Reismusovye machines on wood: prices and characteristics of devices
The production of wooden blanks somehow implies the use of reissue machines. The need to adjust them to a single size, as well as to give them an attractive appearance, forces craftsmen to use various devices for this. Let’s look at the differences between wood-cutting machines: prices, technical characteristics and the most popular models of these devices.
The principle of operation of the reissue machine on wood
The main task for which the reaming machines are used is smoothing the surface of the wood, as well as calibrating the products to one required size. Such a construction is used only for rectilinear planing. At the same time , household railings consist of the following elements:
- the main cutting element of the structure, aka the knife shaft;
- working surface;
The working surface of the table consists of two parts. One of them is the feeder, and the second is the receiver. There is a knife shaft between them, which produces cutting. The element that enters the table is supported by rollers, thus ensuring smooth and safe cutting.
Pay attention! The part can be fed both automatically and manually. How this will happen depends on the machine model.
As a rule, wooden parts are delivered to the planer after they have passed the initial processing on the jointer, but in most cases these two functions are combined in one device. It is on such devices that we will focus our attention today.
According to the type of planing, there are two types of machines: for longitudinal cutting and for transverse. Which one to choose depends on what size elements you have to work with. If the parts are small, then the first option is used, and if large, then the second.
There are machines that are equipped with several knife shafts at the same time. They, in turn, can be unilateral, bilateral or quadrilateral. Such modifications allow the machine to process several parts simultaneously.
The device and technical characteristics of reismusovyh household machines
The body of the woodworking machine is always made of cast iron and has four support legs. In order for the working surface to be able to move vertically, special lifting screws are installed in the side parts. In modern models, the height of the table can be adjusted using a flywheel, and in simpler or outdated devices, only the engine can move. The table remains stationary at the same time.
During operation, the blank is located in the horizontal plane of the desktop and, if necessary, is held by special rollers. Its promotion is due to an automatic mechanism or side rollers that rotate simultaneously with the shaft, thus promoting the blank. In order to ensure better adhesion to polymer materials, the surface of the roller is rubberized.
Among the most common and popular improvements of such machines, it is possible to note the possibility of lengthening the working surface, as well as adjusting its height. These parameters determine the possibility of processing boards of various sizes.
Features of working on a stationary electric jointer
Let’s briefly consider how exactly the process of working at the machine takes place. Initially, the jointing machine is designed to plan rectilinear parts from two sides. This happens as follows: the part is placed on the table at an angle of 90 ° relative to the knife shaft. If the material is supplied manually, then the part is attached by hands from both sides, and gradually fed towards the knives.
Useful advice! In order for the result of the work to be of better quality, it is necessary to get the hang of moving the part with only one hand. If you move them at the same time, the processed part will shift, which will lead to the unusability of the element.
The planing process on a planer machine involves processing the remaining sides of the parts. Here, the feed is almost always automatic, since only craftsmen with many years of experience can accurately and correctly manually feed the part. A beginner will have to spoil a lot of material to achieve the desired result.
The mechanism of action of a stationary electric jointer is quite simple: two rollers, they are also guides, feed the part forward, towards the knife shaft. On the reverse side, the elements are taken in an already processed form, and the chips are simply showered on the floor, or collected in a specially designated place.
It is important to know that if it is necessary to work with long parts, for example, door panels, the exit part of the table should be long enough to be able to accept them.
Classification and characteristics of planer-jointing machines on wood
Different models of jointing machines have different technical characteristics and, depending on them, are divided into classes. Therefore, before you buy a wood cutting machine, familiarize yourself with the properties of the products and the associated features of use.
The machines can be divided into groups, focusing on the following indicators:
- the width of the product, the processing of which is possible on this machine. It can be determined by the length of the machine itself. Obviously, it will be impossible to process a part that will not fit on the desktop;
- the thickness of the product that can be processed. As a rule, household machines that are used at home cannot fully process parts whose thickness exceeds 10 mm. For industrial devices, this indicator reaches 160 mm;
Pay attention! Many devices allow you to adjust the cutting depth, thanks to a special control unit. It is much easier and more convenient to work with such models.
- the machines also differ in the power of the electric motor installed in them. Depending on what the device is used for, its power can be in the range from 1 to 44 kW. Although more powerful devices are also used in industry. For domestic use, models with low power are chosen, primarily to reduce energy costs;
- the division into types also occurs according to such an indicator as chip removal. This process can be carried out either manually or be fully automated. It is important here that all the chips are removed during operation, otherwise the quality of cutting wood may noticeably suffer;
- machine models can differ significantly from each other in the degree of automation. So, some devices have additional pedals and even remote controls.
All these characteristics can occur in both one-sided and two-sided models. Therefore, you will easily find an option that will suit you both in terms of characteristics and cost.
What to pay attention to and how to choose a jointing and reaming machine for home
Suppose you have already assessed your needs and are ready to purchase the machine model you like. What can get in the way? There are several issues that need to be resolved before making a purchase: determine the installation location and find out whether the floor will withstand such a weight load.
In addition to the fact that the machine must be located indoors and protected from rain, snow and sun, it needs power. Also, the device must be installed in such a way that you have the opportunity to approach it from any side. This is the only way its use will be convenient. It is not always easy to implement this, especially in small rooms.
As for the weight of the device, it is necessary to assess whether the surface on which you are going to install will withstand such a load. If the weight of the machine is too large, experts recommend placing a special plate under the base, which will help evenly distribute the weight and will not allow the coating to deform.
It is also worth paying attention to the cost of the device. Sufficiently hardy models with average performance are unlikely to cost less than 20 thousand rubles. Of course, you can find cheaper models, but they are more suitable for single uses, rather than for permanent work.
Useful advice! Be sure to take into account the reputation of the manufacturer whose products you purchase. Read reviews on the forums about the quality of their machines, as well as about possible features of operation.
Wood cutting machines: prices and characteristics of popular models
Household reismus machines come in a wide variety of sizes and characteristics. Parameters such as engine power, dimensions and weight can differ significantly from each other, which makes it possible to choose exactly the model that is most suitable for specific purposes.
Let’s look at several popular manufacturers whose products can easily be found on the domestic market, and pay attention to their offers: machine models, characteristics and cost.
Reismus Makita: advantages, disadvantages and features
The Makita 2012 NB planer is one of the most popular options, due to its compactness, ease of use, and relatively light weight. The dimensions of the machine are 483x771x401 mm, and the weight is 28.1 kg. The device has an indicator lamp indicating readiness for operation, and is also equipped with special handles for convenient transportation. The average price of the machine is 35-40 thousand rubles.
The advantages of this model include the possibility of automatic feeding of the workpiece, a powerful 1650 W motor, low noise level during operation (up to 83 dB) and the presence of a convenient system with which you can adjust the depth of immersion of knives. Among the disadvantages, we can note the insufficiently thought-out protection of internal mechanisms from dust and chips, which leads to the need to regularly clean the device in order to avoid malfunctions.
According to the owners of this machine, it is quite convenient, thanks to the combination of small size and high performance. In addition, it can be easily found on sale in almost any specialty store.
Useful advice! If during operation you need to buy knives for reysmus or other accessories, it is better to contact the same supplier where the machine was purchased.
The Kraton jointing machine: videos, reviews and specifications
Among the models produced by the domestic company Kraton, you can find inexpensive versions of machines that are perfect for infrequent home use. The Kraton WMP-02 machine has dimensions of 705x410x435 mm (table size 600×230 mm) and a weight of 12.8 kg. This model is equipped with a nozzle that allows you to connect a vacuum cleaner. The cost of the machine is 18-24 thousand rubles.
The advantages include the rigid prefabricated structure of the device, the presence of a special casing to protect the knife shaft, as well as the possibility of adjusting the parallel stop along the vertical angle. Among the disadvantages, it should be noted a small power – 1300 watts.
User reviews claim that the main advantage of this machine is its lightness. Compared to other models, it has a small weight, although it is worth noting that its power is slightly less. In any case, it will be useful to watch video reviews that are offered on specialized sites in order to form your own opinion about this device.
Useful advice! If you are planning to equip your own full-fledged workshop, then it is best to get a machine for sharpening knives for jointer. This way you will save yourself the need to seek outside help.
Corvette railmuses: the perfect combination of power and quietness
As an alternative option, you can consider purchasing a Corvette 21 Reismus with a sliding work surface. It has a large engine power of 1500 watts and at the same time a minimum noise level during operation. The machine has a rather large weight of 40 kg with dimensions of 610x370x470 mm. The price of the unit is in the range of 21-25 thousand rubles.
As users note, the ability of the machine to work quietly completely compensates for its heavy weight. And the sliding work surface allows the device to take up less free space at a time when it is not in use.
Reismus Jet: pros and cons of using the machine in work
The Jet JPT 10B jointer machine is another modern model designed to facilitate the process of planing workpieces. Its main distinguishing feature is the presence of a special stand or so–called legs that hold the device at the required height. The device provides for the possibility of adjusting the angle of inclination of the parallel stop and the depth of planing.
The dimensions of the model are 980x470x1120 mm, weight 34 kg, among the disadvantages, users note a high noise level during operation. The cost of the machine is from 34 to 36 thousand rubles.
If you want to buy a jointing machine for wood or a reamus that would perform all functions on a par with powerful and bulky devices, then Jet JPT 10B is an ideal option.
Useful advice! Take care in advance of where you will place the machine with a high noise level. Obviously, the further away from residential premises it will be installed, the better. It also does not hurt to equip additional noise insulation of the walls of the workshop.
Interskol reissue machine
According to the manufacturer, the Interskol railmus is the perfect combination of simplicity and quality. Thoughtful design allows you to fully use this machine in the woodworking industry.
The Interskol RS 330/1500 machine with a weight of 33 kg is equipped with a 1500 W motor with a double winding. The device is equipped with overload protection, it is possible to connect a chip pump. The price of the machine is in the range of 27-31 thousand rubles.
The Interskol Railmus occupies a special place in its segment and is found in operation quite often. Reviews of this machine model indicate a carefully thought-out and convenient design, as well as an optimal combination of price and quality.
Prices and characteristics of other models of reamus machines
Despite the growing popularity of foreign goods, some domestic factory machines continue to maintain their popularity. Let’s consider the main characteristics of the four most popular models of reissue machines:
|The Reismus model||Power, kW||Width/depth of planing, mm||Drum rotation speed, rpm.||Cutting depth, mm||Weight, kg||Dimensions, mm||Price, rub.|
|Mogilev IE 6009A 4.2||2,4||280/3||2300||50||70||870x465x320||16000|
How to independently set up a planer-jointer machine
Another important point that can be useful both in working with the machine is its adjustment. It will definitely be required before starting work, as well as periodically throughout the entire life of the device.
If you do not take the necessary measures to set up the device, over time, the quality of its operation will noticeably deteriorate. To prevent such a situation, it is necessary to follow simple recommendations and rules that will help keep the mechanism in proper condition:
- the smoothness of the treated surface directly depends on how smoothly the desktop is placed, so make sure that there are no distortions;
- the appearance of transverse dents on the surface indicates that the roller requires adjustment. Most likely, the reason for the appearance of defects is its excessively low location;
- if you are not satisfied with the smoothness of the resulting surface, try lowering the lower rollers a little lower. As a rule, their incorrect location causes vibration, and, as a result, irregularities;
- pay attention to the adjustment of the rear pad. It should not exert pressure on the part, otherwise, due to a decrease in the feed rate, it is impossible to avoid the appearance of a groove on the surface.
- the ingress of chips on the rear roller often leads to defects on the parts, as well as their jamming in the mechanism. To avoid this, take care of the correct installation of the canopy.
Ways to eliminate possible problems of the reissue machine
Even with very careful handling, the machine is not immune from the appearance of standard problems for this type of device. In case of their occurrence, it is necessary to start repair immediately, as this may cause a dangerous situation during operation. Most of these breakdowns can be easily eliminated on their own. Let’s consider a few of the most common cases:
- the desktop surface is skewed. If this happens, then as a result you will get non-parallel upper and lower surfaces of the part. To avoid this, it is enough to tighten one of the adjustment bolts;
- excessive pressure of the grooved roller on the workpiece. You will easily notice this problem by the appearance of transverse recesses on the surface of the workpiece. Another problem is the location of the rollers is too high. In this case, during processing, the workpiece will vibrate or bend, and the surface will eventually turn out to be insufficiently smooth and smooth. The solution will be the adjustment of the roller;
- an unregulated rear pad can also be a problem. While the workpiece will pass through the feed rollers, the part will start to stop, although the cutters do not stop their work and continue to move. As a result – the appearance of a deep recess along the entire length of the workpiece;
- and the most common problem is getting chips into the rear roller. This is fraught with the appearance of characteristic grooves on the part that has been processed. The cause of this problem may be the incorrect location of the protective visor or malfunction of the extractor.
As the long-term practice of using such structures in domestic conditions shows, it is not enough to buy a jointing and reaming machine. Like any other mechanism, it requires proper care and attention. However, by providing him with this minimum, you can count on his correct and accurate work for many years.