Drain pipe 110 in filter: geotextile and coconut fiber
The article will consider the question of what is better to use as a filter cloth, which will be required if a drainage pipe 110 is used in the filter for the arrangement of storm sewers: geotextile or coconut fiber. The main types of pipes used for the organization of the drainage system, the features of their selection and application on a suburban site, as well as prices for the purchase of consumables for construction will be considered.
Types of drainage pipes for groundwater drainage: price and classification
Any country plot, regardless of whether it will be used for growing vegetable crops or purchased for a residential building, needs a drainage system. This system is an extensive pipeline laid under the ground surface and performs the function of outflow communications transporting stormwater outside the site.
The elements of such output systems are primarily classified by the type of material. The modern range of pipes is divided into groups, including products made on the basis of:
- ceramics (pipes having a perforated surface);
- asbestos cement.
Pay attention! The use of pipes for drainage and storm sewers is mandatory if you want to preserve the foundation part of the house. Stormwater often floods cellars with conservation, basements and the base of a residential building, provoking the development of dampness and fungus, the formation of cracks and other damage.
The price of storm sewer pipes depends on the material of manufacture, diameter, length and other parameters. Asbestos-cement and ceramic products are practically not used today due to the large number of disadvantages compared to their plastic counterparts.
Average prices for asbestos cement pipes:
|Diameter, mm||Pipe length, mm||Weight, kg||Price, rub/piece.|
The main disadvantage of asbestos cement pipes, in addition to low performance characteristics, is their heaviness. Compare the data from this table with the retail prices of drainage pipes of 110 mm or more made of plastic to feel the difference between these materials.
Drain pipe 110 in filter: geotextile and coconut fiber
Despite the extensive choice of sizes, it is the drainage pipes 110 in the filter that are most often used when laying a storm sewer and drainage system. The filter material increases the efficiency of the entire system.
The use of drainage pipes 110 with a geotextile filter or another variant of the filter material allows you to detain large debris, grains of sand and small dirt particles. By purchasing such products for the organization of the drainage system, you will significantly reduce the rate of internal silting and increase the service life of the pipeline.
For wrapping pipes, special cloths are usually used, which are non-woven materials with hygroscopic properties. Canvases are divided into groups according to the type of material, which can be natural or artificial.
Pay attention! The efficiency of the filter is based on its throughput, calculated in microns. According to this indicator, it is possible to calculate the size of particles that the filter is able to delay: 1 micron = 0.0001 cm. The straw filter has the highest throughput – 12,000 microns, polyester has the lowest – 180-240 microns.
Drainage pipes in geotextile and coconut fiber are considered the most popular among consumers. At the same time, geotextile as a filter material has a throughput in the range of 450-700 microns. Most often it is used on clay and sandy soils. Due to its excellent performance properties, this type of coating on pipes is not subject to decomposition.
Concrete and plastic drainage well for storm sewers. Types and features of structures. Rules for the arrangement of wells and a detailed description of this process. Calculation of storm sewers.
Products wrapped with coconut fiber have a throughput coefficient equal to 700 microns. Such a pipeline is usually laid in sandy, agricultural soil types, as well as peat. Unlike the previous version, the material is decomposable.
Coconut fiber and geotextile: prices of drainage pipes in a 110 mm filter
Geotextile is a non-woven, and in rare cases a woven fabric made on the basis of polyester or polypropylene threads. There are variants of products where both varieties of these threads are used.
Geotextile is widely used in medicine and the manufacture of household furniture, but this type of material has found the most extensive use in construction. Many drainage pipe manufacturers have already appreciated the advantages of geotextiles, so most of them are gradually abandoning the use of coconut fiber and other filters.
Useful advice! The low price of a 110 drainage pipe per running meter is one of the significant advantages of products wrapped in geotextile. Use this advantageous property to save the cost of building a drainage system.
Prices of drainage pipes with geotextile and coconut fiber (comparative table):
|Filter Type||Pipe diameter, mm||The weight of the bay is 50 m, kg||Volume, m3||Price, rub/year. m|
According to this table, the cost of 110 mm drainage pipes in geotextile is three times less than similar products in coconut fiber. The same trend is observed with respect to pipes with a different diameter size when comparing these filter materials.
Advantages of storm sewer pipes in geotextile: material properties
The price of a 110 mm drainage pipe in a geotextile filter is not the only advantage of the products. This version of the material has other advantages:
- high vapor permeability, contributing to the uniform distribution of air and preventing the development of harmful microorganisms;
- resistance to rolling, damage or peeling;
- increased resistance to high temperatures;
- low flammability index;
- invulnerability to the effects of insects and other living organisms whose habitat is the soil;
- the ability to effectively perform their functions over a long period of time;
Pay attention! If you decide to buy drainage pipes for groundwater drainage with a geotextile filter, in the absence of significant loads, this material can last almost as long as the entire installed system.
What other pipes can I buy for storm sewers with geotextile
Geotextile is perfectly combined with any kind of drainage pipes. But complete with polymer products, it is able to bring the maximum number of advantages.
Polymer communications can be made from various raw materials:
- polyvinyl chloride (PVC marked pipes);
- polyethylene (pipes labeled HDPE and LDPE).
Smooth, perforated and corrugated pipes are also available for sale. At the same time, depending on the design features, two-layer and single-layer drainage pipes are distinguished.
Prices for double-layer products with perforation:
|Pipe Type||Product diameter, mm||Bay, m||Weight of the bay, kg||Volume, m3||Price,
|Two – layer||90||50||20,4||0,9||135|
Features of drainage corrugated pipes in geotextile filter 110 mm
Corrugated products have an uneven ribbed surface. Such pipes are produced with special holes that perform the function of a filter. They are perfect for organizing drainage systems and storm sewers located under the soil surface.
Useful advice! Use the properties of corrugated products to form a pipeline of complex shape with turns. Thanks to the flexible structure, these pipes allow you to abandon the use of fittings when installing the system. In addition, they provide a high-quality and simple connection to the wells.
Most corrugated products are manufactured using polyvinyl chloride or low-pressure polyethylene. They have a special marking that allows you to quickly navigate the assortment.
For example, the marking on the drain pipe in the filter “DGT HDPE d110” means the following:
- DGT – corrugated drainage pipe;
- HDPE – low-pressure polyethylene;
- d110 –the diameter of the product in mm.
If you intend to buy a drainage pipe for your construction, corrugated products can be either with or without a filter. In the first case, the average cost of the product is 71 rubles / sq.m, in the second – 67 rubles /sq.m.
Drainage pipes in geotextile: how to lay the pipeline according to the rules
Compliance with all the rules of the pipeline laying technology presupposes the correct choice of materials. If you make a mistake at the initial stage, the work will have to be redone.
Before you buy pipes for drainage ditch and other elements of the system, you should make preliminary calculations. An important role is played by the indicator of rigidity and flexibility. Experts recommend buying rigid pipes for the organization of a surface pipeline, while for the installation of a buried system it is better to take flexible versions of products.
Pipes having an inflexible design are characterized by a high index of annular rigidity. It indicates the degree of deformation of the product, which may occur in the event of a strong mechanical impact.
Pay attention! Inflexible pipes have dimensions in the range of 6-12 m. While flexible versions of products can have a length of about 40-50 m.
Ring stiffness (decoding of markings on pipes):
|Digital value, SN||Maximum length of the sinking, m|
|16||more than 10|
Inflexible pipes retain their strength even in case of soil displacement. The disadvantages of such structures include the costs associated with the need to purchase additional nodal parts for the organization of turns of the pipeline. These include tees for a 110 mm drainage pipe, bends, couplings. Manufacturers offer nodal parts suitable for the main diameters of products: 110, 160, 200, 250 and 315 mm.
Features of laying drainage pipes with geotextile
During the transportation of pipes, care should be taken, as well as during their installation. If for some reason the material gets even a single damage, in the future this section of the pipe will be constantly clogged, and the drainage procedure will be disrupted and become uneven.
Many manufacturers produce pipes with a shell in the form of geotextile. This greatly facilitates the installation process. The installation technology of the system also assumes independent wrapping of products with a cloth, which can be purchased separately.
Not all types of commercially available geotextiles can pass water, so not every type of material is suitable for laying drainage pipes with their own hands. A suitable option is polypropylene webs obtained by the needle-punched method and consisting exclusively of monofilaments.
Rules for handling geotextiles:
- unpacking of geotextile is best done at the very last moment, since exposure to ultraviolet reduces the performance characteristics of the material. For the same reason, it is recommended that all work with the canvas be done very quickly;
- the trench must be prepared in advance, cleaned, and have smooth edges. Thanks to this, you will eliminate any possibility of damage to the geotextile during the laying of the pipeline;
- the material fits as freely as possible, but at the same time there should be no waves and folds on its surface;
- geotextile should be cut in advance into canvases of suitable size. They should overlap the filter layer around the pipe overlap (0.3-0.6 m);
- the material should be immediately covered with rubble. In order not to damage the geotextile during the ramming of the embankment, the layer thickness should be at least 0.25-0.3 m.
When the canvas is wrapped, its edges are fixed due to the backfilling of the ditch with sand or soil. Otherwise, the technology of working with the canvas does not differ from the usual installation of a storm system with already wrapped pipes.