Installation of the heating system of a private house with your own hands: scheme
Heating your house is not so difficult. Here is what you will need to build a heating system of a private house with your own hands: a diagram of the installation of equipment and communications, the necessary amount of materials, knowledge and useful tips offered below.
How to arrange the heating of a private house with your own hands: schemes of various options
Already at the design stage, future owners should decide on the type of heating system for a country house, designed to warm the household with warmth for many years. It depends on many important circumstances. The main ones are: the availability of utilities connected to the construction site, the cost of a resource in a particular area. According to the type of location of heat sources in the room, all options can be divided into:
- spot: stoves, heaters, gas and electric heaters;
- distributed: liquid radiators connected by pipes.
If you have certain knowledge and skills, you can create any of the listed heating of a private house with your own hands. Diagrams with a description can be easily found on the web, and the main points of installation must be read in advance.
Solid fuel heat sources
According to the energy source, all heating devices can be divided into: solid fuel, liquid fuel, gas and electric. Solid fuel stoves include classic wood-burning stoves made of metal or brick. In many places they are still functioning properly. Today, a large number of populated areas still do not have gas supply, so residents are forced to make a choice between a conventional stove and an electric boiler. So far, firewood is cheaper than electricity in terms of m2 of heated volume. The disadvantages of this option include the presence of garbage in the house from firewood, and the need to heat the stoves twice a day in winter.
Useful advice! If it is impossible to arrange more modern heating in the house, you can optimize the use of stoves. To do this, it is recommended to purchase a long-burning furnace and use it as an energy center for powering a liquid radiator heating system.Gorenje
Spot gas and electrical appliances
Among other things, you can arrange a heating system for a private house with your own hands, the scheme of which provides only for the installation of several heating devices in different rooms. There are various electric or gas heaters in mind. They can be of the convection type or infrared. The first involve the propagation of heat directly from the heated elements of the devices by convection, and the second emit infrared, invisible to the human eye electromagnetic waves that can cause acceleration of the movement of molecules in surrounding objects, thereby contributing to the release of heat by them. These devices consume 30% less electricity.
The easiest way to create this type of heating of a private house with your own hands. Diagrams, videos and instructions for heating devices can be understood by everyone. Installation of devices of this type is not difficult. The device is put in the right place and plugged into the network. The difficulty may arise only with the connection of a gas heater. However, this device is not very popular, since it does not have sufficient mobility and stands only at the point where the gas pipeline is removed. In addition, there is an open fire in it, which is unsafe for use in residential premises.
Useful advice! Heaters, unlike conventional electric heaters, supply hot air from the heating elements with a fan, so the room heats up much faster. At the same time, unfortunately, they use a large amount of electricity. Such devices are recommended to be used in dachas for rapid heating in winter with infrequent visits.
Point heat sources are not commonly used as the main heating of a private house. It is not difficult to repeat the scheme of this design with your own hands, but it does not meet all the requirements for heating houses in the middle latitudes.
Full-fledged liquid systems
This is the most popular way to provide heat to various rooms, including residential buildings. If in urban apartments the liquid coolant is heated in central boiler rooms and pumps are pumped through all apartments, then in a private house it needs to be heated independently. This can be done with the help of any energy: electric or generated by the combustion of any fuel. It often doesn’t matter which fuel is burning. It can be firewood, dry briquettes, gas or fuel oil. For each of them there are their own furnaces and boilers, some of which function normally on various types of fuel.
Of course, you can build such a heating system of a private house with your own hands. The scheme of its installation is always about the same:
- an oven or boiler installed in a special room or in a bathroom. Boilers can be electric or gas. Some modern models have two circuits and an automatic control system. The gas variants are equipped with a pipe for the exit of combustion products from them. They come with natural thrust or with forced exhaust. All boilers differ in power, on which the heating capacity of a particular area depends. Inside all boilers there are so-called grates or contours of thin tubes through which a liquid coolant circulates. It can be water, antifreeze or technical oil. Each circuit has an input and an output;
- a system of radiators connected to each other by pipes in series or in parallel. It is connected to the boiler circuit. Since the liquid is subject to thermal expansion to a large extent, there is always an expansion tank in the system, which can be a separate element or be part of the boiler;
- when heating large areas or houses with two or more floors, a centrifugal pump is installed in the system, which causes the liquid to circulate intensively through pipes and radiators, more efficiently exchanging heat with the surrounding air.
Knowing the basic principles, you can start creating a heating system for a private house with your own hands. Its scheme was outlined above, and the installation procedure can be found further.
Instructions for organizing the heating system of a private house with your own hands: device diagram
Before proceeding with the actual installation, it is necessary to calculate the need for materials. This can only be done if you know the required boiler capacity and the norms for the distribution of calories from radiators. To calculate the number of sections in the radiators of a private house, you need to know that 150 watts of power is needed per 1 m2. Knowing that the average power of a standard battery section is 15 watts, you can count the number of sections for any room. The power of the boiler itself should exceed by 10% the required for heating the whole house. For example, for the normal operation of a boiler for heating a house with an area of 100 m2, it is necessary that it has a capacity of more than 15 kW.
Let’s continue the instructions for the construction of heating a private house with our own hands. Diagrams, videos and nuances of various variants of this process can be read here. In general terms , you can follow the following algorithm:
Useful advice! In the upper part of the batteries there should be drain taps for venting air. Otherwise, it will not be possible to fill the system completely.
There are many types of organization of heating in a private house and ways of its installation. Which one to choose, each owner decides for himself in accordance with preferences and economic considerations.