Pliers and pliers: two of the casket are the same from the face
Being an indispensable attribute of electricians and occupying a worthy place in the work suitcases of mechanics, as well as many other craftsmen, pliers and pliers deservedly received the title of the most popular tools. However, no one really notices the differences between them, since the tools are very similar in appearance. But there are still differences, and quite significant ones. It’s not for nothing that there are separate technical requirements and GOST standards for each of them.
Pliers and pliers: what is the difference between the variations of hinge-lip tools
The history of the appearance of devices of this group goes back at least to the era of the Greek gods. Since time immemorial, mankind has been familiar with the blacksmith’s tongs. Over time, changes occurred not only in the society of people, but also in tools. It is not known exactly when and by whom the drawing of the pliers, which are the prototype of modern products, was created. However, it is undeniable that the thing turned out to be incredibly practical and necessary.
Modern hinge-lip tools are characterized by a wide variety. The main variations that are presented to the attention of consumers are:
- round pliers;
- wire cutters;
Each of the above categories has subspecies that differ in parameters such as the size of the work surface, shape, and purpose. For example, round pliers cope with the task of cutting cable cores in the best way.
It’s interesting! The cone-shaped shape of the tool provides comfort in the process of bending cable cores.
The different shapes of the cutting part and its different dimensions dictate the features of the operation of the cutters. For example, products created for the repair of electronic devices are characterized by smaller sizes. You should know that they are absolutely not suitable for cutting cables of different purposes, since it is inconvenient and impractical.
To perform work related to delicate materials, special nozzles are used – plastic or made from other raw materials. The presence of notches on the round pliers allows you to fix the part with maximum reliability during the soldering of the boards. At the same time, the special shape and angle of the sponges make it possible to get into the most inaccessible areas.
What is the difference between pliers and pliers: the main parameters of the tools
According to the interpretation of GOST, pliers are a tool designed to capture and clamp pipes and parts of various shapes. Externally, the products are very similar to pliers. They are equipped with flat sponges, which are a continuation of the working area for capturing bolts or tubes. In addition, the presented tools are most often endowed with side cutters to eliminate insulation.
Let’s take a closer look at the difference between pliers and pliers. It is necessary to note the following features of these tools:
- the possibility of adjusting the gap of the working surface of the sponges and the degree of force of the product by rearranging the hinge is provided only for pliers;
- pliers are tools designed to perform only one action, while pliers are multifunctional products.;
- pliers are equipped with wire cutters for snacking non-thick wire, high-strength steel is used in their manufacture;
- pliers are often characterized by a flat working surface with a notch along the entire length.
It’s interesting! In the modern market, you can also find combined pliers of 200 mm, but this is the exception rather than the rule.
In addition, it is worth noting that the design of the pliers is designed for a greater compression force. This means that manufacturers select the appropriate brand of material for these products – exactly the one that is characterized by a greater degree of strength.
Perhaps the most significant difference between pliers and pliers is that the former provide the opportunity to solve a greater number of different household tasks. In many ways, they can be an excellent replacement for end pliers, small home vises or side cutters, capturing almost any small-sized object.
What pliers are needed for: secrets of tool functionality
This type of tool belongs to the group of metalwork and assembly products. Speaking of what the pliers are made of, it is worth noting that their design is quite simple and is represented by so-called sponges and handles. Thanks to the sponges having a rectangular cross-section and a pyramidal shape, they are used to capture various objects or bend metal elements.
In accordance with GOST, pliers are produced in several variations:
- with short and long sponges – ranging from 25 to 55 mm and from 50 to 64 mm, respectively;
- with standard handles and insulating elements that provide the ability to perform work under high voltage.
As for the total length of the instrument, it is in the range from 12 to 22 cm. At the same time, high-quality tool steel U7A, which has been fully hardened, is used in the manufacturing process. Finished products are subjected to anticorrosive treatment by chrome plating, chemical oxidation or phosphating. The shade of the tool directly depends on the processing method – it can be metallic, matte gray or black.
Speaking about the types of pliers, it should be noted that, in addition to the classic samples, there are also other variations of them on the market, intended for work of a particular nature. For example, the so-called “platypuses” are pliers with elongated elements that resemble tweezers. At the same time, thanks to the powerful handles, they are characterized by a high pressing force. There are also products with curved sponges, which will be an excellent solution for performing work in hard-to-reach places.
Pliers: photos and a few words about the varieties of products
In addition to the above options, other types of products are no less popular. These include:
- for wires.
Clamping pliers are devices that operate on the principle of a hand vise. Most of these tools are equipped with an adjustable screw, which additionally performs the function of clamping the lips, thus increasing the pressure.
It’s interesting! In addition to being used as clamps in various situations, clamp-type pliers are often used in the process of welding.
Adjustable pliers are another necessary tool in every master’s kit. These products are an ideal option for turning and grabbing a variety of objects, including nuts and bolts, by connecting the lips with a hinge method. Due to their versatility, such tools can replace most of the wrenches.
As for insulated pliers, they have rubberized handles, which act as a guarantee of safety during electrical installation work.
Pliers: the embodiment of practicality and versatility
Since pliers (photos of products can be found on the Internet) are close “relatives” of pliers, they are very popular in the process of performing both plumbing and electrical installation, as well as many other types of work.
One of the main features of pliers is the presence of a notch on their working surface with notches. This part is designed to capture and hold smooth round objects firmly. Often pliers have a combined sponge surface. This means that, in addition to a separate recess for round parts, there is a part of a flat working area. In addition, some tools are equipped with several recesses for parts of various sizes.
It’s interesting! Many are wondering how to correctly – “pasatizhi” or “pliers”? According to the rules, it is necessary to use the second spelling.
A feature of adjustable pliers is that they allow you to adjust the compression ratio of the sponges. It is for this purpose that several variations of the hinge arrangement in specially designed slots are provided in their design. The process of rearranging it is quite simple, it boils down to diluting the handles and moving to the desired recess.
In addition to the compression ratio, it is also possible to adjust the distance between the edges of the sponges, thus expanding the range of dimensions of the captured objects. Regardless of the price, pliers are often equipped with side cutters. By means of these elements, it is possible to remove insulation and cut wire or cable cores. In addition, they can be endowed with special edges on the front of the sponges, which makes it possible to cut solid wire.
Another parameter that determines the difference between pliers and pliers is the expanded working area of the latest tools by equipping them with notches on the handles located immediately behind the joint of the hinge type. Thanks to this, it is possible to capture parts not only by means of sponges.
Pay attention! To date, Knipex pliers, manufactured by the famous German company, have won the special respect of many users. These products are famous for their high quality and reliability.
In addition, pliers can be both locksmith and electric type. At the same time, the latest models must necessarily have a marking indicating a maximum voltage of 1000 V.
Professional side cutters: little helpers in big things
Among the most common cutting tools are the so-called wire cutters. In fact, these are side cutters-pliers, the functioning of which is based on the principle of the lever. It is due to it that the force that must be applied to the surface of the object being processed increases in order to crack the material through the cutting edges.
The main components of wire cutters are:
Manual and electric metal shears: overview of cutting tools
Characteristics of the tools. Varieties of devices based on the principle of operation and constructive execution. Overview of models.
The assortment of the modern tool market is represented by various models of side cutters. For example, precision products are designed to carry out precise work, dielectric ones provide the ability to work with wires under a voltage of up to 1000 V, and reinforced ones will cope with the task of cutting metal, reinforcement and wire with a diameter of more than 3 mm.
The peculiarity of diagonal tools that are used for snacking steel and copper wires is that their heads are located at a certain angle to the surface of the handle. Professional models are made of tool steel, which undergoes multi-stage hardening. The two working sections of the presented devices are connected to each other by means of a hinge on the axis, which is able to withstand a monotonous load within 75 kg.
Secrets of choosing side cutters: how to avoid mistakes
Before you start the process of selecting tools, you should clearly define what they will be used for. For use in a household environment, classic small-sized side cutters are quite suitable. By means of them it will be possible to repair electrical wiring, cut wire, and also to carry out cable stripping. If the tools are necessary for professional use, each master focuses on personal needs.
In addition, you should pay attention to the material that was used to make the working part. The cutting edges of products that deserve the right to be called high-quality are made of hardened steel, and therefore are characterized by unsurpassed strength. Even after working with wire made of steel, it is unlikely that you will see notches on them. Ideally, the working surface of any side cutter should have an anti-corrosion coating.
An equally important element that deserves special attention is the handle of the tool. The longer it is, the more effort you will need to make in the process of performing the work.
Important! To prevent the hand from slipping off at the most crucial moment, it is better to give preference to tools whose handle coating has a relief texture.
The handles of truly high-quality products are endowed with a coating that is characterized by resistance to temperature changes, as well as to the effects of oils and many other chemicals. Since this tool is designed for comfortable work in various conditions, all its elements should be as reliable as possible.
In conclusion, it is worth noting that side cutters (side pliers) are not the tool that cannot be replaced during home repair work. However, installers, electricians and locksmiths, who often face the need to bite cables, wires, nails and fittings, will certainly appreciate their properties.
Goebbels: features and distinctive features of the instrument
Goebbels are a tool that is a kind of pliers, which is used by both amateurs and professionals. They are often used in pairs, and in a wide range of tasks – from plumbing installation to vehicle repair.
According to the standard, all adjustable pliers are made of special tool steel, which is characterized by the presence of vanadium and chromium in the composition. Due to this, they acquire qualities identical to the properties of wire pliers, which allows them to perform work under voltage. During their manufacture, not only stamping is used, but also forging elements. At the same time, key parts (head and fasteners) are sanded.
As for the handles, they often occupy no more than 40% of the total length of the product. They are covered with a special compound that prevents slipping. This not only increases comfort during work, but also protects hands from injury.
The Goebbels head, as well as a similar part of the pliers, is the part of the product that can have a different level of inclination, amounting to 90 or 45 degrees. Regardless of the value of this parameter, it is always quite narrow and relatively long. Due to the presence of a special notch in it, you can easily carry out work even in narrow and inconvenient places.
Depending on their design , Goebbels are divided into two main groups:
In the process of performing work at a significant height, the best solution would be to use a tool with a special loop designed to insure the wrist. Thus, the probability of the product falling at the most crucial moment due to careless grip is excluded. When working with plastic pipes or ceramics, it is better to give preference to sponge nozzles, which will reliably protect the surface of the part from various damages.
Pay attention! The modern market presents many models from various manufacturers. A well-known company for the manufacture of professional Goebbels and pliers NWS deserves special attention. The high level of quality of the brand’s products is confirmed by the special marking Solingen.
In addition, you can find products whose homeland is Sweden or Germany. They are also distinguished by high quality materials, ergonomics and modern design.
Pliers and pliers: secrets of a good choice
At the first stage of selecting tools, it is necessary to determine which tasks they are intended for. This need is due to the fact that some models can be used to perform a variety of jobs, while other products are characterized by a narrower specialization.
As soon as the type of instrument has been determined, it is necessary to conduct a small personal study. To do this, you can read specialized reviews, watch videos, and compare pictures of pliers and pliers made by various companies. Among other things, it should be remembered that the products may differ in the composition of the metal, the finish of the handles, weight, degree of convenience in girth, performance and design.
Useful advice! If material possibilities allow, it is better to give preference to professional tools.
And this is not a whim at all, but a real advantage of professional products over amateur ones. Surely it will be very insulting to be left without pliers in the midst of work, or to throw out the side cutters after a dozen bitten off pieces of wire due to their unsuitability. As for the professional set of pliers, it will last for a long time for use in everyday life.
In the selection process, the hinge also deserves special attention. There should be no backlash on it. If the stroke is soft, smooth, the surfaces touch evenly, and the handles on the handles are located securely and there is no free sliding, it means that we managed to find a truly high-quality product.
In many cases, pliers can become quite a worthy replacement for other tools. Before you go shopping, you should be as clear as possible about what tasks you plan to use them for.
The modern tool market has a huge assortment of pliers, the price of which varies depending on the type of products and manufacturer. Thus, each master has the opportunity to choose the optimal tool that will become a reliable assistant in the process of performing certain works.