Electricity meter readings: how to remove data from accounting devices
The article describes such a side of the operation of accounting devices as the readings of the electricity meter: how to remove data without violating the procedure from single-tariff and multi-tariff devices, how the payment is calculated and where the readings are submitted. The probability of receiving a fine for violating the rules of operation or breaking the seal, and the specifics of using antimagnetic seals on electric meters are also considered.
Electricity meter readings: how to remove data from the device
Consumers of electric energy are obliged to pay in full for the consumed electricity. To do this, they must transmit the readings of the electricity meter to the appropriate authority or perform an independent calculation of energy consumption.
How to take readings from induction type electric meters
Induction type devices are equipped with a rotating wheel placed under a frame with numbers. This data is necessary for performing calculations and transmitting readings. It depends on the model of the device and the number of digital values, which readings of electricity meters need to be transmitted.
Most often, the display of induction-type counters displays from 5 to 7 digits. The last digit stands out from the total due to the difference in size, color, or comma selection. In rare cases, the last two numbers may be highlighted.
When taking readings of the electricity meter, numeric values following the decimal point are not taken into account. These data display hundredths and tenths of a kilowatt, so they are not taken into account.
Pay attention! There are modifications of devices where there is no comma or other type of selection. In such a situation, all numerical values displayed on the scoreboard are taken for calculations, otherwise there will be discrepancies in payment, which will still have to be covered.
How to take the electricity meter readings correctly
After installing or replacing an electric meter in a private house or apartment, the owner is issued an act confirming the correct conduct of this procedure. The initial numeric values are recorded in the document. To remove data from the unit, you need to transfer to paper all the numbers displayed by the device at the moment, without taking into account the digits after the decimal point. Also, zeros standing before the first significant number, i.e. 1 or more, are not taken into account.
To make calculations, you will need data for the previous month. In the first month after the installation of the equipment, these figures are taken from the act. Next, you will have to keep a logbook or save all receipts to record the indicators.
Some subscription services relieve electricity consumers from the need to make calculations on their own. It is only required to transmit data in a timely manner for a certain period of time. This became possible thanks to an automated system that itself or through an operator enters data into a personal account, calculates accruals and generates a receipt. In this case, the consumer will only have to make a payment based on the invoice.
How to calculate the payment according to the readings of electricity meters
The amount for paying electricity bills can be calculated independently. To do this, you need to take away the latest data from the previous readings. The result is the amount of electrical energy consumed over the last period of time. It remains only to multiply it by the current tariff.
For example, if a numeric value of 5204 kW is displayed on the meter, and the previous indicator was 4954 kW, the calculations will be as follows: 5204 – 4954 = 250 kW (electricity consumption).
Pay attention! Sometimes counters are automatically reset to zero. A special counting system is provided especially for such cases.
When the counters are reset, the readings are rewritten taking into account all zeros, and “1” is put at the beginning of the number. However, the values after the comma do not need to be taken into account. For example, if 00001.7 kW is displayed on the meter, you need to rewrite this value as 100001. The previous readings are subtracted from this indicator, and the result is multiplied by the tariff. This calculation method is used once, after which the readings are taken according to the usual system – without preceding zeros and an additional “1”.
How are the readings of electricity meters taken from electronic devices
Electronic models of counters are equipped not with mechanical disks with numbers, but with an electronic scoreboard. In addition to the consumed kilowatts, other data can be displayed on it, for example, the operating time of the device, date, etc. Most often, the indicators are changed several times a minute. If the device keeps records by zones, it alternately displays data for each of them.
How to take readings of electricity meters day-night (two options):
When the data is received, they are entered into the receipt and calculations are performed according to the scheme described earlier, or transferred to the appropriate authority. In electronic devices, digits after the decimal point are also not taken into account.
How to take readings of the Mercury 200 electricity meter
Mercury meters are represented on the market by single-tariff and multi-tariff models. Devices with one tariff are marked as 200.00, multi–tariff models have digital values after the dot, for example, 200.01, 200.03 or 200.02. Among them there are electric meters with a control panel and a different number of zones.
Pay attention! Regardless of the modification, readings from the instruments are taken according to a single scheme. The difference is only in the number of clicks of the “Enter” button.
The following data is displayed in turn in the Mercury 200 electric meters:
- billing by zones.
The time indicator in the usual tariff zone is displayed first. Seconds, minutes and hours are displayed above. After a few seconds, the data is replaced by a date in the standard form: date, month and year.
After that, additional tariffs are displayed on the scoreboard. The marking is shown in the upper left corner. Each of the available tariffs is displayed in turn. At this time, it is possible to rewrite numerical data by kilowatts without numbers after the decimal point.
Depending on what the device settings are, the numerical readings on the counter display change every 5-10 seconds. This is enough time to rewrite the data. If this did not work out, switching tariffs can be done manually by pressing the “Enter” button. For calculations, it will be necessary to calculate the amount of electricity consumed (kW) for each zone, multiply by the corresponding tariff, and summarize the results among themselves.
How to take readings of the electricity meter Mercury 230
The Mercury 230 metering device belongs to the category of three-phase meters. Electricity is calculated within the framework of several tariffs. The credentials corresponding to a certain tariff are displayed on the device screen.
Pay attention! The three-phase electric meter is designed in such a way that 4 digits are displayed on its display. If there is a marking T2 or T1 on 2 of these digits, then the device works according to a multi-tariff payment system.
- the marking T2 indicates the night zone;
- the value T1 indicates that there is a peak zone on the screen;
- The marking T3 is used to indicate the semi-peak zone.
Therefore, before taking readings of three-phase electricity meters and starting calculations, it is necessary to take into account all the indicators:
- tariff pictograms with markings by zone;
- a digital value showing the amount of electricity consumed;
- pictograms of phases.
The three-tariff electricity meter has one feature. To achieve correct calculations, we need readings for all tariffs for the previous month and data at the time of calculation. By finding out the difference between these values, you can get the amount of energy consumed for each tariff for the last month. It remains only to find out the payment for each zone, taking into account the corresponding pricing for it, and summarize the values obtained.
How to take readings from electronic electricity meters of an energy meter
Electric meters of the Energy Meter come in various modifications. There are multi-tariff devices. Calculations on them are performed in a similar way, which was described earlier.
The price of day-night counters is relatively low. Therefore, many apartment owners install such accounting devices in their house. The difference between such devices lies in the design features. Depending on which modification of the counter is installed, the number of buttons changes. And the button designed to view digital data has a different name – “PRSM”.
There may be several buttons themselves, usually 2 or 3. When you click on the scoreboard, data for each tariff zone is displayed. Otherwise, there are no serious differences, so it no longer matters whether the apartment owner prefers to buy a three-phase electricity meter or wants to install a day-night device.
Pay attention! Neva, Energomera and Mercury 230, 234, 201, 200 electric meters belong to the devices of the modern generation. The models of the new sample have a similar device, so they have the same reading scheme.
In many ways, the devices of the new model are superior to the old models. However, their main disadvantage is the cost. The price of day-night electric meters and three-phase devices is much higher. The same applies to multi-tariff devices with division into several zones.
Of course, you can buy a single-phase electricity meter, which will be cheaper. The high cost of multi-tariff accounting devices is due to their wider functionality, which allows you to save on electricity payments by delineating billing by zones.
How are meter readings transmitted for electricity
Many apartment owners are wondering up to what date to submit electricity meter readings and exactly how this procedure should be carried out. Due to the innovation that came into force 4 years ago, the rules for the transfer of testimony have changed. According to it, individuals must independently transfer the actual data to the local electricity supply authorities.
Which electricity meter is better to put in the apartment: choose the device
Classification of structures according to various characteristics, features of the choice of devices and their installation, purchase prices.
Previously, this responsibility was placed on the shoulders of the employees of the organization itself. On a monthly basis, they made a tour of the apartments to take readings and verify the electricity meters at home. After that, each apartment owner received payment notifications in the first days of the month.
In 2012, a new decision came into force. According to him, the employees of the electric utility are obliged to check the meter readings not once a month, but quarterly. In the remaining period, apartment owners must independently monitor the readings of their devices and transmit data.
Pay attention! The verification of electricity meters without removal for the reliability of the data transmitted by the owner of the apartment is carried out by employees of the energy department twice a year.
Up to what date to transmit the readings of electricity meters and how to do it
The latest innovations in relation to accounting devices are as follows:
In order to optimize this process, energy marketing organizations have come up with a whole system for transmitting electricity meters to eliminate the inconveniences associated with changes and get rid of queues. Thanks to this, data can be transmitted even via the Internet or a single phone call.
Where to transmit electricity meter readings
There are several ways to solve the problem of removing electricity credentials.
Options for how and where to submit electricity meter readings:
Pay attention! Using phones to transmit electricity meter readings, you can perform this procedure in automatic mode. To do this, follow the instructions dictated by the answering machine. To do this, you will need a phone that has a tone dial mode, since the device’s keyboard will be used to enter numeric values.
Antimagnetic seals on electric meters and their features
Some consumers are trying to save money on paying utility bills by “cheating” a magnetic seal on an electric meter. Neodymium magnets are most often used for this. With their help, the electromechanical meter stops.
For this reason, regulatory authorities install antimagnetic seals on consumers’ electricity meters. Outwardly, they resemble a sticker, but its device is much more complicated than it might seem at first glance. Inside the seal there is a sensor that records magnetic changes. When a certain threshold is crossed, the device is triggered. As a result, when the time for checking the electricity meter comes, an employee of the regulatory authorities will be able to determine the presence of outside interference by the appearance of the device.
The sensor itself is a small capsule filled with a substance that sensitively reacts to the presence of a magnetic field. If such an intervention has taken place, the contents are distributed throughout the capsule. After that, no means will be able to return her original appearance. A fully colored capsule will indicate that an attempt was made to stop the recording device.
Pay attention! The same thing will happen when trying to tear off the sticker. There are inscriptions hidden under the film coating that cannot be removed when the seal is removed.
How much does it cost to seal the electricity meter
Sealing is carried out when the term of replacement of the electric meter is suitable or there is a need for its repair. All the costs of servicing the device are repaid by the owner, but the installation of the seal is carried out free of charge. If it is planned to repair or replace the electric meter, the price is already included in the cost of these procedures. If the sealing is resorted to repeatedly, in this case the service will need to be paid (from 100 to 500 rubles, depending on the region of residence).
Forcing the owner to pay for the initial installation of the seal after the above maintenance is considered illegal. In such cases, there are several ways to solve the problem:
It is worth noting that for household electric meters, the price for installing a seal is low, so the owner of the apartment independently decides whether to pay for this service or not.
Can a fine be charged for the breakdown of the electric meter seal
If the seal installed on the electric meter is broken, do not wait until they come with a check. It is necessary to immediately notify the electricity supply company about the incident. At the same time, it is necessary to provide a reliable explanation of what happened.
If intentional damage to the seal is detected, the price of checking the electric meter without removing it will also include a huge fine. To calculate its amount, certain calculations are carried out. The amount of the fine is calculated on the maximum amount of electricity that was available to the owner of the apartment for the period until the inspector appeared.
The available amount of electricity is determined based on the readings of the rated current on the circuit breaker, which is installed at the input of electricity into the housing.
In addition, the company engaged in energy supplies takes into account all readings on the devices on a monthly basis, and compares the results of the devices at the substation. If a difference is detected, an investigation is carried out in order to identify the robber. Therefore, you should not joke with the counters, otherwise the amount of the fine will significantly exceed the money saved on stopping the device.