A barrel stove: a simple option for organizing heating in utility rooms
A barrel stove is a simple and economical way to arrange heating in any non-residential building, for example, in a garage. For the manufacture of such a stove, metal containers are used, the volume of which is 200 liters. To make a reliable and efficient heating device from a barrel, it is necessary to understand the principle of operation of the stove and clearly follow the instructions.
Advantages and disadvantages of a homemade stove from a barrel
Currently, there are many options for self-manufacturing a stove for household needs. Old gas cylinders, as well as sheet iron, are used to assemble the bourgeoisie. In the first case, it is quite difficult to get the right capacity. As for sheet iron, it is not cheap. However, there is a more affordable source material from which it is easiest to make a heating unit – a metal barrel for 200 liters.
Why is it recommended to use this volume? This is explained quite simply. When assembling a stove-stove with your own hands, you need to make sure that it accommodates a large amount of fuel. This will maximize the time interval between loading new batches of firewood. In addition, the dimensions of such a container allow you to easily allocate space for an ash tray.
Most often, these homemade structures are used to heat basements, garages, as well as workshops that do not provide autonomous heating.
Pay attention! Before using the barrel, it is necessary to inspect it for rust. It is absolutely impossible to use tanks on the surface of which traces of corrosion can be traced. These vulnerable places will simply burn out under the influence of high temperatures, which can cause an emergency.
In order to answer the question of how to make a bourgeois, it is necessary to carefully study the instructions. The use of a metal barrel for the construction of a heating device has other advantages. For example, the natural dimensions of the tank do not prevent the free gorenje fire. And also such a stove does not require the selection of special fuel.
As for any other device, some disadvantages are also characteristic of a homemade bourgeoisie. During operation, the container body heats up to a very high temperature, since the metal sheet has a small thickness. Thus, during the operation of such a bourgeois, it is strictly forbidden to touch it. You can make a stove from a 200-liter barrel with your own hands quite quickly (in just a few hours).
Such stoves have low efficiency, which is explained by the peculiarities of their design. During operation, some of the heat energy simply evaporates into the chimney. Experts do not recommend using coal as fuel for such barrels. The whole point is its high gorenje temperature, which thin walls may not withstand.
The principle of operation of the bourgeoisie from the barrel: what you need to know
Before starting the self-assembly of such a device, it is necessary to understand how it functions. Understanding the principle of operation makes it possible to simplify the manufacturing process of such an improvised furnace.
Sawdust or firewood is used as fuel for a homemade bourgeoisie from a metal tank. Compressed sawdust is distinguished by the fact that it takes quite a long time to be processed inside a homemade oven. Among other things, the cost of such fuel is minimal, so it has become widespread.
The diameter of a 200-liter barrel is 600 mm. If desired, you can perform a fairly functional design, which will also have an attractive appearance. The dimensions of the tank with a volume of 200 liters allow you to place a hexagon inside it, the sides of which will be equal to 314 mm. In this case, according to the manufacturing technology, the devices resemble traditional furnace units.
It is worth noting that the finished device does not have a very high efficiency – only 15%. To increase efficiency, another component element is often added to a homemade design – a screen. The reflective shield, of course, contributes to an increase in efficiency, but this solution also has a negative side. The use of a screen reflecting heat leads to the fact that the operational life of a homemade furnace is reduced.
Useful information! The main reason that the furnace has a rather low efficiency is the height of the tank. Barrels with a capacity of 200 liters have a length of 85 cm. The second problem is too thin sheet of metal, the thickness of which rarely exceeds 2 mm.
It is worth noting that if the grates in the unit are raised due to the high location of the blower, then the efficiency of the device decreases. This is due to the fact that the heat in such a structure is dissipated into the air through its lower part. To solve this problem, it is necessary to hide the lower part of the stove from the barrel in the brickwork. Not only instructions, but also educational photo and video materials will help you to make such an assembly with your own hands.
The service life of bourgeois made of metal barrels is on average 3-4 years during normal operation. A lot of tricks are used to increase efficiency. However, it is worth saying that with all the desire to get more than 20% of the return from a homemade unit will not work.
How to make a stove: tips for choosing a high-quality barrel
The technical characteristics of the future heating device and its efficiency depend on the choice of the barrel. In order to assemble the stove-bourgeois independently, it is necessary to prepare a metal tank, the recommended volume of which is 200 liters. Of course, it is possible to make a stove from a smaller capacity, but in this case the efficiency of the heating device decreases, which is already quite low.
To assemble a stove-stove with your own hands, you can use any metal barrels made of steel material. Steel is characterized by good resistance to high temperatures, so its use for the assembly of the heating unit is more than justified. For the same purpose, you can use barrels that were used for storage:
- liquid glass;
All containers produced and used for storing various formulations are divided into types according to several criteria. First of all, they can be with or without a closed top. And also such tanks differ from each other in the thickness of the bottom and the open cylindrical structural element (shell). Regardless of the variety, for the production of a metal furnace with their own hands, it is necessary to pre-clean the tank.
The operational life of such a stove in any case depends on the thickness of the walls of the barrel. Based on this, it is not recommended to use tanks that have a wall thickness of less than 2 mm for the assembly of the heating unit. The shelf life of the device is also affected by the frequency of its use.
Pay attention! The most appropriate is the use of barrels, for the manufacture of which stainless steel is used. This material has the highest technical characteristics, including resistance to high temperatures.
Before you start assembling the unit, you need to complete a drawing of a long-burning furnace.Gorenje The more detailed it is, the less likely it is to make mistakes during the design of the heating device.
Types of stoves depending on the location: vertical model
Depending on the plane in which the metal tank will be located, there are two types of homemade bourgeois: vertical and horizontal. Each of these types of heating devices has its advantages and disadvantages.
The oven from the vertical type barrel is installed not on the floor, but on the legs. To make the door, you will need to cut out the side of the tank and provide it with hinges. It is important to remember that the hinges must be fixed to the barrel and the door not from the inside, but from its outer part.
A mandatory element of such a design is a metal plate with perforation, which is called a grate. To fix such a lattice, you can use the usual corners. In order to perform a blowdown, you will need to prepare a metal pipe with a slide gate. The thickness of the metal walls should be sufficient, otherwise the structure will burn out quickly.
The flap for a long gorenje wood-burning stove, located in a vertical plane, is fixed on special bolts. When igniting the fuel inside the tank, the blower should be opened to the limit.
In the upper part of the canister, it is necessary to make a hole in the shape of a circle. It will be needed in order to connect a chimney structure to a homemade stove. The pipe is joined to the metal surface using welding equipment.
The function of the grate is to protect the bottom of the canister from burning out, as well as to retain thermal energy. Thus, this element is necessary when installing a homemade gorenje for long-term combustion.
Before starting the assembly, it is recommended to make an individual drawing of the device. It should be as detailed as possible, contain a drawing of the future unit and its individual components, as well as indicate their dimensions.
Design features are determined depending on the purpose of the device and the place where it will be located. If desired, you can download a ready-made drawing of the bourgeoisie on the Internet. However, in this case, it is necessary not to make a mistake with its volume.
The vertical version of a homemade heating device is characterized by ease of assembly. You can find an application for such an aggregate both in a private house and in the country. The firewood used for kindling a heating device of this type is selected depending on the dimensions of the furnace.
Barrel stove: features of the horizontal model
From a barrel that has a volume of 200 liters, it is also possible to make a heating device located in a horizontal plane. In this case, it is also necessary to prepare the supporting structure. Its height is calculated taking into account individual operational characteristics. When choosing this indicator, first of all, you need to focus on the dimensions of the room in which the homemade heater will be installed.
In the drawing of the furnace, it is necessary to take into account the peculiarities of its location. The assembly of such a structure takes place in an almost identical way, as in the case of a vertical heating device. Let’s take a closer look at the process of self-manufacturing a bourgeoisie from a metal canister.
Pay attention! The dimensions of the ash pan should not exceed 1/3 of the height of the canister. The barrel size of 200 liters (more precisely, height), as a rule, is 85 cm.
A hole must be made in the bottom of the tank, which will be used to remove ash. At the same time, you need to understand that its parameters should not be too large. Next, you will need to make an ashtray. As a material for this element, an ordinary metal sheet of the appropriate thickness is used. Then it should be docked with the bottom of the heater. It is customary to use welding equipment for this purpose.
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When arranging the ashtray, it is necessary to provide an observation window through which this compartment will be cleaned. Next, the installation of the chimney structure is carried out. In this case, there are two common options for the location of the pipe – on the back wall or in the upper part.
The long-burning stove, located in a horizontal plane, can be used not only for heating garage rooms, basements and outbuildings, but also for cooking.Gorenjeska is a kind of cooking stove. To do this, it is equipped with a special hob. Such a device is mobile, so it can be taken out into nature.
How to make a stove with your own hands: the preparatory stage
Before starting the assembly of the bourgeoisie from the barrel, you should purchase the necessary tools and materials. And it is also very important to prepare the tank itself, since not every tank is suitable for the construction of a solid fuel heater. During the manufacturing process , you will need:
- two barrels (200 l);
- sheet metal;
- metal corners;
- metal pipe;
- brick (refractory);
- welding equipment.
Installation is carried out in accordance with the scheme of the stove, made in advance. It should be said right away that the barrel for making the bourgeoisie must be prepared before starting work. To do this, the paint and varnish material is removed from the surface of the container. If you ignore this stage, then during operation the stove will emit acrid, unhealthy smoke for some time.
For those who care about the appearance of the future device, experts recommend that after removing the paint, the container is sanded. For this purpose, an ordinary metal grinder is suitable.
In addition to removing the paint, you will need to cut two rectangular windows in the body of the canister. When doing this work, you should be careful, since the deleted segments will be used as doors in the future. After cutting out the windows, it is necessary to process the edges of the holes with a grinder. This will smooth them out, which will ensure convenient and safe use of the wood-burning stove. It will not be difficult to perform all the actions with your own hands. Any beginner can handle this job.
Pay attention! The door used for the firebox should be larger than the sash for the ash pan.
The last thing to do at the preparation stage is to remove the upper part of the container. This must be done in order to install a grate.
200 liter barrel stove: dimensions and installation of the grate
Reinforced metal bars are used to assemble the grate. The diameter of a standard canister, which has such a volume, is usually 571.5 mm. When assembling the grate, it is necessary to take this indicator into account. In any case, it should have smaller dimensions.
The grate is installed between the doors of the furnace and the ash pan. Metal corners are used to fix it. Video materials on this topic allow us to give a more accurate answer to the question of how to make a stove with your own hands using a barrel.
When making an ashtray, it should be taken into account how much fuel will be processed approximately per day. Such homemade heaters generate quite a lot of ash, so the recommended depth of the collecting compartment is 10-13 cm.
The doors for the ash pan and the furnace tank must be enlarged by using welding equipment and strips cut from metal sheets. The width of the strips should be approximately 2 cm. It is recommended to mark this stage of work in advance in the drawing of the bourgeoisie. You will need to construct handles with your own hands. The simplest option involves welding individual pieces of fittings to the doors. Then you need to install the hinges.
At the next stage, the support elements are assembled. In order to make the legs, you need to prepare pieces of dense reinforcement. And also for this purpose, you can use metal corners, the thickness of which should be at least 3 mm. When choosing the optimal height of the stand, it is necessary to be guided by individual preferences. The standard distance from the floor to the heater is 10 cm.
How to make a stove from a barrel: preparation of the chimney and final assembly
The place where the homemade bourgeoisie will be installed must be prepared in advance. It is recommended to sheathe the floor and walls with metal sheets. This will protect the surfaces from the negative effects of high temperatures. The design of the furnace, made from a barrel, necessarily requires the presence of a chimney. The best option is a removable device (pipe in pipe).
A removable chimney is quite simple to perform on your own. To do this, you need to weld a pipe with a smaller diameter to the tank. The length of such a segment should be no more than 15 cm. Then a second tube with a larger cross-section is simply put on. Profile forums help to answer the question of how to make a bourgeois with your own hands. Before designing a heating device, it is recommended to read the advice of the masters.
Useful information! Collapsible factory versions of chimneys are often used. It is not recommended to design a solid pipe, since in case of clogging it will be much more difficult to clean it from soot and burning.
After the chimney is welded, you can proceed to the final stage – the assembly of the heater. The stove from a barrel of 200 liters should be placed in a place prepared for its operation. Next, a grate made of reinforced rods is placed in it. Then it is necessary to weld a lid with a narrow tube to the top of the barrel and put a wider pipe on the tap. This completes the assembly of a homemade bourgeoisie from a metal tank.
After the stove is ready, you need to test it. Such a device can be used not only for heating the room, but also for cooking. Some owners use a stove from a 200-liter barrel to burn garbage.
Proper operation of such a heating device is the key to its long service life. In order for the canister to last at least 5 years, regular preventive cleaning of the unit is required.
Rules for installing a homemade bourgeoisie
Before installing the stove, you need to familiarize yourself with some rules. This will ensure maximum safety of operation with the unit. First of all, it is worth remembering that the bourgeois should be located only on the surface that is resistant to fires.
The fire-resistant surface can be organized on its own. To do this, you will need to prepare a brick or ceramic tile. A platform is laid out from any suitable facing material. It is also recommended to protect the walls from the high temperature produced by a wood-burning stove.
Another way to protect work surfaces from heat is the use of special refractory drywall. It is important to remember that there should be no flammable materials in the immediate vicinity of the bourgeoisie.
If desired, you can make a bourgeois with a water contour. This heating option is more complex from a constructive point of view. It requires the organization of a heat exchanger, as well as pipe wiring.
Pay attention! In a room that will be heated by such equipment, it is necessary to organize competent ventilation communication. It is most expedient to use a design that belongs to the forced type, since natural ventilation in this case may not be enough.
Only high-quality, reliable materials should be used for the manufacture of bourgeois. Before starting work, it is recommended to study videos on this topic. Photos of stoves also help to understand the intricacies of assembly. The unit, which was executed correctly, is capable of serving for more than one year.
Thus, in order to make a stove from a metal barrel, you do not need to have any special knowledge. Strict compliance with the instructions, as well as an understanding of the principles of operation of this device is all you need to know to make a reliable unit.