Electric heating convectors with wall-mounted thermostat: types and characteristics
An electric convector is an excellent alternative option for creating a warm and comfortable atmosphere in the house. Buying a convector will be appropriate if you need to heat a private house, or there are problems with heating in your apartment. There are a large number of varieties, manufacturers and models, but the best and most popular option are electric heating convectors with a wall-mounted thermostat. They have a lot of advantages, which we will discuss below.
The difference between a convector and a radiator
Firstly, do not confuse the convector with the radiator. Inexperienced users often make mistakes in terms and take one device for another. A radiator is a heating device that heats the environment by heating itself. A wall-mounted heating convector with a thermostat passes air through itself, heats it and thus heats the space.
The main advantage of a wall-mounted convector over a radiator is the ease of installation and the small amount of space occupied. The device is installed on the wall in any convenient place, so there is no danger of tripping over it, there is no need to lay cables and pipes, there is no need to supply a coolant.
Among other features of economical wall-mounted electric convectors for heating cottages and apartments, the following can be distinguished:
Useful advice! If you choose a convector for a house in which there is a small child, then note that the wall model does not turn over, does not have sharp corners and is not heated in the area of the housing.
The disadvantage of an electric convector is only one – the high cost of electricity. Fortunately, many modern models have a so-called “economical” mode of operation, but it does not always save. Another small minus is the uneven temperature in the room when using a convector. According to the laws of physics, warm air accumulates at the top, and cold air accumulates at the bottom, and with a high ceiling height, this can be a very significant nuance.
Convector installation options
According to the installation method , there are three main types of heaters of the convector principle of operation:
Below we will consider the device, advantages and features of wall-mounted convectors, as they are most popular.
Device and principle of operation of the convector
Electric heating convectors with a wall-mounted thermostat are always equipped with a metal housing, inside which heating elements are located. Their operation is regulated by a thermostat, which can be electronic or mechanical.
The heat–heating element of the convector is a ceramic structure, inside of which there is a conductor with a high resistance. It is sealed in a metal case and can have the following shapes:
- radiator with plates for heat removal;
- with wings;
- with inserts for better aerodynamics.
With such a heating element design and shape, the convector can operate at temperatures from 600 to 1000 degrees Celsius. The advantage in this case is that the air does not dry out, so you do not need to additionally purchase a humidifier.
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The work of the convector is banal physics. Cold air goes down, passes through the heating element, becomes warmer and lighter, rises up. When the warm air masses cool down, they descend again, and the process repeats.
Useful advice! Regardless of which electric convector is better to purchase, it should always be installed as close to the floor as possible, but not end-to-end. This way, the maximum volume of cold air will pass through the heater.
Advantages of convectors
All types of convectors can boast the following advantages:
- when the device is running, there are no drafts, and the heating rate of the room is very high;
- there is no need to keep an eye on the convector turned on in automatic mode, all functions are regulated by the system;
- in any type of unit there is an automatic protection against overheating, so that the heating elements will definitely not fail due to high temperature;
- the built-in thermostat automatically turns off the convector when the desired air temperature in the room is reached, this allows you to significantly save electricity;
- high humidity is not a problem for most convectors, as they have protection from moisture;
- the device has an ergonomic and safe design, it has no sharp corners, it can be safely placed in the children’s room;
- only the heating element is heated, but not the housing, so it is impossible to get burned on the convector;
- when the heater is running, there is no unpleasant smell, the air is not burned and does not dry out;
- ventilation occurs naturally, so the unit works completely silently.
The question often arises: how to properly install a wall-mounted electric heating convector with a thermostat? Reviews indicate that the device is very easy to mount with your own hands. As a rule, all the necessary spare parts are included, that is, wall mounting brackets or removable rollers in order to install the convector on the floor.
Electric heating convectors with a wall-mounted thermostat: what to pay attention to when buying
The required convector power is quite simple to choose, for this you need to remember that to heat 20 square meters of a standard apartment or house, you will need about 2000 watts of convector power.
Useful advice! If the ceilings in the room are higher than two and a half meters, then the power should be increased approximately twice.
Before buying, one of the most frequently asked questions is the type of thermostat. It can be mechanical or electronic. A unit with a mechanical thermostat will cost you less money, but it will have quite a lot of disadvantages. For example, a convector with a mechanical thermostat does not differ in accuracy when setting the temperature regime, and also cannot react as quickly to a decrease in temperature in a room as an electronic one. This means that you should not always wait for a comfortable temperature.
If you are planning to buy a wall-mounted electric heating convector with an electronic type thermostat, keep in mind that it will cost about 30% more than a mechanical one. However, when it gets cold in the room, such a heater will immediately react and begin to heat the air. The accuracy of the temperature setting is much higher. In addition, there are thermostats with programmable heating mode, where you can set the hourly temperature. This is very convenient if, for example, you go to bed and do not want to wake up in a cool room.
Additional functions of convectors
Modern electric convectors are not limited to simply heating the air. Many of them have additional features that make the atmosphere in the house even more comfortable:
- the “anti—freezing” function – the convector automatically turns on if the air temperature in the room drops below 5 degrees Celsius;
- various modes of operation – many heaters work not only in the basic mode, but also with the settings “comfort”, “economy”, etc.;
- Air ionization is a very useful function that can work even when the heating element is turned off.;
- rollover sensor – automatically turns off the convector if it falls. A useful feature if there are animals or small children in the house;
- automatic memorization of parameters – when turned off, the electronics remembers the set settings and returns to them after switching on;
- programmable heating element – with its help, you can set such fine settings as hourly temperature change, temperature for the night or for the day and even for a certain day of the week;
- universal control module – makes it possible to simultaneously configure several convectors located in different rooms from one remote control. A great option for a large house.
Safety requirements when using a convector
A convector is an electrical device, which means that its use implies compliance with certain safety regulations. There are a number of recommendations that should be followed if you have a convector in your house:
- it is impossible to mount or put the heater directly near the outlet, the minimum permissible distance is 0.8 m. This is done in order to avoid the possibility of a short circuit;
- it is forbidden to cover the convector. It is not recommended to dry the laundry by throwing it on the device, this can lead not only to the failure of the heating element, but also to the occurrence of a fire;
- if you plan to install the unit in a room with a high humidity level, then it must have appropriate protection. The marking “IP 24” indicates that the convector is protected from moisture;
- compliance with these simple rules will not only ensure the continuous and uninterrupted operation of the equipment, but also your safety. After all, most fires happen precisely because of violations of safety regulations for the use of electrical appliances.
Popular convector models
If you need reliable and high-quality electric heating convectors, customer reviews advise you to pay attention to the products of the Delongi company. Their main advantage is a reasonable price, but the quality is at a high level.
Another option for a simple and affordable convector is units from Noirot. Many users characterize them as the easiest to manage and reliable.
Remember that electric heating convectors with a wall–mounted thermostat are a very sensitive technique that reacts poorly to violations of operating rules. When used correctly, the convector will provide a comfortable and cozy atmosphere in the house or apartment.