Dimensions of washing machines: standard and non-standard models, methods of their installation
Washing and ironing are some of the most routine types of work. The appearance of automatic machines is a real breakthrough in household management. The first admiration was caused by the magical transformation of dirty laundry into fresh-smelling semi-dry and practically not crumpled things. Gradually, the enthusiastic attitude was replaced by demanding. In addition, certain sizes of washing machines were needed, contributing to the improvement of the operation process.
Washing machines: dimensions, weight, loading methods, installation
Washing machines are considered by many housewives to be the greatest miracle of household appliances. And it’s not just about technical perfection. Their use requires minimal physical costs, significant time savings, and the result sometimes exceeds all expectations. There is such a huge variety of modern models that it is sometimes quite difficult to make a choice.
First of all, the cars differ in size. They can have different dimensions, both reduced and enlarged, as well as standard. The internal content also corresponds to certain parameters: the size of the drum, the number of heating elements, fasteners, etc. Taking into account the above characteristics, it is determined how much the washing machine weighs.
According to the method of functioning, automatic machines with horizontal or vertical loading are distinguished. Horizontal models have a hatch on the front side of the unit. In vertical types, access to the drum is carried out by lifting the top cover.
Machines are produced that can occupy a solo position (that is, stand alone), as well as built-in ones. The latter are more often installed in the lower block of kitchen furniture – by the type of ovens and dishwashers.
The main dimensions of washing machines
The dimensions of the washing machine are the first thing that is taken into account when choosing a model, since the location of the device depends on the parameters. Determining the variant of the technique, you can go in two ways:
Which path to choose depends on the prioritization.
There are often situations when there is only one possible location for an electrical appliance, and then models with certain dimensions are simply selected.
The main dimensions of automatic washing machines with front loading and with vertical access are as follows:
- height (distance from the floor to the upper plane);
- width (length of the front part);
- depth (distance between the front and back sides).
Useful advice! When taking measurements of the place to install the washing machine and comparing them with the dimensions of the unit, it is necessary to take into account the margins from the walls or from other nearby pieces of furniture or appliances.
Despite the fact that the dimensions of a washing machine with vertical loading are determined by the same indicators as the front one, they have one fundamental difference. Frontal models have a width greater than the depth, vertical models have a depth greater than the width. This difference greatly affects the way this type of equipment is placed.
Indicators of standard sizes of washing machines
If there is a shortage of space or there are any other restrictions, it is especially important to know what sizes of washing machines there are. The definition of “standard” is used quite often when evaluating the dimensions of devices. It will also be used in this article, although there are no strict standards. There are simply convenient and most often demanded overall dimensions.
These indicators are largely a consequence of the operational characteristics of the machine, or rather, the size of the drum. The value of the latter, in turn, regulates the amount of laundry loaded. From all these causes and consequences, conditional standard sizes have been formed.
The standard height of machines with both frontal and vertical loading can be considered 85 cm. Such dimensions allow technically correct placement of all parts and mechanisms inside the case and make it comfortable to use.
The standard width of a washing machine with horizontal loading is 60 cm. This is a convenient location of the control panel elements, a full-size loading hatch, a roomy drum. The standard width of vertical machines is 45 cm. It is this indicator that allows you to embed this technique in narrow openings without losing the comfort of use.
The depth of the machines with vertical loading is 60 cm. These are sufficient sizes to provide access to the drum and convenient loading of laundry. The standard depth of horizontally filled machines is 50-55 cm, but models with the drying function may have more.
Width of washing machines and ways of their placement
If there is no separate laundry room in the house, then the most convenient room for installing a washing machine is the bathroom. It has created optimal conditions for the functioning of this household appliance:
- the necessary communications have been summed up;
- the walls and floors have a moisture-resistant coating;
- the arrangement of the room allows you to store detergents without harm to your health.
Bathrooms are often small in size, so such a parameter as the width of the washing machine is very important. In a small room, the unit will be located between pieces of plumbing or furniture, and it should not just fit, but occupy a position that allows for free loading. It is advisable to leave a space of at least 70 cm in front of the machine.
Useful advice! When determining the width of the machine for a limited space, it is necessary to take into account not only the margins for vibration, but also access for cleaning the side surfaces.
In unity with the width of the machine, its depth is also considered, on which the size of the drum directly depends, and therefore the capacity. Quite often it is necessary to sacrifice the quantitative value of the load in order to accommodate the equipment. An acceptable option for small rooms are washing machines with a depth of 45 cm and a standard width of 60 cm.
Meeting the needs of customers, modern industry produces washing machines with different widths.
How to save useful space: washing machines with a width of 40 cm, 45 cm
In apartments and houses with combined bathrooms, it is sometimes very difficult to allocate space for a vending machine, since there is no free part of the wall. In these situations, models with a width of 40 or 45 cm with vertical loading come to the rescue. Such devices are considered small-sized washing machines.
Most often they are installed in corner areas or placed between shower cabins, washbasins, racks, floor cabinets, etc. The specifics of this type of equipment does not require a large amount of free surrounding space – it is only necessary to provide an approach. Visually, the machines resemble a bedside table or pencil case. They look bulky, which has a positive effect on the overall perception of the room space.
The differences between a washing machine with a width of 45 cm and a similar model with a size of 40 cm are in the size of the drum. The weight of the maximum load of the second option is 1-1.5 kg less.
With a critically small living area, small-sized cars of this type are installed in the hallways, placing them in a place where communications do not need to be pulled along the walls, reducing the space of the room. The compactness of the buildings, the modest design of small-sized machines with vertical loading allow the machines to coexist with furniture without negatively affecting the interior of the premises.
Modest dimensions and full loading: washing machines with a width of 50 cm, 55 cm
Washing machines with a width of 50 cm and 55 cm with front loading are classified as small-sized. They are not always purchased for small rooms with a limited area. Many prefer such options due to the rationality of use. The depth of these devices is 39-45 cm. The drum holds 4-4.5 kg of laundry. This is the optimal weight for a one-time bookmark of an average family of 4 people.
It is impractical to purchase a washing machine with a capacity of 6-7 kg in order to wash a blanket or a bedspread in it twice a year. Usually the calculation is done on the basis of bed linen. It can be done as follows: 2 duvet covers (the duvet cover weighs about 1 kg); 2 sheets, 2 pillowcases – about 3 kg, you can add a significant number of things.
It is unlikely that 4 sets will be put into the machine at once. Firstly, they probably differ in the color and quality of the fabric. Secondly, they must be hung up at the same time for drying, and there is not always enough space for this.
A 55 cm wide washing machine can have a slightly larger drum, and its maximum load is usually 5 kg. Such models are popular for installation in kitchens under the countertop. The depth allows you to fit the unit under the work surface, while maintaining the necessary sanitary zone.
Useful advice! When choosing a compact washing machine with a full load (4.5–5 kg), it should be borne in mind that such units are characterized by stronger vibration than full-sized models.
Models of compact vertical washing machines
The minimum width of compact vertical loading machines is 40 cm. The depth, regardless of the width, is 60 cm. Such machines are purchased not only for small rooms, but also for rooms with a complex layout. The shape of the case allows you to install equipment in wall niches, piers, in passageways.
Small-sized vertical washing machines are often bought for dachas where there is no specially designated room for household needs. The machines are installed to the walls, through which communications can be connected from the outside – water and drain.
The freedom to install washing machines with a vertical loading view may be limited by the upper location of various items. That is, the unit cannot be placed under hinged cabinets, boilers or columns, since opening the lid requires free external space – 50-60 cm (depending on the model).
Clothes dryers: choosing the best model for home use
Types of dryers. Selection criteria. Rating of the best drying units. Features of the installation of drying machines.
The dimensions of narrow washing machines to some extent limit the functionality of this type of equipment. For half-loading, regulation of the dosage of the washing powder used, temperature, etc., sensors are needed that require additional internal space of the housing. The drying function is also impossible with such dimensions of the machines.
Full-sized vertical loading washing machines
Some people prefer washing machines with vertical loading not because of their compact size, but mostly because they are convenient to use. No need to bend down to lay the laundry. And the condition of the hatch is easier to control, that is, situations are excluded when the machine signals that it is not closed.
If you look through the catalogs of models with vertical loading on websites on the Internet, you can note that the dimensions of washing machines are standard in two indicators: width – 40, 45cm, depth – 60 cm. The capacity of these units is provided by the height. The maximum load is 7 kg at a height of 90 cm.
Some consider the lack of a transparent hatch in this type of washing machines to be a disadvantage, which allows you to see unnecessary objects getting into the drum and turn off the equipment.
Machines with vertical loading are considered more durable. There are no statistical data confirming this, but some design features of the devices allow them to be evaluated in this way. The drum of such an assembly is attached to two oppositely mounted shafts, on which it rotates. In front-loading machines, the shaft is located on one side, and the loading hatch is located on the other.
Modern models of full-sized machines are equipped with drum parking systems (after washing, it takes the necessary position) and an additional loading function.
Important! The location of the control panel on the machine with vertical loading in the far part of the top cover makes it less tempting and more inaccessible to children.
The height of the washing machine and its impact on the operating conditions of the equipment
An important indicator when choosing a technique is the height of the washing machine. Most models have standard indicators – 85 cm. Each machine is equipped with legs, with which you can set the required level and increase the height by 3-4 cm.
For free-standing cars, height is of secondary importance. Given the small size of typical bathrooms, where this technique is most often placed, and the tendency to rational use of space, shelves, lockers or heating devices are hung over front-loading machines.
Sometimes automatic dryers are placed.
Useful advice! The space between the upper surface of the machine and the objects placed above should be left so much to use it rationally: for storing various hygiene supplies, cosmetics, detergents, etc.
As for the size of the built-in washing machines, the height is the dominant indicator when choosing a model. This parameter should allow the case to fit into a well-equipped niche.
When installing a washing machine with vertical loading, the total height should be calculated taking into account the raised manhole cover. In some models, it can reach 130 cm.
Non-standard models: washing machines with a height of 70 cm or less
Narrow washing machines can be placed on a small area, but sometimes there is no free space at all, since preference is given to a comfortable bath or shower box. An original solution may be to place a washing machine under the sink. This installation method cannot be considered simple, since it is necessary to find a washbasin of the right size, having an extreme side drain.
In addition to functionality, aesthetic requirements are also imposed on the design of the bathroom. To ensure them, it is necessary to think over the supply of communications, pick up a typewriter and a sink that will be harmonious in terms of design.
The requirements for the size of washing machines under the sink are as follows:
- height not more than 70 cm;
- the depth of the machine is 15 cm (at least) less than the depth of the sink;
- the width is 2-4 cm less than the width of the shell.
Only washing machines with horizontal loading are suitable for installation in this position. It is not difficult to find a model of a small height. There are especially many variants of 60-centimeter units.
Useful advice! When placing a washing machine under the sink, it is better to choose deep models of washbasins. This format prevents water splashing as much as possible and allows you to maintain the aesthetics of household appliances.
Washing machine 80 cm high: the best option for embedding
The height of 80 cm (sometimes 1-2 cm more) is typical for embedded models. The machines designed for this method of installation have some structural differences in the housing. The lower part is complemented by a special recess, in which a plinth common to the lower furniture modules of the kitchen is installed.
On the front side of the machine there are hinges necessary for hanging the door, which is identical to the front parts of the headset and completely covers the niche. The side parts of the body of the built-in washing machines are reinforced with sheets of stamped metal that protect the equipment from the penetration of moisture vapors, grease and allow the unit to be stably fixed.
The standard height of a washing machine of this type can be increased due to adjustable legs, which in such models have a large range and can lift the body up to 9 cm above the floor level.
Embedded models of washing machines have a number of undeniable advantages:
- do not violate the interior design of the room;
- allow you to free up space in the bathroom;
- they work silently and have almost no vibration.
The disadvantages include the high cost and a fairly small assortment.
The washing machine is compact and full-sized: advantages and disadvantages
The dimensions of the washing machine are important when choosing the placement conditions. The influence of dimensions on functional characteristics is also important. Both compact variants and full-sized models have both advantages and disadvantages. They must be taken into account when choosing this type of household appliances. The advantages of small washing machines include:
- economical water consumption;
- using a small amount of electricity;
- availability of tanks of sufficient capacity (up to 6 kg);
- possibility of placement on a small area;
- light weight.
Of the disadvantages of compact models, first of all, their price should be highlighted. It would seem that with savings in all indicators, the cost should also be appropriate, but the prices for such models, compared with full-sized machines with a similar set of functions, are 20-30% higher.
The positive characteristics of washing machines, the dimensions of which correspond to standard indicators, include the following:
- they provide economical consumption of water and electricity due to the one-time loading of a large amount of laundry;
- significant weight reduces the vibration of the unit during operation;
- almost all washing machines have a nice design, full-fledged dimensions enhance the presentability of the appearance of the equipment;
- the width of the loading hatches allows you to put bulky things in the drum.
The disadvantages of full-sized machines include the need for a significant amount of space for placement.
Useful advice! If there is freedom of placement conditions, you should choose the dimensions of the machine corresponding to the required operating capacity (the amount of laundry loading).
Dimensions of washing machines: about the importance of small things when choosing
So that the acquired miracle of technology – a washing machine – does not cause problems during installation and upsets during use, it is worth considering several points that at first glance may seem secondary:
With the advent of automatic washing machines in homes, washing ceased to be the lot of only women who run the household. Any family member of a conscious age, if necessary and desired, can use the technique. Washing machines not only save women’s time and effort, but also give them a certain psychological relief. When comparing the quality of hand and machine washing, the advantages are also on the side of the latter. The main thing is to choose the most suitable model correctly.