mm in outer diameter. For the base on which the heating part will be fixed, it is best to use a material that has excellent resistance to high temperatures, for example, ceramics can be used.
You will also need a heat blower – a fan. It should provide a flow of warm air (about 20-30 liters per minute). Alternatively, an air compressor for an aquarium is suitable, but to increase efficiency, it should be supplemented with a receiver. To do this, you can use an ordinary plastic bottle.
Useful advice! To make the basis for a homemade soldering station, it is quite possible to take a part installed in a household hair dryer. A small fan from an old hair dryer is suitable as a supercharger.
Some parts can be taken from an old hair dryer, for example, a fan
The scheme of the soldering station: the manufacture of the body of the hair dryer, ensuring the operability of the device
As a case for a hair dryer for a homemade soldering station, you can use a material that perfectly withstands high temperatures, for example, ceramics. However, this option is not too cheap. To reduce the cost of a homemade soldering station, it is possible to perform partial thermal insulation of the channel through which the hot air will move.
The housing of a household appliance is also suitable, but it is necessary to adhere to several rules: the housing should be quite voluminous, and the nozzle should be made of heat-resistant materials.
Then you need to take care of the operability of the device. The design of the tool must necessarily include a trigger mechanism and a device that will allow you to regulate the speed of air movement and its temperature. To do this, rheostats must be present in the electrical circuit of the device, which will make it possible to adjust the power of the instrument.
The assembly of the soldering station begins with the manufacture of a spiral. It is important to take into account that the resistance of the element should be in the range of 75-90 ohms. It is necessary not only to wind the spiral on a reliable insulator, but also to close it from above. Asbestos or fiberglass is suitable for this. The ends of the spiral should come out after assembly.
The scheme of a homemade soldering hair dryer with a capacity of 300 watts
The finished part is placed in a housing lined with a layer of thermal insulation, and only then is connected to the power wiring, which includes a switch. An air fan is installed on the back side. It is either placed in the housing or attached from the outside.
The key element of the design is a soldering iron. If the other parts of the soldering station can be parts of old devices, then the soldering iron for the soldering station itself must be uniquely new. It is also necessary to choose a diode bridge for the electrical circuit and transformer. A detailed diagram of the homemade device can be found on special forums.
Useful advice! In case of breakdown of any of the elements of the device, you can try to solve the problem yourself, but it is best to entrust the repair of the soldering station to a professional.
A soldering station with a hair dryer is the main tool necessary for the production and repair of any electronic devices. This equipment makes it possible to connect electronic components together. The tool is very convenient, as it is usually equipped with a digital module or an analog control system.