Chipboard: sheet size, thickness and cost of material from leading manufacturers
In recent years, the demand for chipboard has grown significantly, which are used not only in the manufacture of furniture, but also in construction and repair work – from rough wall decoration to the installation of decorative flooring. The market offers a huge selection of chipboard: sheet size, colors, texture and types are presented in a wide range. This article will tell you how to determine the optimal price–quality ratio, and what main characteristics are worth paying attention to.
Advantages and disadvantages of chipboard
Chipboard is a kind of well–known particle board (chipboard). This material has long been in well-deserved demand among domestic and foreign builders and furniture manufacturers.
Among the main advantages of chipboard is its low cost. Due to the fact that production waste (shavings and sawdust), or even simply crushed substandard trunks, are used for the manufacture of chipboard, the price for it is several times less than for MDF or natural wood.
Other undoubted advantages of this composite material are its strength, ease of processing, resistance to mechanical damage, as well as a wide variety of types, which significantly increases the scope of its application.
Among the disadvantages of chipboard is insufficient moisture resistance. Under the influence of water, the plates swell and deform. The same thing happens at high temperatures. In addition, the resins included in their composition, evaporating, can cause significant harm to human health. This composite material is also not very flexible and may crumble when trying to install repeated fasteners.
Types of chipboard and their scope of application
Depending on the level of environmental safety, there are 2 classes of chipboard – classes E1 and E2. CHIPBOARD of class E1 is considered the safest, since it contains fewer formaldehyde resins in its composition. The content of harmful substances in class E2 plates does not allow them to be used in the manufacture of children’s furniture. Moreover, in recent years, there has been a gradual reduction in its production in the EU countries. In Europe, there is another class of chipboard slabs – Super, i.e. Materials of this class are absolutely safe, but differ in excessively high cost.
Useful advice! Experts emphasize that it is better to buy chipboard sheets made according to European standards, known for their strictness in matters of safety for the environment and human health. The content of formaldehyde resins in them is several times less than that of plates manufactured in accordance with domestic or even American standards.
In appearance, chipboard is divided into 3 grades. Plates of the first grade are made only from high-quality raw materials, they have no defects, and at the final stage of production they are covered with a special decorative film or veneer. This grade is used in the manufacture of furniture.
For second-class slabs, cladding is not required, small scratches or chips are allowed at the edges. Chipboard of the third grade is often made from raw materials containing foreign inclusions or from wood bark chips, they have visible defects – chips, cracks, irregularities. The last two grades are used mainly in construction – as rough finishing, flooring, leveling ceilings and walls, making formwork.
In addition, chipboard plates are:
- untreated (they are used for rough finishing of premises);
- polished (used in the manufacture of furniture, but only for elements hidden from the eyes);
- cashiered (specially treated paper is used as a coating);
- veneered (on both sides the sheet is covered with a thin layer of natural wood, which gives them a decorative appearance and allows them to be used for the front surfaces of furniture and for interior decoration);
- laminated (the chipboard sheet is covered with a polymer film).
Features of chipboard plates
Chipboard is produced exclusively from high-quality polished chipboard in accordance with GOST 10632-2007. They are devoid of the disadvantages inherent in other chipboard boards: they are durable, they are not afraid of steam, mold and moisture, chemical and mechanical effects, and a special melamine film and edge finishing significantly reduce the level of dangerous vapors and increase the wear resistance of the material.
Due to such characteristics, chipboard plates can be used for the manufacture of furniture and interior decoration, including kitchens, hallways and bathrooms, wardrobes, office and children’s furniture, as a floor covering.
Chipboard is represented on the market by a huge number of colors and textures that allow you to imitate any material, up to stone, marble, metal or fabric, and fit into any color scheme or interior style at a very modest cost.
Chipboard does not require further processing or painting. For the manufacture of furniture facades and countertops, it is enough to cut the purchased chipboard sheet in accordance with the provided dimensions and trim the edges.
Important! It is necessary to process the edge not only in order to increase the wear resistance and appearance of the material, protect it from moisture and steam, but also in order to prevent the evaporation of harmful substances.
However, this is the main drawback of this material – the need for a special machine for sawing chipboard and their cutting. However, at present, any hardware store or workshop for the manufacture of furniture provides such a service as cutting chipboard according to the size of the customer.
Another disadvantage is that due to the crumbling edge, such plates are also not suitable for creating curved contours and complex carved elements.
Chipboard: the size of the sheet. The main indicators of length, width and thickness
The standard dimensions of the chipboard sheet are regulated by GOST. In accordance with this standard, the indicators of the width, length and thickness of the plates are determined.
The main dimensions of chipboard
There are 18 standard length indicators: 1830, 2040, 2440, 2500, 2600, 2700, 2750, 2840, 3220, 3500, 3600, 3660, 3690, 3750, 4100, 5200, 5500 and 5680 mm . In this case, the permissible inaccuracy of the length is ± 5 mm.
The width of the chipboard slabs is determined by 9 indicators: 1220, 1250, 1500, 1750, 1800, 1830, 2135, 2440 and 2500 mm. As in the case of length, the permissible error does not exceed ± 5 mm.
The thickness of the chipboard ranges from 3 to 38 mm with an acceptable inaccuracy of ± 0.3 mm.
It should be clarified that, depending on the capabilities of the equipment, each manufacturer produces several basic sizes of chipboard, but the following are considered the most popular on the market:
- 2800×2620 mm;
- 2800×2070 mm;
- 2620×1830 mm;
- 2500×1830 mm.
Thickness of chipboard sheets
The thickness of the chipboard directly depends on their strength and ability to resist loads, and hence the scope of application. At the same time, it is important to remember that heavy thick plates are very durable, but thin chipboard bends without being deformed.
Most often, the thickness of chipboard ranges from 8 to 38 mm. 8-10 mm sheets are used for the production of containers, drawer bottoms, door and wall cladding, as well as for furniture facades.
The thickness of 16 mm is widely used in the manufacture of furniture, for the construction of internal partitions and as a substrate for flooring (linoleum or laminate). Sheets with a thickness of 18 mm can also serve as a basis for flooring, but they are most often used for the manufacture of cabinet furniture, including wardrobes and wardrobes. 22-millimeter plates are suitable for the manufacture of kitchen furniture, countertops, tables.
For load-bearing elements, window sills and doors, plates with a thickness of 25 mm are used. But for the manufacture of durable bar counters, reliable shelves and countertops, 38 mm chipboard sheets will be the optimal choice. They will be able to withstand the strongest mechanical loads and at the same time not be deformed. It is worth noting that the most popular are chipboard sheets with a thickness of 10, 16, 18 and 25 mm.
An important characteristic in the manufacture of furniture and various construction and repair work is also the weight of the plate. It is determined by the dimensions of the sheet and its density. On average, the weight of one sheet ranges from 40 to 90 kg. For example, the weight of 1 square meter of 16 mm chipboard averages 10.36-11.39 kg. With a plate thickness of 18 mm, it will be 11.65-12.82 kg, 25 mm – from 14.69 to 16.16 kg. This indicator will be slightly different for different manufacturers.
Useful advice! Before you purchase a chipboard plate, you need to calculate its size correctly. This will not only ensure the strength and durability of the finished product, but also help to avoid unnecessary financial costs, guarantee a minimum of material residues and significantly save time.
How to choose and buy chipboard correctly: leading manufacturers
As mentioned above, each manufacturer puts on the market its own variants of chipboard sizes, which is due to the capabilities of its equipment.
The characteristic dimensions of the Egger chipboard sheet are 2800×2070 mm. Such a unified size does not prevent the Austrian company from successfully competing in the European and domestic market. After all, in addition to excellent environmentally friendly raw materials and a huge range of color solutions, it offers its customers a good choice of plate thickness options – 10, 16, 18, 25 mm and even non-standard 19 mm, which also distinguishes its products from competitors.
Unlike the only universal size of Egger chipboard, Syktyvkar Plywood Factory offers its customers a choice of 3 sizes of Lamarti chipboard –2800×2070, 2750×1830 and 3660×1830 mm with a thickness of 10, 16, 18 and 26 mm. Affordable prices, high-quality raw materials and a wealth of color solutions allow Lamarti chipboard to successfully fight for its place in the domestic market with foreign companies.
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Another Austrian company Kronoshpan manufactures chipboard in two standard sizes – 2620×1830 and 2800×2070 mm. At the same time, Kronoshpan offers a solid choice of plate thickness options (8, 10, 12, 16, 18, 22, 25 and 28 mm), as well as a wide palette of shades, rich textures, durability, environmental friendliness and reliability.
SwissPan produces chipboard of the following sizes:
- 2750x1830x10 mm;
- 2750x1830x16 mm;
- 2750x1830x18 mm;
- 2440x1830x16 mm;
- 2440x1830x18 mm;
- 2440x1830x22 mm;
- 2440x1830x25 mm.
The products of this company are in great demand among manufacturers of kitchen furniture and wardrobes.
Chipboard factory “Nevsky laminate” they are available in one size – 2440×1830 mm with a sheet thickness of 8, 10, 16 and 22 mm. The specified size of the chipboard sheet 16 mm thick is the most popular among consumers. Good quality, low price and compliance with European standards, as well as a greater choice of colors and textures explains the stable demand for its products in the domestic market.
What affects the cost of chipboard slabs
The cost of the plate is determined not only by the size and thickness of the chipboard sheet, the price of the material also depends on:
- the quality of raw materials (whether it contains, for example, extraneous inclusions in the form of bark, or, on the contrary, is made of the same kind of wood);
- the amount of harmful substances in the composition;
- whether a decorative coating was used in its production and which one – veneer, paper, melamine film, special varnish;
- the appearance of the finished product;
- countries of production.
In the case of chipboard, these factors are somewhat leveled, because only high-quality polished chipboard sheets are used for manufacturing, without extraneous inclusions, and most foreign companies have long opened domestic production.
Important! It is worth paying attention if there is a need to buy chipboard for furniture: the price per sheet and the price per meter differ significantly. However, most often manufacturers indicate both prices for the convenience of buyers.
The cost of various sizes of chipboard 16 mm
The price for a 16 mm thick chipboard sheet from different manufacturers will vary somewhat. So, to buy an Egger chipboard, you will have to pay, depending on the color and decor, from 1913 to 4220 rubles. For comparison, the price for a 10 mm chipboard sheet is 1762 rubles. (white base) and 3292 rubles. (Halifax oak tobacco). The price for a 16 mm chipboard sheet from Kronoshpan ranges from 1046 to 2080 rubles.
The price of a sheet of chipboard 16 mm 2750×1830 mm from Lamarti ranges from 204 to 457 rubles / m2 (on the official website, the cost is indicated per square meter, and not per sheet of chipboard, this should be paid attention to when calculating the price). You can buy a sheet of chipboard on a moisture-resistant basis from the Nevsky Laminate plant for approximately 1500 rubles.
When calculating the final cost, it is also necessary to take into account the costs of cutting chipboard in size. The size of the chipboard sheet and the price of the edge, respectively, will depend directly. You can buy chipboard with sawing in specialized hardware stores or order a similar service in workshops where there is appropriate equipment with a program for cutting chipboard.
It is not recommended to cut the stove yourself. Given the characteristics of the material, its edge will simply crumble, and chips will form. However, large construction stores often provide their customers with free sawing and cropping as a bonus when buying chipboard.