Carpentry workbench with your own hands: how to organize a comfortable workplace
To organize a convenient corner for wood processing, it is not necessary to buy a specialized table. Having basic skills of working with this material, you can make a carpenter’s workbench with your own hands. The article contains information that will help you easily and quickly cope with this task: optimal dimensions of structures and drawings, useful recommendations and step-by-step technology with a detailed description of all actions, as well as visual photographs.
Workbench: this is the main element of the woodworking workshop
In any workshop where they work with wood, there is always a carpenter’s workbench. Regardless of how the material is processed (manually or with the help of an electric tool), the presence of this element allows not only to competently organize the workspace, but also to make it more convenient and comfortable. All this ultimately affects the result. In such conditions, the productivity of the master and the quality of his work increases.
A workbench is a desktop that is used for processing wooden products manually or mechanically. Its design and ergonomic capabilities are designed in such a way that it is convenient for the master to fix the parts in different positions to perform various tasks.
The workbench allows you to perform such operations:
- assembly of wooden structures;
- manufacture of wood parts;
- processing of workpieces with varnishing compounds and other means.
Pay attention! The carpenter’s workbench in the traditional design is designed to work with lumber, the length of which does not exceed 3-3.5 m. To work with longer workpieces, you will have to use a carpenter’s workbench.
The device of a carpenter’s workbench: design features
The simplest joiner’s workbench consists of two elements: a workbench board (tabletop) and a workbench (frame performing a supporting function). The desktop in the traditional version is necessarily equipped with a vise. Depending on the placement, they can be front or end. With the help of a vise, the wooden blanks are fixed in the required position.
There are holes in the lid of the workshop table, as well as in the jaws of the vise made of wood. They are used to install stops and clamps, which can have different heights and cross-section sizes.
Before work, the stops are placed in a certain configuration so that the part can be placed in the required position between them. After the workpiece is installed, it is compressed using a screw mechanism, which is equipped with a vise. This design allows you to securely fix the wooden part in a horizontal position.
The vise can be used to work with workpieces of different thicknesses. Stops of different heights are provided especially for this purpose. The size of this element is selected so that during the processing of the part it does not protrude beyond the edge and does not interfere with the master.
Materials for the manufacture of the frame and lid of the carpenter’s table
During the processing of wooden workpieces, the working surface is subjected to serious loads, therefore, increased requirements are imposed on it. Regardless of whether an ordinary or folding carpenter’s workbench is made with your own hands, its design must be strong and rigid.
A high-quality frame must withstand all types of loads:
The strength characteristics of the frame depend on factors such as the reliability of fasteners (nails, bolts, nuts, screws) and the type of material from which it is made. The substructure is made of coniferous wood, for example, pine. Although linden or maple is also suitable for these purposes.
The countertop for the workbench is made of wood with a high strength index:
- ash trees , etc .
To create a carpenter’s table cover with their own hands, experts recommend taking a glued shield. In this case, you do not have to spend a lot of time and effort on fitting the wood. A full-fledged blank in the form of a glued shield will eliminate the need to cut the material, process its edge part, and then glue and align. The finished shield will cost a little more, but it’s worth it.
Useful advice! In the process of working with wooden blanks, you can accidentally damage the lid with a power tool. To prevent this, an additional flooring can be made from plywood or fiberboard for the workbench countertop. It is cut according to the shape and size of the lid. It is better if the protective flooring is made together with the workbench.
The main types of workbenches: photos of structures and vises for various purposes
Drawings of tables that can be found on the Internet are presented in a huge variety. To choose the best option for creating a workbench at home, it is better to determine in advance the type of construction and its configuration. There are several types of tables used for working with wood.
The simplest design to manufacture has a stationary type workbench. To create it, you will need a minimal set of tools and a little patience. Such structures are mainly used for processing large-sized wooden blanks.
A more complex device has carpentry workbenches of a folding type. These products are quite compact. Their weight does not exceed 30 kg. Such structures are considered mobile and, if desired, they can be easily moved from one place to another. In folding workbenches, the lower support part can be made of metal. This is done in order to increase the stability of the structure. Mobile tables are designed to work with small wooden blanks.
Carpentry workbenches can also be composite. In this case, all structural elements are fixed with bolted connections. The advantage of such a table is that all its components are interchangeable. On the other hand, the drawings of carpentry workbenches of composite type are quite complex, as is the technology of their manufacture. Only an experienced master can cope with this task.
Before you start creating a workbench, you need to choose a suitable version of the vise. At the same time, the specifics of future work must be taken into account.
There are several types of vise for carpentry workbench:
Hydraulic press with your own hands: a universal jack tool
Selection of the type and design of the structure. Selection of materials and tools. The sequence of the press assembly.
Pay attention! In non-rotating and rotary vises of the manual type, the width of the sponges is 8 cm.
How to calculate the dimensions of a workbench in a garage: recommended dimensions
The dimensions of the structure are selected individually depending on the preferences of the owner, as well as taking into account the expected types of work. The width of standard structures is in the range of 0.7-1.2 m, and the length is from 1.5 to 2 m. Workbenches are single and double. The differences between these designs are in the length and number of bedside tables with drawers. If the desktop is single, in this case the optimal dimensions of the countertop will be 0.8×0.8×1.5 m. In double designs, the length is increased to 2.8 m.
The height of the carpenter’s workbench is selected taking into account the height of the master who will work behind it. Usually this indicator varies in the range from 85 to 95 cm. It is quite simple to check the correctness of the calculations. If, standing at the table, the master can freely rest his palms on its lid, then the height is selected correctly. It is very important not to make a mistake with this indicator, since frequent stretching and bending are harmful to a person’s back and can lead to rapid fatigue.
The same applies to metal structures, which can also be used for locksmith work. In any case, the desktop must be stable and very durable. The minimum thickness of the lid is 5 cm. As an upholstery, textolite or linoleum is used, which will protect the countertop from damage. In locksmith workbenches, the wooden surface of the workplace is covered with a steel lid. The minimum thickness of this coating is 5 mm.
The optimal place to install a homemade workbench
It is necessary to take into account the features of the room before making a locksmith workbench with your own hands. Drawings of the future structure, as well as its dimensions, are selected taking into account all conditions:
Most often there is very little free space in the garage or workshop. On the recommendation of specialists, when making a workbench with their own hands, folding structures are given greater preference. They are mostly stationary and are usually installed near the wall. In this case, it is better to use the corner area of the room or its least involved area.
If it is supposed to manufacture a compact portable workbench with your own hands, you can install it anywhere. After use, the folding structure is simply removed to another place or moved.
Important! If there are windows in the room or ventilation is provided, drafts may appear. It is not recommended to place a workbench in the area of their action, as this can cause problems with the neck and back, as well as with muscles warmed up during work.
The technology of creating a carpenter’s workbench with your own hands: drawings, dimensions and procedure
The most convenient option for a private house or garage is a design with a hinged lid. Unlike a folding workbench table, its working surface rotates rather than unfolds. This version of the design has a completely different structure, although it is no less functional and compact.
Mobility is achieved due to the presence of wheels mounted on the bottom. To prevent arbitrary movement of the structure, it is advisable to use rollers with a locking function. In extreme cases, you can install a wedge under the wheels, but this option is not so convenient and practical.
On the right, drawers of a sliding type are installed in the structure for convenient storage of small items. If the table will be used by a left-handed master, they should be placed on the other side so that everything you need is at hand. In addition, the workbench is equipped with a special holder. It is made of perforated plywood and mounted on the back of the cabinet. Thus, it becomes possible to use the surface of the workbench with maximum benefit and organize additional storage space for small tools for carpentry.
On the left or right (for lefties) there is an open compartment in the structure. It is suitable for the placement of narrow high equipment, such as a drilling machine. Thanks to the roller mounted on the edge of the countertop, the processing of long lumber is greatly simplified, and due to the outlet for several sockets, several tools can be connected to the network at the same time.
Drawing of a workbench made of wood with your own hands and materials for work
Focusing on the design drawing, you need to make all the parts necessary for its assembly. The overall dimensions of the workbench in this case are 175 cm (length) and 76 cm (width). A distinctive feature of this table is a three-layer cover, which has an increased margin of rigidity and strength. The upper and lower levels are made of plywood sheet with a smooth surface. The middle layer of the countertop is typeset, it is formed from boards.
Important! A gap must be left between the boards in the middle layer of the countertop. This space is necessary so that the threaded rod can rotate freely.
A table containing a list of materials needed to create a wooden joiner’s workbench:
|Type of material||Quantity, pcs.||Dimensions, mm|
|Plywood sheet||1||1,2×1,2 (8 mm)|
|2||0.2×2.5 (8 mm)|
|3||1,2×2,5 (18-20 mm)|
|4||0.9×2.5 (25 mm)|
|3||1,2×2,5 (25 mm)|
|Perforated plywood||1||1,2×1,2 (8 mm)|
|Threaded rod (stud)||1||M20 (180-200 mm)|
|Latch with a mate||4||—|
|Drawer handle and folding table top||8||—|
|Furniture wheel with flat support for fixing||4||—|
|Self-tapping screws or screws on wood||0.5 kg||M8-M24|
|Self-tapping screws or screws on wood||0.5 kg||M50|
Carpentry workbench with your own hands: assembling the base
Before making a workbench out of wood, it is better to estimate the amount of work in advance and indicate the procedure. Most of the table parts are fixed with screw connections. To facilitate the assembly process, it is advisable to make holes in the plywood in the appropriate places for them in advance. For these purposes, you need to use a drill bit whose diameter is about 1/2 or 1/3 smaller than the diameter of the fastener itself.
Having prepared all the necessary tools and materials, as well as carefully studying the drawings of the carpenter’s workbench, you need to make all the details of the structure. A circular saw is suitable for cutting wood and plywood. After that, the end part is necessarily polished so that the edges of all elements are smooth. This will not only simplify the assembly process, but also avoid problems with the docking of parts.
First of all, the base is assembled. It consists of a base plate, where a cabinet with drawers will be installed, an open area for equipment and stiffeners to strengthen the structure. To do this, you need to assemble the frame and fix the plate on it. M50 fasteners should be used for fixing.
Important! Only dry lumber can be used for work. The optimal wood moisture index is 12%.
How to make a workbench from wood with your own hands: installation of cabinets and countertops
The next step is the installation of side tables. During the assembly of these elements, it is necessary to take into account that the plywood, which is attached to the back of the structure, must be fixed on the frame.
It is also worth paying attention to the fact that the outer plane for the left pedestal, used as a support, is longer than its inner part. In order to make the workbench made with your own hands more rigid, this element should not be fixed on the base plate, but fixed on the frame. The cabinets themselves are installed on the base plate. Two types of fasteners are used for this. The lower plane is fixed with screws of size M20-M24. Corners should be used for internal sidewalls.
After the curbstones are installed, it is necessary to accurately determine the middle on their inner sidewalls. This marking is necessary in order to cut U-shaped holes for the rotary rod. This should be done so that the center of these holes is located at a distance of 2.2 cm from the lower plane of the upper cover on the pedestal.
When everything is ready, you can pass the threaded rod through the holes in the four vertical posts. At the same time, its ends should protrude beyond the workbench by about 4-5 cm. They are fixed (without tightening) with lock nuts and washers.
Using clamps or screws, you need to install the support strips for the countertop. They will be placed here temporarily – only in order to be able to align the position of the countertop and its horizontal plane. Next, three layers of the lid are assembled, which are fixed with screws and adhesive composition. After that, the slats are removed and the result is checked. The table top should rotate freely.
Then the side surface of the lid (both rotary and stationary) is reinforced with the help of slats. Finally, you need to install the handles for turning and locking latches.
The final stage of assembling a workbench for carpentry
When all the elements of the frame part are assembled, you can start installing drawers and accessories. First of all, you need to install the guides in the cabinet located on the right. To make it more convenient to work, it is better to use temporary inserts in the form of panels made of wood.
Instead of homemade guides made of wood, ready-made sliding systems of factory production can be used. Such accessories (provided they are of high quality) work silently and reliably. These guides can be designed for both full and partial extension. Next, the storage boxes are assembled. For this purpose, screws and an adhesive composition intended for wood are used. The size of the facades is selected taking into account the dimensions of the pedestal.
Important! It is necessary to leave a small gap between the facades (about 1-3 mm), otherwise the drawers will not move out well.
As a functional addition, a movable bar can be installed on the spacer, along which one or more guide rollers will move. Their number depends on what kind of work will be carried out in the workshop. In order for the roller to move freely up and down, a slot is made in the movable bar for it, and then a wing nut is installed, which will perform the function of a clamping screw.
The roller is mounted in the upper part of the movable bar. To do this, use a U-shaped holder. It must have slots or holes on the sides designed for the axis of the roller.
Sometimes craftsmen resort to other carpentry tricks, and homemade devices made with their own hands become a wonderful addition to the workbench and other equipment:
- compact racks and holders for cutters;
- sliding stops for the miter saw;
- magnetic pads on the jaws of clamps (pipe);
- tools for creating precise angular holes with a drill;
- guide rails for circular saw;
- MDF table machines for eccentric grinding machine, etc.
Next, you need to install a carpentry tool on the workbench with your own hands. During the installation of electrical equipment on the flip cover, it is necessary to maintain balance. You cannot load only one side or one corner of the workbench. The mounting screws are buried at least 2/3 of the thickness in the rotary part of the countertop. This allows you to achieve reliable fixation, because carpentry electrical equipment has considerable weight. On the side sections, where the working area retains a stationary position, this fastener can pass through the entire thickness of the lid.
In the finished form, a homemade workbench with a turntable and equipment installed on it is very convenient and functional. To protect the wood from the negative effects of moisture, it is advisable to cover it with a primer or even paint. All parts are processed before the workbench is assembled and must be thoroughly dried. Coloring will also improve the appearance of the desktop in the workshop.