Gas tank for a country house: reviews, prices for tanks and the cost of refueling
The need to provide heating of a country house in the cold season arises from the owners quite often, since heating mains and gas pipelines do not always run in the immediate vicinity. And in such cases, it is worth thinking about autonomous gasification, which will allow you to heat the house and cook food. Let’s consider one of the most optimal solutions to this issue – a gas tank for a country house: reviews, prices and features of popular models.
Gas tank: what is it and what is its role in the autonomous gasification system
To find out what function the gas tank performs, and what is its role in the autonomous heating system, consider the general scheme and determine the purpose of each element:
- a gas tank is a container that is located underground and serves for storing liquefied gas;
- regulating and safety devices are provided on each gas tank;
- a gas pipeline runs from the gas tank to the house, which is responsible for supplying fuel to the heating equipment;
- shut-off valves are also provided;
- the cycle ends with automation designed to control the operation of the entire system.
As can be seen, the role of the gas tank is the storage of liquefied fuel, which is necessary to power the heating system in cases where connection to a centralized gas supply is impossible. The optimal solution in this case is to buy a gas tank. Prices for structures, their dimensions and functional characteristics will be discussed further.
Gas tank for a private house: characteristics and features of devices
Externally, the gas tank is a fairly large cylindrical container, which has a number of functional additions designed to make its use safe. Among the complementary elements , it is worth highlighting:
- details intended for fixing the container to the base, the role of which, as a rule, is performed by a concrete slab;
- several valves designed for various purposes: connecting the tank to the gas pipeline, filling the gas, as well as removing accumulated condensate;
- a safety valve is necessarily provided, designed to relieve excess pressure in the system and prevent its destructive effects;
- another safety valve performs a shut-off function and prevents excessively high pressure from entering the gas pipeline system;
- a special two-stage regulator is used to reduce the pressure immediately before the gas enters the gas pipeline, since the indicator in the tank usually significantly exceeds the one required for the operation of the consuming device.
In addition to all this, the gas tank must be equipped with a condensate collector, sensors that show the level of tank occupancy and pressure in it. To protect against corrosion, a cathodic protection system is provided in the tanks.
There are two ways to divide gas tanks into types: depending on where they are placed, as well as on the location of the axis. In the first case, ground and underground models are distinguished, and the former have a much smaller volume. In the second case – horizontal, which are more preferable for heating houses, and vertical.
Useful advice! Choosing a suitable place to install a gas tank for a cottage, it is necessary to take into account the recommended distance of its placement from the house, as well as the convenience of further fitting of the gas filling machine.
Autonomous gasification of a private house on a turnkey basis: cost and list of necessary works
The arrangement of an autonomous gas heating system is a rather complex process that includes many stages. Let’s consider each of them, their cost and make approximate calculations for houses of various sizes.
The installation works will include the following stages:
- digging a pit for a gas tank;
- installation and mounting of the tank;
- installation of the gas pipeline system and its connection to the consuming devices and the gas tank;
- filling the gas tank with liquefied gas.
The main determining factor of the cost of all work is the volume of the tank being installed. This is determined by what area of the house will be heated. The model and manufacturer of the tank, as well as the gas system, also affects.
Pay attention! To be sure of the serviceability and safety of the gas autonomous heating system, all purchased elements must meet the required standards and have the appropriate certification.
In order to navigate the prices of installing a gas tank in a private house, let’s look at some examples of calculations for houses of different sizes:
As you can see, the purchase and installation of a tank and an autonomous heating system at home is not a very cheap procedure, but the result is certainly worth it. After all, in return you get the opportunity to heat your house, even without having access to a central heating system or a centralized gas pipeline, but using liquefied gas for a gas tank.
Gas tank for a country house: gas consumption for heating
In order to carry out planning as accurately as possible, it is necessary to make preliminary calculations of the gas consumption that will be consumed for heating the house. This can be calculated by taking into account several fundamental factors that determine the level of consumption:
- the type of equipment that is used for heating and serves as a gas consumer;
- the presence or absence of hot water in the house;
- features of the climatic conditions in which you live;
- thermal insulation characteristics of the building;
- the number of people who live in the house.
Taking into account all these factors, it is possible to make calculations according to the following algorithm: the number of square meters of the house is divided by 10. The resulting figure will show what power of the heating equipment is needed to ensure a comfortable temperature in the room.
After that, the result must be divided by 2 and multiplied by 30 (the average number of days in a month) and by 24 (hours in a day). The result will be equal to the required amount of energy in kWh. If we take into account that one liter of gas provides 11.2 kWh, then the number you received must be divided by 11.2 to get an approximate fuel consumption for your home.
Gas tank refueling: price and how it happens
Many of those who are planning to purchase and install an autonomous heating system of this type are interested in how to refuel the gas tank. Gas delivery for the gas tank is carried out using a special machine, which is pre-ordered. The connection is made using a special sleeve to the valve designed for filling gas. At the same time, the length of the sleeve can reach several tens of meters in case it is impossible to drive up close by car.
After the required amount of gas is pumped into the tank, you sign the necessary documents and pay for the procedure. As for the gas tank refueling price, several factors play a role here at once:
- the tariff for the provision of gas set by the company you are applying to. It should be borne in mind that the price in different firms may differ markedly;
- transportation services – payment for the distance that the car needs to travel to your home. The further the gas carrier has to go, the higher the cost will be;
- the price of liquefied gas for gas tanks, which may also vary.
The cost is calculated based on the amount of gas that must be filled into the tank, plus individual transportation costs. The average gas tariff is 15.5 rubles/ l, transportation costs are calculated based on the remoteness of the buyer’s place of residence from the company to which he applies.
The procedure of filling the tank with gas is not particularly difficult if you think in advance how the car will drive up. It is enough just to choose a suitable company that specializes in this, and find out how much it costs to refuel the gas tank.
Useful advice! If you want to save money, it is recommended to consider in advance as many available gas tank refueling offers as possible. This way you can choose the most suitable gas price option for the gas tank and the transport tariff.
Gas tanks for a private house: owner reviews
To make sure that all costs are justified, the reviews of the owners of gas tanks will help. In addition, this way you will be able to learn about the features of using this system, and possibly some of the difficulties that you will have to face.
“Due to the fact that we bought a plot in a place remote from the city, the issue with heating the house arose almost immediately. The idea of furnace heating was discarded, as it is quite troublesome, and then they began to read on the Internet about the possibility of installing a tank. Of course, I can’t say that such heating comes out quite a penny. Anyway, every time you need to buy liquefied gas for the gas tank, but then there are no problems with it. In any cold weather, it’s warm at home.”
Alexander Surzhikov, Belgorod region.
“It’s good to have a cottage outside the city, especially if there are all the amenities. When we bought the house, we could only heat it with ordinary firewood. It is, of course, cheaper, but quite difficult and inconvenient. They began to look at what kind of gas tanks there are for a country house, to look after prices and read reviews. When they installed the capacity for themselves, it became much better. It’s just a mountain off my shoulders. The volume was specially taken more so that the car did not have to be driven too often. Now we have refueled once, and calmly drown ourselves. A great thing.”
Oleg Toporov, Voronezh region.
Installation of the heating system of a private house with your own hands: scheme
Different mounting methods. Advantages and disadvantages of various types of heating suitable for a private home.
“We once faced a dilemma: gas or electric heating. There is electricity in our village, but that’s all there is. We thought a little and decided that it was not very good to completely depend on the central supply of electricity. Imagine, with the first problems we will be left not only without light, but also without heat. It is better to buy gas for the gas tank separately and not worry. Many people say that it turns out to be quite expensive, but it seems to us it’s worth it, especially since you can always buy a tank and a gas supply system at a bargain price.”
Artem Mikitov, Moscow region.
“And the thing that bothered me the most was the need to order a car regularly and generally mess around with all this. But after reading reviews about other methods of autonomous heating, I realized that everything is even worse there. I got used to it over time. Before buying a gas tank for the country, I discussed the price and conditions with the nearest company that deals with this. And in the matter of daily use, everything is very convenient.”
Artur Nikonovich, Yaroslavl
What you need to know before buying a gas tank: features and selection criteria
In order not to make a mistake in choosing and to purchase a model that will fit in all parameters, let’s consider the main criteria by which it is necessary to make a choice.
Endurance. Due to the fact that the gas inside the gas tank forms vapors, the pressure inside the tank is always increased. In order for the tank walls to withstand such pressure, their thickness should be within 6-12 mm. As a material for manufacturing, durable structural steel is used.
All welds must undergo additional processing to avoid divergence of the container along the joint line. And in the case of using tanks at very low temperatures (below -40 ° C), they also do additional strengthening with the help of internal partitions.
The second important aspect is the corrosion resistance of the container. Given the fact that the gas tank will be underground for more than one year and even decades, it should be as resistant as possible to the effects of any external factors. In order for the steel to resist corrosion, it is coated with a special composition, for example, polyurethane, bitumen or epoxy.
Which of the options is best to choose? Bitumen coating is cheaper than the rest, however, and it serves relatively short. Epoxy provides reliable long-term protection, but subject to maintaining its integrity. And given the fact that it is quite fragile and breaks off even from the slightest blows, it can be difficult. Polyurethane coating is considered the most reliable, as it is very resistant to mechanical influences.
Another important measure to prevent corrosion processes is electrochemical protection. Such devices can be “active” and “passive”. In the first case, cathodic protection stations are used, and in the second – anode-cathode systems. Both are designed to compensate for deficiencies and damages, as well as to increase the operational life of the gas tank.
It is worth paying attention to the quality of the shut-off and safety valves, as well as the filling elements of the tank, since this factor largely determines the reliability of the gas tank. Your task is to make sure that all the elements are durable, have no damage, are resistant to corrosion and low temperatures. The importance of this parameter is difficult to underestimate, since it becomes crucial when it comes to the absence of gas leaks.
Which is the best gas tank to choose: reviews and expert advice
Experts advise to take into account the fact that gas tanks are different, so it is worth paying attention to which of the options is preferable for installation in one case or another. Initially, there are both ground and underground gas tanks. However, the first type is used extremely rarely in our country, which is easily explained by rather harsh climatic conditions. Although it is worth noting the fact that the installation of such a tank requires complex and painstaking preparation of the site.
Oddly enough, but the installation of an underground gas tank is easier to carry out due to the fact that being at a depth, the tank always remains in conditions of plus temperature. This arrangement allows you to minimize the costs of heating the gas, as well as prevent its evaporation.
If you choose between a vertical and horizontal gas tank, then first of all you should proceed from the fact that the main difference between them is the evaporation mirror. That is, they differ in the surface area on which liquid fractions evaporate, which affects the gas pressure. The higher it is in the tank, the better all consuming devices will be provided with gas.
Considering the fact that winters in our country are quite cold, horizontal gas tanks are more popular. If you need to heat a large area, then this option will be better. The use of vertical gas tanks is justified only in cases where the gas consumption is planned to be very small. For example, they are used for small houses, summer kitchens, etc.
According to experts, another important advantage of horizontal gas tanks over vertical ones is the ability to warm up better with the heat of the earth. That is, for the normal operation of horizontal tanks, additional heating is not required, unlike vertical ones. And this contributes to significant energy savings.
You need to pay attention to the neck of the tank. Its structure should correspond to where the tank will be installed. For a cold climate, it is worth choosing containers with a higher neck (from 50 cm), since the pit will be quite deep. If the neck is low, then you will not be able to bury the gas tank deep enough, which again will entail additional costs for heating and installing the evaporator.
The cap of the neck must be equipped with a special hatch that allows a specialist to inspect the tank and clean it from accumulated condensate and paraffins in a timely manner. And although such work is not carried out too often (about once every ten years), this ensures safety and is a very important point that should not be overlooked.
Useful advice! If your gas tank model does not have a special hatch for inspection, it is still necessary to do this. In this case, the tank is excavated and inspected from the outside for damage.
Another important detail is the support legs of the tank. They are necessary to prevent deformation of the bottom and reduce the mechanical loads to which the container is constantly exposed.
How to fill a gas tank: prices for liquefied gas
How often you will have to fill the gas tank directly depends on the selected tank volume, as well as on the speed at which you will consume the available volume of gas. If the preliminary calculations are made incorrectly and the capacity is too small, then you will have to order the car quite often. In addition, you may have to face a lack of pressure in the tank, which will make it difficult to supply gas.
There are two most comfortable gas tank refueling schemes for private use:
- refueling twice a year. Using this model, the car is ordered in autumn and winter. As a rule, at the same time they order a slightly different gas, which differs in the ratio of propane and butane. And although gas intended for use in the cold season is more expensive, it perfectly tolerates any frost and has an increased heat capacity. Such gas can be used both in winter and summer, while “summer” is not intended for winter;
- refueling once a year. If the volume of the tank is quite large, refueling can be done once a year. It is better to do this in the warm season, since the price of gas during this period is lower. The main thing is to buy a mixture that is equally well suited for both winter and summer.
It is important to understand that all the calculations you make are quite conditional, and it is impossible to determine exactly how much gas will be consumed in a given year. Only a specialist can do this as accurately as possible, so it may make sense to spend a little more money at the planning stage in order to avoid mistakes, additional expenses and hassle with an unplanned machine call in the future.
Useful advice! If you have several houses on the site, you can use one common large-volume gas tank to provide gas to all buildings.
When choosing the volume of the tank, you should first calculate how many liters of fuel you will need to buy. The price of gas for a gas tank ranges from 15-16 rubles per 1 liter, so the available volume needs to be multiplied by the current cost, as a result of which you will be able to roughly imagine the purchase cost. However, take into account the fact that the cost of liquefied gas for a gas tank is changing every year, which means that it is impossible to calculate long-term prospects.
Mobile gas tanks, despite the absence of the need to dig a pit and perform a complex installation procedure, are not a very suitable option for our winters. A mobile gas tank on a trailer, the price of which will be over 230 thousand rubles, will be able to accommodate a very small supply of fuel, sufficient only for temporary heating of a very small country house. And since the price per liter of gas for a gas tank of this type will not differ, you can only avoid unnecessary hassle with installation.
Gas tanks for home: Russian and foreign market
Having decided on the parameters, as well as the requirements that you impose on the gas tank, you can proceed directly to the study of products presented on the market. To this end, we will consider how the offers of domestic production differ from foreign ones, and which option is preferable, and also pay special attention to several of the most popular companies that offer their products on the modern market.
There are significant differences between domestic and foreign-made gas tanks, primarily dictated by established standards. Installation and maintenance procedures also differ. Let’s consider all the subtleties of both options.
Russian-made gas tanks have thicker walls than those produced in Europe. However, protection from corrosion processes of domestic tanks often leaves much to be desired, and requires additional electrochemical protection. For imported models, passive protectors are often quite enough for full protection.
The design of filling systems of domestic and imported gas tanks differs significantly. So, in order to carry out trouble-free and safe refueling of a tank produced abroad, it will require the presence of a special gas carrier that has the proper equipment. If you do not take this factor into account and use a conventional car for refueling, the risks of damage to the tank and the occurrence of gas leaks significantly increase.
Not every gas tank manufactured in Europe will be able to cope with its functions in conditions of such low temperatures, which are typical for our winter. Each product must be pre-tested and receive an appropriate certificate of conformity and a permit for operation in Russia. This should not be ignored categorically, as it is primarily a matter of your safety.
Differences between imported and domestic gas tanks affect their cost. If a Russian product can initially be purchased for a lower price, then in the future you will have to spend money on its maintenance. With imported tanks, the situation is the opposite – a higher initial cost almost completely eliminates the need to spend money on maintenance.
Of course, a lot depends on the manufacturer, but not everything. Most of the responsibility lies with you, as it is you who must take care of careful transportation and proper installation. After all, even the highest quality tank, if the installation requirements are not met, can be damaged, which will soon cause its malfunction.
You should also make sure that specialists select the most suitable electrochemical protection and use the recommended equipment for refueling. To do this, you should contact only trusted companies that have a good reputation and sufficient experience in this field.
Gas tanks for private homes: prices, overview of popular manufacturers
A large selection often does not benefit customers, as it is quite easy to get confused in the characteristics and offers, and the chances of buying something wrong increase significantly. Consider several manufacturers whose tanks are deservedly popular and are often purchased for use in private homes.
Turnkey gas tanks: prices and features of Deltagaz products (Czech Republic)
The Czech company Deltagaz is quite well-known both in the European and Russian market. This is due to the fact that its products fully comply with the standards and are perfectly suitable for operation in our country. The company offers several models designed for horizontal installation. They differ from each other only in volume – 2700, 4800, 6400 liters, etc. The same temperature limits are set for all variants: -20 to 40 ° C.
Among the arguments in favor of such a choice can be noted:
- durable 8mm walls with epoxy anti-corrosion coating;
- the warranty service life is 20 years, although, as practice shows, with proper handling, the tank fully retains its characteristics for 50 years;
- the height of the neck is 75 cm, which allows you to dig the tank quite deep. This is an undoubted advantage if we take into account the depth of freezing of the soil in winter.
Since tanks are produced in Europe, their cost in Russia is not too low. The price of a gas tank for a turnkey private house Deltagaz 2700 will be about 170 thousand rubles.
Gas tanks manufactured by VPS
The tanks of this company are somewhat different from the previous version and have a number of advantages. For example, the temperature limits in which the operation of containers is permissible are noticeably wider: from -40 to 40 ° C. In addition, the manufacturer provides a 30-year warranty for its products.
All models have a horizontal arrangement and are made of sheet steel, on which a layer of epoxy corrosion protection is applied. On sale you can find models with a volume of 2700, 4850, 6400, 9150 and 9950 liters. However, despite these advantages, the price of installing a gas tank will be almost the same as for Deltagaz models.
Turnkey gas tanks Chemet
Polish Chemet tanks have become widely known due to the durable polymer coating that is used in the process of their manufacture. There are also several additional technical characteristics that increase the price, but at the same time prolong the operational life of the tanks: only high-quality steel is used and there are reliable stiffeners inside the tanks.
Three models of different volumes are available for use in the conditions of the Russian climate: Chemet 5, Chemet 6 and Chemet 9, the capacity of which is 4850, 6400 and 9200 liters, respectively. At the same time, all three models are designed for horizontal installation. The cost of gas tanks of this company starts from 330 thousand rubles, excluding installation and connection of the system.
Gas tanks for a private house turnkey from the manufacturer Fas
The Russian-German company Faskhimmash also offers customers fairly high-quality products that are quite capable of competing with European tanks. Installation of a turnkey gas tank for a private house is possible due to the presence of five models: Fas 4.6, Fas 6.5, Fas 8.5, Fas 9.2 and Fas 20. These figures are not only the name of the model, but also indicate the volume of the tank in thousands of liters.
To protect the case, the manufacturer uses a two-component polymer material, which allows you to extend the trouble-free service life of the tank up to 30 years. At the same time, for the Fas 4.6 model, the price of installing a gas tank in a private house with a full range of services will be about 200 thousand rubles.
Gas tank for a country house: reviews, prices for City-Gas tanks
This Bulgarian manufacturer provides Russian customers with four models to choose from with a volume of 2700, 4850, 6400 and 9150 liters. At the same time, the operating temperature of all options is from -40 to 40 degrees. And the warranty period provided is 20 years.
To protect against corrosion, a two-stage system is used: first, the tank is coated with polyurethane paint, and then with an epoxy coating. All models are designed for underground horizontal installation.
If you read the reviews of the owners, gas tanks for a country house from this company are of high quality and fully justify their rather high price, which even for a minimum capacity is about 330 thousand rubles.
As you can see, there are several factors that need to be taken into account before buying a gas tank with an installation: price, expected operating conditions, required capacity, etc. In addition, when planning a budget, you should also take into account the cost of gas for the gas tank, since now it will become your permanent expense item. However, as the owners of these tanks confirm, the cost of refueling the gas tank is fully justified due to the fact that your home will always be warm and comfortable.