How much timber is in a cube: calculation methods and calculation examples
Timber is a common building material that is used for the construction of residential buildings, baths and various outbuildings. Its range is quite wide. When calculating, it is necessary to calculate exactly how much timber is in the cube, since this data may be needed when purchasing it, as well as for further calculations. There are several ways to perform this kind of calculation.
How to calculate a cubic meter and why it is needed
Most often, materials made of wood are used in construction. In this case, it is very important to know how to convert the meters corresponding to the length of the segment into cubic (or vice versa). The cost of various products on the market can be indicated in different units of measurement. Sellers often set the price per square meter, so they also need to be able to determine.
To answer the question of how to calculate a cube, you need to remember one important rule: this unit corresponds to the volume of the material and is equal to the volume of the cube, the length of the edge of which is 1 m.
There are regulatory documents approved by the state, which indicate that wooden building materials must have measurable data (cross-section index and length). This rule allows you to easily calculate how many beams 150×150 in a cube, as well as the number of beams of any other size.
In turn, the size of the section is determined quite simply. In order to calculate this indicator, you need to step back 100 mm from the edge of the beam or board and measure the width and height of the product with a ruler. Next, you just need to multiply these parameters.
Useful information! To calculate the volume of 1 bar, you will need to take the previous value and multiply it by the length (length) of the wooden product.
After the above calculations, you can easily calculate how many bars are in the cube. Such simple calculations make it easy to navigate the market value of wood products. And also with the help of this formula it is much easier to determine the required amount of material that will be required for the construction of a particular structure.
How much timber is in a cube: features of calculating different materials
In the market of building materials, you can buy many varieties of wooden bars and boards. Basically, they differ in their geometric parameters, but do not forget about the shape. Let’s consider which wood products are the most used in the construction of private houses and various outbuildings:
- edged and uncut boards;
- tongue-and- groove board;
It is worth noting that wooden bars and edged board are the most common materials, the demand for them is maximum. In order to determine how much timber is 150 by 150 in a cube, you can use one of three methods: an online calculator, a formula, a table.
To calculate the tongue-and-groove, it is necessary to use only the indicators that were measured without taking into account the edges (tongue-and-groove). The parameter of the area without protrusions coincides with a similar figure of the already laid material.
In turn, the amount of lining is usually measured in meters corresponding to the usual length. This is very convenient, since it does not require conversion to other units of measurement. The same applies to OSB plates. Therefore, the method of determining the quantity of these products is the simplest.
The most difficult is the calculation of lumber, which is called an uncut board. In order to calculate the amount of this material in 1 cube, it is recommended not to calculate the width independently, but to look at the arithmetic mean. Otherwise, it will be quite difficult to determine the number of these items in the cube.
If necessary, you can use simpler ways to calculate a particular indicator of lumber. For example, special online calculators located on specialized sites are very popular. And you can also use another calculation method – tabular.
Calculation using an online timber calculator
With the help of special calculators, which can be easily found on the web, the calculation of the quantity or volume of a wooden beam is performed. It is important to note that such a program allows you to calculate both glued and profiled varieties of material.
The online calculator makes it possible to calculate the timber needed not only for the construction of a residential building, but also for a bathhouse or gazebo. The main advantage of this method is the high speed of calculation. With the help of such an application, you can determine how much paint will be needed to paint the surface of the beam, the number and cost of nails, insulation, crowns, etc.
Thus, the online calculator automatically calculates most of the indicators needed for construction. It is very important to choose the right type of lumber and specify the exact data in the appropriate cells, signed for convenience.
Pay attention! If a mistake was made, the calculator will give incorrect totals, which is fraught with a shortage or, conversely, overspending of wooden building materials. Therefore, when filling in the cells, you need to be careful.
The exact data that determine the type of material can be found by reviewing the construction budget. When using a timber calculator to build a house, you need to remember one more important rule: to determine the cube, you need to know the length of the wooden product. It must correspond to the standard value specified in the SNIP or tables (for example, 3 or 6 m). It is noticeable that these parameters are rounded and are the arithmetic mean of the length.
Experts recommend starting from the length of the walls of the future building when choosing this indicator.
Let’s consider what parameters are required in order to calculate how many pieces of timber 150x150x6000 in a cube or its volume. First of all, you will need to measure the width of the product, as well as its height. Both of these indicators are calculated in millimeters. Next, you need to fill in the column that corresponds to the total length of the walls. Moreover, the figure should be indicated taking into account the internal partitions, necessarily in meters.
Then the cell is filled in, in which you need to enter the height of the walls (in meters), after which the area of window and door openings is indicated. This indicator is calculated in square meters. It remains only to fill in the column indicating the length of the beam in meters.
Calculation of the amount of timber in a cube: formula
The cubature of 1 board, as well as the volume of a cube of wood, is determined using a similar formula. For clarity, it is necessary to study a step-by-step example that will allow you to independently calculate the required values of lumber. As mentioned above, to calculate it, you will need to determine the following parameters: the length, width and height of the beam.
In order not to get confused when calculating, experts recommend converting millimeter values into meters. For example, in order to determine how much timber is 150×150 in a cube, you need to replace the cross-section size with more suitable numbers (0,15×0,15). Accordingly, the length indicator remains intact, since it is already calculated in meters.
Next, you will need to use the formula directly, which allows you to very simply and quickly, and most importantly, independently calculate how much there will be 150×150 bars in a cube. Consider this mathematical expression:
V = L x h x b, where:
L is the length of the board;
h – height indicator;
b is the width indicator.
Thus, it turns out that you need to multiply the length, which is selected depending on the individual characteristics of the construction (for example, 6 m), by the width and height (0,15×0,15). As a result, the finished formula (with numbers inserted in the right places) will look like this: V = 6 x 0.15 x 0.15. The result of this mathematical expression will be the figure 0.135, which is the volume of one bar. Next, using this value, you can determine the amount of lumber in 1 cubic meter.
Pay attention! It is important to remember that such a formula is needed to calculate the volume of one bar. But at the same time, it is the first point in determining the number of wooden products in one cubic meter.
How much timber is in a cube 150x150x6000: formula
In turn, to calculate the amount of timber 150x150x6000 in 1 cubic meter, it is necessary to divide 1 m3 by the value that was obtained earlier, that is, by the volume of 1 wooden product. The mathematical formula itself will look like this:
N (pcs.) = 1 m3 / V
The formula with the substituted values in the finished form in this case will be as follows:
1 m3 / 0.135 m3 = 7 pcs.
Thus, the answer to the question of how many pieces in a cube of a bar 150 150 is the number 7. Now it remains only to find out the price for 1 bar. To do this, you will need to multiply the volume of the block, determined by the first formula, by the cost of 1 cubic meter of wood building material. The approximate price of bars of this volume is 6500 rubles. Therefore, a ready-made mathematical expression with a solution will look like this:
0.135 x 6500 rubles = 877.5 rubles.
It turns out that the price for 1 bar, the length of which is 6 m, is 877.5 rubles. It is not so difficult to determine the cubature of the board and the number of wood products contained in 1 cubic meter. The same mathematical calculation allows you to find out how many pieces in a cube of a bar are 100×100. Experts recommend using formulas, as they allow you to perform the most accurate calculations. This is due to the fact that some tables contain rounded values.
How many cubes of timber in a cube (100 by 100 mm)
Similar calculations allow us to determine the amount of any lumber, the geometric parameters of which can be measured (for example, how much timber is 100 per 100 in a cube). The length of these wooden products can be any, but beams of 6 m are the most common. For the calculation, the same mathematical expression is used, aimed at finding the volume of one piece. If you substitute all the necessary values, then the formula turns out like this:
V= 6 x 0.10 x 0.10
As a result, after multiplying all the values, we get an answer to the question of how many 100×100 cubes there are in the beam, namely 0.06. This figure will be required for further calculations.
Next, it is necessary, as in the previous calculation, to simply divide 1 cubic meter by the volume of one bar. The solution to this formula is the number 16. Thus, the number of pieces of wooden products of this type contained in 1 cubic meter is determined. In the end, it remains only to calculate the price of lumber.
Calculation of lumber using a table of cubes
The table is a very fast way to determine the required amount of timber in 1 cubic meter. It acts as a cheat sheet, in which ready-made data obtained after the corresponding calculation is indicated. In addition, you can take any number you need for a mathematical expression from the table.
Table 1. Volume of 1 piece of timber in 1 cubic meter
|Dimensions of the beam, mm||Length of the beam, m||Volume of 1 bar, m3|
|150 by 200||6||0,18|
|100 by 100||6||0,06|
|50 by 150||6||0,045|
|100 by 150||6||0,09|
|50 over 100||6||0,03|
|150 by 150||6||0,135|
|100 by 200||6||0,12|
It is also very important to know how much timber is in a cube (6 meters). There are quite a lot of tables of this type. Consider the bars with the most common dimensions. This information will be useful when calculating the amount of material that will be required for the construction of a particular building.
Table 2. Number of bars in 1 cubic meter
|Dimensions of the beam, mm||Length of the beam, m||Volume of 1 bar, m3|
|150 by 200||6||5,5|
|100 by 100||6||16|
|50 by 150||6||22,2|
|100 by 150||6||11|
|50 over 100||6||33,3|
|150 by 150||6||7|
|100 by 200||6||8|
The above tables provide data on lumber, which are the most common and used today. On the Internet, you can easily find detailed information on this issue. Full tables are placed on profile sites, including all sizes.
How many square meters in a cube of timber
As mentioned above, some manufacturers sell lumber in square meters. Sometimes calculations can also be carried out using such a unit of measurement. In any case, before you start building a house or a bathhouse, you need to learn how to convert cubic meters into quadrature.
Wooden bars can have different dimensions. Consider as an example the calculation of the quadrature of a beam having dimensions of 150x150x6000. First of all, it is necessary to convert millimeters into centimeters. This will help to find out how many square meters there are in one cube.
Useful information! After converting the width, height and length values, these indicators will correspond to the numbers 15, 15 and 600.
Next, you will need a thickness of the beam, which is 15 cm. It is necessary to divide by this value a constant indicator, which indicates the length of one face of the cube in centimeters (100). A mathematical expression that allows you to determine how many meters in a cube, with substituted values, will look like this:
100 / 15 = 6,6
Thus, one cubic meter contains 6.6 m2 of timber having dimensions of 150 by 150 by 6000. To calculate the cost of the material, you just need to multiply the number of square meters by the price. For example, if the seller requests 5000 rubles for 1 m2 of timber, then the cost of 10 m2 will be 50 thousand rubles.
Overview of prices for a cube of timber depending on the material and dimensions
There are many varieties of timber, which are differentiated depending on the material of manufacture and their size. Coniferous lumber is very popular. Their processing options may differ. Today, on sale, you can most often find a classic coniferous timber of the edged type 100 by 150, the cost of which ranges from 6,500 to 7,500 rubles. per 1 cubic meter.
It is important to know that the price is influenced not only by the type of wood and the dimensions of the product, but also by its quality, as well as compliance with technical conditions during production. This is influenced by the age of the tree, the conditions in which it grew, etc. In addition, in some regions, the cost of certain tree species is higher, as it depends on transportation prices.
The price of pine needles 100 by 100 is approximately 6500 rubles. for a similar volume. Edged products made of the same material 150×150, which were manufactured according to technical specifications (TU), are sold at a lower cost, namely 4500-5500 rubles. Knowing about the amount of timber in the cube, it will not be difficult to calculate the total cost of the material.
To date, two types of beams are the most expensive: cedar of natural humidity 150 by 150 and dry profiled pine 140 by 185. The cost of 1 cubic meter of the first products varies from 9500 to 17,000 rubles. Dry pine bars can be purchased on the construction market for about 12,000 rubles. Their cost is due to the non-standard size.
How much does a timber house cost: price overview
Several factors affect the final cost of building a residential house made of timber. First of all, this is the area of the future dwelling, as well as the number of floors, the type of foundation (foundation) and the features of interior decoration upon completion of construction.
How many boards are in a cube: how to make calculations using various methods
Methods for calculating the number of boards in a cube. Varieties of lumber and their features. Calculation of the volume and quantity of the board according to the formula. Tables. Online calculator. The price of the board.
The cost of the material required for the organization of walls and partitions may be different. To date, you can buy three main types of timber:
Pay attention! Depending on the shape of the section, there are square and rectangular varieties of these beams. For the organization of external walls, it is customary to use a beam that has dimensions of 150 by 150 or 150 by 200 mm.
How much does it cost to build a house from ordinary timber? Such beams are cheaper than profiled ones, but they have one significant drawback. Walls made of this lumber require mandatory exterior decoration. This need is due to the formation of gaps in the walls after the shrinkage of the material. After finishing, as a rule, the cost of ordinary timber is equalized with the price of profiled lumber.
How much does profiled timber cost? These products will cost the buyer more. However, this material has a number of advantages. It does not shrink after installation, as it is equipped with a good system of grooves and ribs, which contributes to the tight docking of individual elements. In addition, profiled timber walls do not need exterior decoration, because they have a high coefficient of thermal insulation, as well as a presentable appearance.
Glued wooden beams are the most expensive. This is due to the high quality of lumber and its manufacturability. A beam of this type consists of several layers, which are represented by dried wood. The walls made of profiled beams do not shrink and are slightly susceptible to cracking, which affects the life of the house.
The cost of a single-storey house made of timber ranges from 220 to 600 thousand rubles. The price depends on the size of the log house, as well as on the number of walls inside the residential building.
What else to consider when choosing and counting lumber
There are some nuances that you should pay attention to before you start counting building materials. For example, not many people know about such a parameter as the technological length of the product. This definition denotes the actual length of a bar or board, which most often exceeds the average by 50-100 mm.
When selling a particular lumber, it is necessary to focus on the standard length of 3, 4.5 or 6 m. There are other, less common sizes. Thus, the seller does not have the right to add additional centimeters to the traditional values. In general, it is not so difficult, knowing the necessary values, to determine how many pieces of timber 150x150x6000 in a cube. The price of such products is calculated quite simply.
Useful information! Before purchasing a bar, experts recommend measuring its basic parameters. This is due to the fact that any real deviations that differ from the declared linear meters can lead to a serious error in calculations. This rule is especially applicable in situations where the volume of material is quite large.
In addition to the basic geometric parameters, it is recommended to pay attention to the weight of the lumber. It is important to remember that this indicator depends not only on the dimensions, but also on factors such as the density of wood and its humidity.
In any case, you need to be careful when choosing the material. During the calculation, it is advisable to check its accuracy several times. And it does not matter which method is used for these purposes. If necessary, you can always ask for help from specialists who will carry out a competent calculation of not only the bars, but also all the materials needed to build a house or a bathhouse.