Built-in microwave oven: what you should pay attention to when choosing a device
It is difficult to imagine a kitchen without a microwave oven, because thanks to the presence of the device, time is saved for heating food. The advantage of the device is that you do not need to spend extra time warming it up. The food begins to cook and warm up immediately after turning on the appliance. Microwaves are divided into freestanding and built-in. Unlike a conventional microwave oven, the built-in microwave saves space in the kitchen.
The main advantages of a microwave oven
The microwave has become as necessary a device as a refrigerator and a stove, because this device makes it possible not only to warm up food, but also to cook simple dishes. If the microwave is designed for cooking, then most often, along with the instructions, a recipe book is included, which describes the features of cooking. As you gain experience, you will be able to put the dish in the microwave, set the right time and do other important things at this moment.
It’s interesting! In addition to vegetable dishes, you can also cook meat delicacies in the microwave.
Many people like the defrosting function, thanks to which you can immediately put meat from the freezer in the microwave. A properly selected built-in microwave oven will become an interior decoration. The main advantages of using the device:
- saves time;
- thanks to its compact size, it will fit in any room;
- it is characterized by simple care;
- does not raise the temperature in the kitchen;
- it is used for cooking vegetables and some types of meat dishes in its own juice;
- fast defrosting does not prevent spoilage of products;
- suitable for sterilizing cans for canning and baby bottles.
Classification of built-in microwave ovens by the nature of work
The most common microwaves are equipped only with a magnetron, which produces microwave radiation. This type of device is designed only for heating and defrosting. The operation of the furnace is based on the interaction of radiation and water molecules. For this reason, the maximum temperature during heating does not exceed 100 ° C, that is, the boiling point. The main purpose of this model of microwave oven is heating ready meals, cooking oatmeal and hot sandwiches, baking apples, potatoes, as well as other vegetables and fruits. As a rule, such devices are inexpensive.
Microwave ovens, the price of which is slightly higher, in addition to microwave radiation, are equipped with an additional heating element – a grill. The presence of such a heater allows you to diversify the list of ready meals, cook chicken and pies with an appetizing crispy crust. In addition, inside the microwave oven with a grill, you can fry sausages, make grilled vegetables, cook fish and browned toast. There are several types of grill.
In a quartz grill, the heating lamp is located inside – on the ceiling under a metal grill. Unlike other types, this element does not take up much space in the chamber, but is characterized by lower power and greater energy consumption. The advantages include the fact that under the influence of a quartz heater, the products are fried evenly, as a result of which it is much easier to monitor the cooking process.
The tenov grill looks like a pipe, inside of which there is a heating element located at the top of the chamber. In some models, this element is movable, so it can be moved or installed at an angle. In some types of appliances, the heating grill is located at the bottom.
The charcoal grill uses halogen heating or a charcoal heater, which shorten the cooking time and give the dishes an unusual flavor. The inner part of the heater consists of carbon fiber, which is placed in an insulating tube. When heated, the fiber emits radiation, similar in principle to ordinary fire. This heat, penetrating into food, preserves vitamins and useful elements, and also does not dry out ready meals.
The Samsung microwave oven, equipped with a ceramic grill, makes it possible to cook as quickly as possible (compared to other types of heaters). More moisture remains in the food prepared in this way, and the dishes are cooked and warmed more evenly both from the outside and from the inside, which is due to the effect of infrared radiation.
If there is an additional convection function that creates the movement of hot air inside, then the cooking temperature rises to 240-250 ° C. A microwave oven with convection and a grill is equivalent to an oven. Therefore, if an oven is already present, then such a set of functions will be superfluous. You should choose this microwave oven if there is no possibility of installing an oven in the kitchen.
Built-in microwave oven: options for internal coating
The cheapest microwave ovens inside are covered with paint. The painted surface is considered fragile: such furnaces quickly fail. The most popular option for the interior coating is considered to be enamel. Usually, the price of enameled microwaves is slightly lower than, for example, the cost of a ceramic-lined appliance. The advantage of enamel is considered to be ease of care, because it is enough to simply wash it with soapy water.
Important! The enameled coating may crack when exposed to high temperatures!
More expensive models inside have a stainless steel lining, which is characterized by high strength. However, it should be borne in mind that difficulties will arise during care, since steel is sensitive to mechanical stress. Therefore, it is necessary to carefully approach the choice of care products.
The most expensive are furnaces, the inner coating of which is made of ceramics and bioceramics. The surfaces are easy to care for. They are resistant to carbon deposits, and also provide minimal absorption of microwave radiation, which guarantees fast cooking. Such a coating can boast built-in microwave ovens BOSCH, SAMSUNG, SIEMENS, LG and others. The best microwaves are additionally equipped with antibacterial spraying, which prevents the reproduction of microbes and pathogens.
How to choose a microwave oven for home by volume and power
By volume , microwaves are divided into 3 categories:
- small microwave ovens with a capacity of 12 to 20 liters;
- average – 21-27 liters;
- large – 28-42 liters .
When choosing a device, it should be understood that the external dimensions of the built-in microwave oven depend on the useful volume of the camera, so before buying, you need to determine and measure the space prepared for installation. Compact microwave ovens are designed to warm up and will not take up much space in the kitchen, they are also used to prepare a breakfast that is loved by many – hot sandwiches. The device is perfect for 2 people.
Medium-sized microwaves are suitable not only for heating, but also for cooking. A small chicken or goose carcass can easily fit in the chamber. A microwave oven with a volume of 20-27 liters is quite enough for a family consisting of 4 people. For 6 or more people, it is recommended to choose a large, good microwave oven with a capacity of more than 30 liters.
The power of microwaves varies from 500 to 1500 watts. The higher the power, the faster the dishes will be cooked and warmed up. Most built-in Electrolux microwaves and appliances from other popular manufacturers are characterized by a power of 800-1000 watts. Such options are considered optimal in terms of cost, cooking speed and energy consumption.
Inverter microwave ovens are characterized by high power, which can be adjusted during the cooking process using a special mechanism. Adjustment helps to preserve the texture and vitamin composition of ready meals. Most models have several capacity options for heating different amounts of products. The more choices there are, the easier it is to choose the radiation power needed for a particular dish.
Important! Before you buy a microwave oven, you need to clarify what voltage the electrical wiring in the apartment is designed for. It should be taken into account that if you choose a combined microwave oven, the power of the functions adds up, as a result of which energy consumption becomes very high.
If you turn on the appliance and do not select the power level, it will work in maximum mode, which is not always suitable for a particular dish.
The approximate power required for cooking and heating food is shown in the table:
Maintaining the optimal temperature of the finished dish
Slow heating or cooking
Quick cooking or reheating
Cooking complex dishes
Types of microwave control: mechanical, touch, push-button
Mechanical control is considered the simplest and most versatile. On the facade of such microwaves there are white or other colored handles, with the help of which the adjustment is carried out. One handle is usually responsible for the power, the other is used to program the cooking or heating time. The main advantages of such models are ease of use, low probability of breakage. The disadvantage is the inaccuracy of the set time, because when you turn the handle, you can add an extra minute, while significantly overheating the dish. The cost of a mechanically controlled microwave oven is lower than the price of sensor analogues.
Push–button control has a significant plus – a digital screen on which you can see what power is set and for how long cooking is programmed. Such models have a modern appearance, easily fit into kitchen interiors. Thanks to the push-button control, it is easy to choose the optimal heating time, choose the defrosting power. In standby mode, the screen displays the time.
Touch control is practically no different from push-button. The only difference is that the buttons do not protrude from the case. This makes cleaning the facade of the device easier, because dirt and grease often accumulate between the buttons, which are very difficult to remove. However, microwave ovens with touch control have a significant disadvantage: for some reason they break down more often than other models, especially often internal elements burn out during voltage surges. If sudden voltage fluctuations often occur in the house, it is better to purchase a Samsung built-in microwave oven with a volt control system, which allows you to withstand jumps up to 400 watts.
It’s interesting! A Krusty plate (or Krispy) is a dish designed specifically for a microwave oven. It is made of a special metal, which allows it to be used for some models of microwaves. A special feature is that it is possible to fry food in the microwave in the same way as in a frying pan. It is allowed to heat the container up to 200C, but it should be borne in mind that the plate is not suitable for all models.
How to choose a microwave oven if additional functions are required
A popular additional option is the possibility of steam supply during the cooking process, which helps to reduce the cooking time. At the same time, the useful substances of the products and their appearance are preserved, as well as electricity is saved. Dishes cooked with steam are considered dietary and are equated to dishes from the oven.
The ventilation function of the working chamber (deodorizer) will help in maintenance, which eliminates odors a few minutes after cooking. The option is most often available in touch or push-button models. To get rid of foreign odors, you just need to press the necessary button – then the work is done automatically.
Electric built-in oven: tips for choosing
Types of devices. Dimensions and functionality of built-in electric ovens. Features of the choice. Rating of ovens.
The possibility of automatic weighing in models equipped with built-in scales is considered convenient, which facilitates the calculation of the required heating and cooking time. The double radiation function means the bifurcation of microwave radiation. This contributes to a more uniform heating of products and reduces the amount of time spent. Models equipped with a dialog mode or the option of voice duplication of messages that appear on the screen are very popular in the rating of microwaves. Other additional functions of microwaves:
Important! It is absolutely impossible to use dishes with metal elements, because for this reason the magnetron can burn out!
Elements that simplify the work with the microwave
Any microwave oven, whether it is an expensive multifunctional built-in Bosch microwave or a small microwave oven with convection, is designed to save time working in the kitchen. Additional equipment that helps to control the device includes:
A small microwave oven only for heating has a small diameter of 20 cm, in large microwave ovens the diameter is 30 cm and higher. Previously, all built-in microwave ovens from Siemens, LG and devices from other manufacturers were manufactured without a turntable, but the products were heated unevenly in them, and this process took a lot of time. Now manufacturers have returned to the production of microwave ovens without a turntable, but they have organized the principle of operation in accordance with modern trends.
To speed up cooking and make heating uniform, manufacturers placed a heating element that creates microwave radiation, not on the side surface, but from below. During cooking, it is not the dish that rotates, but a special radiation distributor that is not visible to the user. Such microwave models cook food 13% more intensively and defrost food 12% faster.
There is also another technology that eliminates the presence of a turntable – the “triple microwave distribution system”. Many models of Samsung microwaves differ in this function. The meaning of the work consists in the presence of the main antenna, to which the magnetron supplies radiation, as well as 2 additional ones that evenly distribute heat throughout the chamber. In general, the absence of a circle simplifies the care of the microwave, since the bottom surface is absolutely flat, and there is also no chance of breaking a plate that rotates.
Important! A significant advantage of ovens without a rotating table is an increase in the useful volume of the chamber and the ability to install several plates at once, even in a small microwave oven. The absence of a table does not affect the operation of other functions, such as convection, grill and others.
How to choose a microwave oven: overview of manufacturers and models
Sometimes it is very difficult to make a choice, because the list of the best models is constantly changing in the rating of microwave ovens. Manufacturers are constantly adding new features, beating the design, removing unnecessary and adding useful options. The power indicator that affects the cooking speed is different for all manufacturers, but the average power is 800 watts. The main criterion for the reliability of the device is the quality of the assembly and the materials used, the durability is also affected by the inner coating of the camera.
Choosing the optimal kitchen device, you should take into account how many people will use it. If the purpose of the purchase is hot sandwiches or a morning omelet, it will be enough to purchase a small microwave that will take up a minimum of space. If you also need to cook, it is better to immediately buy a large combined electric appliance. Of course, do not forget about the design, as the built-in microwave oven should fit perfectly into the interior of the kitchen.
Manufacturers have made sure that it is easy to pick up microwaves for design in high-tech, modern, retro styles, as well as for vintage kitchens. Now they produce not only black and white facades – manufacturers make the door in different colors to adapt it to any style.
Samsung, Bosch and Siemens inverter microwaves: their advantages
To understand the question of which microwave is better: inverter or conventional, you need to understand the meaning of the oven. The advantages of Bosch built-in microwaves with an inverter include the method of supplying radiation to the inner chamber. In an oven with an ordinary magnetron, the power supply is always the same, which can be compared to cooking in a frying pan or in a saucepan on an electric or gas stove.
In the inverter type of the device, it is possible to adjust the power: it is recommended to choose the maximum and minimum at the beginning of cooking – at the end. This means that the closer the completion of the cooking process is, the less stressful the work of the magnetron will be. The different intensity of the radiation intake contributes to the preservation of the structure of the finished dish, does not dry out the products, favors uniform baking.
The products prepared in Samsung inverter microwave ovens retain the maximum amount of nutrients, vitamins and minerals. This was proved experimentally at the NFRI Institute. Scientists have verified that the content of vitamin B1, which is present in pork meat, after cooking in an inverter oven is 42% higher than after the cooking process in a conventional microwave oven. The content of vitamin C and calcium in cabbage was 31 and 16% higher, respectively.
Due to the fact that the inverter in the cooking process gradually reduces the power input of microwaves, there is an energy saving. At the same time, the magnetron in Bosch microwaves turns on only at the beginning of cooking and works constantly. In a conventional furnace, it turns on and off, as a result of which the power consumption increases. This is because at the moment of switching on the magnetron consumes the maximum amount of electricity, causing the meter to spin more intensively.
Siemens INNOWAVE series built-in microwave ovens also use an inverter, which is characterized by an increased cooking speed. The device also has a special grill developed by the company with an automatic cooking function taking into account weight. The device starts working according to the program recorded in memory, you only need to select the type of product and specify the weight. Next, the microwave itself will select the optimal mode and cooking time.
A brief overview of LG microwave ovens: a variety of choices, functions of devices
A popular model is the roomy microwave MS8289BRCS, which has a working chamber volume of 32 liters. The device is equipped with a microwave function, a grill and convection. In fact, this microwave oven can be replaced by an oven, and the steamer function is also available here. Special cooking utensils are included. The program “Russian chef” gives you the opportunity to cook everyone’s favorite dishes, such as mashed potatoes, buckwheat porridge, apple jam. Defrosting is offered here in different modes for different types of meat and depending on weight. In general, a microwave of this type replaces an oven, a steamer and even a slow cooker, which makes it possible to save space in the kitchen.
It’s interesting! The South Korean brand LG offers a huge selection of microwaves – these are both built-in and free-standing models, appliances with a grill, a converter and without them.
The best LG microwave ovens are models with a double grill, one of which is able to rotate and ensure uniform roasting, while there is no need to turn the dish over. After cooking in this mode, the products get a crispy crust, which is no worse than after cooking in the oven. For many models, the manufacturer gives a 10-year warranty.
Built-in microwave oven: price overview
Of course, every buyer is interested in how much a microwave oven costs from different manufacturers. As a rule, the cheapest brands are Delfa, Hansa, Vitek, Saturn, and Indesit. They do not differ in a large set of functions, and the average price for such microwaves is from 13 thousand rubles.
The expensive brands Miele, Bork, Franke, Smeg are singled out separately, which are characterized by thoughtful design, often exclusive. However, the cost for them starts from 90-100 thousand rubles. Sometimes the price is based not on the quality of the product, but on the promotion of the brand and is often overpriced.
The table shows the most popular brands and prices for microwaves, depending on their characteristics:
COA 565 GS0
BF 525 LMS0
BF 635 LGS1
CM 585 AM S0
FW 77 SR-W
EMT 25203 C
EMC 26204 OX
A properly selected microwave oven should not only fit beautifully into the kitchen interior, but also help to significantly save time working in the kitchen. After all, with its help, you can not only warm up ready-made dishes, but also cook something new, as well as quickly defrost products from the freezer. Food cooked in a microwave oven is considered dietary, as it is prepared in its own juice. The main thing is to follow safety measures when using the device: make sure that the door closes tightly, check the condition of the seals, use dishes that are designed for a microwave oven. To prevent the reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms, the device chamber should be washed more often.